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2021-9-28 Planning Commission Agenda Packet1 , ` KAUA‘I PLANNING COMMISSION REGULAR MEETING January 12, 2021 The regular meeting of the Planning Commission of the County of Kaua‘i was called to order by Chair Glenda Nogami Streufert at 9:09 a.m., - Microsoft Teams Audio +1 469-848-0234, Conference ID: 680 192 715# The following Commissioners were present: Ms. Glenda Nogami Streufert Ms. Donna Apisa Mr. Melvin Chiba Ms. Helen Cox Lori Otsuka Mr. Francis DeGracia Mr. Ho Absent and Excused: The following staff members were present: Planning Department – Director Kaaina Hull, Deputy Director Jodi Higuchi Sayegusa, Myles Hironaka, Mike Laureta, Dale Cua, Kenneth Estes, and Planning Commission Secretary Shanlee Jimenez; Office of the County Attorney – Deputy County Attorney Laura Barzilai; Office of Boards and Commissions – Administrator Ellen Ching, Support Clerk Arleen Kuwamura Discussion of the meeting, in effect, ensued: CALL TO ORDER Chair Glenda Nogami Streufert: Called the meeting to order at 9:09 a.m. ROLL CALL Chair Glenda Nogami Streufert: Let’s convene the Planning Commission Meeting. It’s a call to order. Can we have a roll call please Mr. Hull? Planning Director Kaaina Hull: Roll call Madam Chair. Commissioner Apisa? Ms. Apisa: Here. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Chiba? Mr. Chiba: Here. 2 Mr. Hull: Commissioner Cox? Ms. Cox: Here. Mr. Hull: Commissioner DeGracia? Mr. DeGracia: Here. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Ho? Mr. Ho: Here. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Otsuka? Ms. Cox: Here. Here. Mr. Hull: Chair Streufert? Chair Nogami Streufert: Here. Mr. Hull: You have a quorum seven present, Madam Chair. Chair Nogami Streufert: Great. Thank you. Mr. Hull: Before we go on to the next agenda item, if I could take a real quick point to introduce two new faces that are appearing before the Commission. First, we have, Laura bars- Barzilai. Laura I hope I’m pronouncing’ that right. Ms. Barzilai: It is Barzilai. Yes. You got it Kaaina. Mr. Hull: Okay. Laura is our new assigned Deputy County Attorney. For several years I think the Commissioner was used to having an attorney constantly and uniformly by its side and with Ian Jung then Jodi Sayegusa and for a little bit of time Nick Courson. But the County Attorney’s Office for the past year has kind of been doing or having some staffing issues, and so you guys have had some temporary assignments over the past year. Now Laura is with the County Attorney’s Office and she is your official assigned County Attorney so it is great that we are able to have and you folks will be able to now have legal counsel consistently with Laura. We have spent some time with her on the side already and she seems ready to roll up her sleeves and get into the thick of it with you, the thick of it with you all, so I wanted to welcome Laura and I will let Laura have a have few words she may have for the Commission. Ms. Barzilai: Mahalo for that introduction Kaaina and Aloha again everybody. I just wanted to say again that if you have any questions or need to speak with me you can reach me by e-mail 3 through the system or call me at the County Attorney’s Office and I’d be glad to assist in any way possible. Ms. Apisa: Welcome. Chair Nogami Streufert: Welcome to the Commission. Thank you very much. Ms. Barzilai: Thank you. Mr. Hull: And secondly, I am doing this twice because I missed introduction in the Subdivision Committee Meeting but for the full Commission and I know the full Commission is here, the second person I would like to introduce is Kenneth Estes. Kenny is our new Regulatory Planner. He will be running the Subdivision Program as well as handling other Planning Commission permits and review like zoning amendments. Kenny is actually a former planner with the Planning Department. He worked with us for about four or five years, Kenny if I’m not mistaken or three or four years? As our Subdivision Planner and has went out to work in the private sector and is now returned to us and we are grateful to have him back. He has a wealth of information and knowledge and we got a lot of history with the Department so, Kenny’s, our new added teammate. Kenny you have any words for the Commission? Mr. Estes: All right. Just wanted to say good morning Commissioners and nice to meet you all. I’m excited to be back with the planning family and I will try to pick up where I kind of left off. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Thank you Kenny and welcome to the Commission. Mr. Estes: Thank you. Mr. Hull: Next on the agenda, Madam Chair is selection of the Chairperson and Vice Chairperson as well as the appointment of the Subdivision Committee Chairperson - Vice Chairperson. Chair Nogami Streufert: Well before we do that, I wanted to thank everybody. It’s been a great tumultuous year, had lots of changes with different ways of making, of doing our meetings and it’s worked out pretty well. I really appreciate the support of everyone but now it’s time for a new set of people to meet our Commission and I am open for nominations to the position of the Chair of the Planning Commission. Ms. Otsuka: Yes, Madam Chair. I would like to nominate Commission Donna Apisa for the position of Planning Commission Chair. 4 Chair Nogami Streufert: Thank you. We have one nomination for the Planning Commission Chair. Are there any other nominations? If not, may I have a motion to close the nominations? Ms. Otsuka: I move to close the nomination for the position of the Planning Commission Chair. Ms. Cox: I second the motion. Chair Nogami Streufert: It’s been moved and seconded to, uh, close the nominations for the Planning Commission Chair. There are no, if there is no discussion than we will go onto a vote. All those in favor of Donna Apisa for the Commission Chair - County Commission Chair say, “Aye.” Aye. (Unanimous voice vote) Any opposed? (None) Motion carried 7:0. Congratulations Commission Apisa. You are now the Planning Commission Chair. I am sorry I do not have a gavel to send you but I can send you a Diet Coke can to hit on the table. So thank you very much and good luck. Chair Apisa: Thank you. You did a great job getting us through COVID. Thank you. Thank you and all our, all our changes. It was a, it was a very year of changes so you did a great job with it. Thank you. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Thank you. Mr. Ho: Congrats, Madam Chair. Chair Apisa: Do I now ask for the Subcommittee or Vice President? Does it matter which order? I guess we ask for first nominations are in order for the position of Vice Chair. Nominations are in order. Do we have a nomination for Planning Commission, Vice Chair? Ms. Otsuka: Yes. I would like to nominate Commission, Commissioner Helen Cox for the position of Vice Chair to the Planning Commission. Chair Apisa: And nominations do not need to be seconded. Are there any other nominations? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move to close the nominations for the Vice Chair for the Planning Commission. Chair Apisa: Second? Do we have a second. Mr. DeGracia: Second. 5 Chair Apisa: Second. We have a motion on the floor, do we have for Helen Cox to be the Vice Chair? Do we have all in? Do we did anyone want a secret vote? Okay. Hearing, hearing none, we will take a roll call on this Kaaina. Ms. Otsuka: Unmute Kaaina. Unmute. Mr. Hull: My apologies. That was me. Mr. Ho: No worries. Mr. Hull: Sorry. Roll call Madam Chair. All in favor of Commissioner Cox for the position of Vice Chairs, roll call - Commissioner Chiba? Mr. Chiba: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Cox? Ms. Cox: Do I vote? Mr. Hull: Yes, actually. Ms. Barzilai: Yes. She may vote. Ms. Cox: Okay. I believe I am not allowed to have stay in so I guess I vote in favor. Mr. Hull: Commissioner DeGracia? Mr. DeGracia: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Ho? Mr. Ho: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Otsuka? Ms. Otsuka: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Nogami Streufert? Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. 6 Mr. Hull: Chair Apisa? Chair Apisa: Aye. Mr. Hull: Motion Carried 7:0, Madam Chair. Chair Apisa: Congratulations, Vice Chair Cox. Mr. Ho: Congratulations. Ms. Cox: Thank you. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Congratulations both of you. That is great. Chair Apisa: I would now like to appoint Commissioners to our Subdivision Committee. I would like to appoint Commissioner DeGracia and Commissioner Chiba to the Subdivision Committee and Commissioner DeGracia will serve as the Chair. Do we have a Motion to Approve? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move to approve. Chair Apisa: Second? Ms. Otsuka: I second. Chair Apisa: All in favor? Aye. (Unanimous voice vote). Ms. Streufert: Aye. Ms. Cox: Aye. Mr. Chiba: Aye. Mr. DeGracia: Aye. Chair Apisa: Motion passed 7:0. Mr. Ho: Madam Chair? Madam Chair? Chair Apisa: Yes? 7 Mr. Ho: I would encourage that the mission, the Subdivision Committee seek a third member that is only in case of a tie in the matters of a tie vote that, the tiebreaker be the third person. Yeah. Just, just keep that in mind to seek a third member. Thank you. Chair Apisa: Well Commissioner Ho thank you for bringing that up. It is very in the foremost of our mind and we are hopeful to get a third person. I know this year we yeah. Right. We are - we are hopeful to get a third person, and we want to thank Commissioner Ho. You have been Chair of the Subdivision Committee for a few years now and you have done an outstanding job. We have not any issues. Everything went very smoothly so thank you very much for your tenure on the Subdivision Committee and the Commission too. Mr. Ho: Okay. Kind words. Thank you. Chair Apisa: No. Well, well deserved. Thank you. Thank you. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Thank you, Roy, but are you not still on it Roy? Mr. Ho: Yes, yes. I do have a few months to go. Yes. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Great. Mr. Ho: I do. I am sure. On the – oh— Chair Apisa: I guess I take over the meeting from here. Thank you, Glenda for turning over the gavel. APPROVAL OF AGENDA Chair Apisa: We have approval of the agenda on our, next our agenda approval? Mr. Hull: Chair wait. The Department has no recommended changes to the agenda. Chair Apisa: Do we have a motion to approve the agenda? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I am willing to approve the agenda as submitted. Chair Apisa: I second that motion. All in favor? Aye. (Unanimous voice vote). Ms. Cox: Aye. Ms. Otsuka: Aye. 8 Mr. Chiba: Aye. Mr. Ho: Aye. Chair Apisa: Okay. Any opposed? (None). Motion carried 7:0. MINUTES of the meeting(s) of the Planning Commission Chair Apisa: Minutes of the Planning Commission previous meeting? Mr. Hull: There are no minutes from the previous meeting to be adopted under this agenda Madam Chair. RECEIPT OF ITEMS FOR THE RECORD (None) Chair Apisa: Okay. Any receipt of items for the record? Mr. Hull: There is no items for Receipt of Records at this time. HEARINGS AND PUBLIC COMMENT Chair Apisa: Hearings and public comment. Mr. Hull: Yeah. Madam Chair so as we still are functioning our teleworking standards and rules and procedures, testimony is to be received 24 hour - written testimony is to be received 24 hours in advance for posting. You folks are in receipt of a first addition to the Planning Commission Agenda dated, I’m sorry - first addition to the Planning Commission Agenda which has testimony from Maka’ala Ka’aumoana dated January 7, 2021, and testimony from Carl Imparato dated January 8, 2021, as well as testimony received January 11, 2021, from Karen Diamond. We have no additional testimony received for this agenda. For members of the public that have called in if you would like to speak on any of the agenda items at this time now would be the time to speak. This is just for members of the public, not necessarily applicants. Again if you’re a member of the public that would like to speak I’m going to call out the phone numbers that have called into this meeting, that are not Planning Commissioners or county staff. So area code 808- 245-3681 would you like to testify on any agenda item at this time. Hearing none. Area code 250-423-6741 would you like to testify in any agenda item at this time. Man: No. Mr. Hull: Thank you. Lastly, area code 808-822-4495 would you like to testify on any agenda item at this time. Mr. Les Drent: Yes. We would. Mr. Hull: Okay. Go ahead and - and state your name, uh, for the record and you have three minutes for a testimony. 9 Mr. Drent read his testimony for the record (on file with the Planning Department). Mr. Drent: Hi. This is Les Drent, Tai Erum, and Trevyn Pless with LBD Coffee. This is our testimony. I have a page and a half here so go ahead through it. This is in regards to ZA Zoning, Amendment 2021-1. It’s a bill for an ordinance to amend Chapter 8 to Kauai County Code 1987, as amended relating to uses of agricultural cultural zoning district - in particular agricultural retail stand. Um, well, we have been farming on Kauai for quite some time a couple decades now. And all I can say to this is that it takes a crisis right? Yeah, after 18 years of being denied that the County of Kauai government appears that local overlords are finally going to allow farmers the right to retail their value out of Hawaiian grown products from their farms. We find, you know, we find all this incredible especially since we were first approved for value added retail on our farm in 2003 before being denied that right in the very same year. Near the completion of our coffee farm and our cultural processing room, which was Building Permit 03- 596 that included every other county, state and federal permit, as well as a certified kitchen and value added retail spaces at 400 square feet. We were told that it was an oversight or an error by the Planning Department’s Plan Review, which simply missed that retail aspect which was clearly called out on several pages of our approved building plans and land use permit. So, you know let’s don’t make any mistake here. You know, the issue of agricultural retail on farmland operated by real farmers has been circulating for two decades now and, you know, without any resolution or consideration, uh, of help to it’s farmers. In 2012, you know, we applied and when the state legislature created Rule 57 in the Hawaii Revised Statute 632, which explicitly allows farmers the right to sell their value added products from within an enclosed structure on their farm. That law also stated the counties have the right to further define law in their county zoning ordinances. Well, every other county in Hawaii either followed this State law or further defined it, Kauai County and much to the detriment of its farmers, remained completely silent on the matter. Kauai County has never listed retail stands in its able of land use either permitted or non- permitted or activities that required a use or a special use permit. In 2017, and so completely fed up with the Kauai County’s position on the matter of agricultural retail, LBD Coffee filed a Declaratory Judgement Civil Case No. 17-1-0119, in the Fifth Circuit. Judge Watanabe, in the Fall of 2018, requested in chambers to Kauai County Attorneys, that they bring the matter before Planning Commission. This was never done, and a motion to reinstate the Declaratory Judgement was filed on April (inaudible) 2019, and after the County’s inaction to bring the matter before the Planning Commission. Rather than waiting any longer for the Declaratory Judgement, LBD (inaudible) has filed for a Use permit in agricultural retail in a hearing in front of the Planning Commission and subjected to ten (10) unwritten and unlawful Conditions. In addition to these Conditions, we were hit with an eleventh (11th) Condition near the end of that Hearing. This condition would prevent LBD from selling any agricultural products and reform and does not either grow and/or manufacture that product on the permitted farm. This Condition was nonsensical as we have numerous farms that we either own or lease for crop production. I got two more paragraphs. At that point, we chose to simple wait for the court’s ruling on the matter, rather than subject ourselves to anymore public scrutiny by non-farming neighbors who oppose our activity and a Planning Department who has been dead set against allowing us to sell 10 our Hawaii grown value added products. No other county in Hawaii has exercised such blatant disregard for State law nor has any other county Hawaii stripped its agricultural producers of their rights to sell their goods like Kauai has. In regards to the Kauai County Planning Department, their decisions to land use and permitting has reeked of nepotism, cronyism, and favoritism— Mr. Hull: Mr. Drent, your three minutes is up. Mr. Drent: …for as long as I can remember. I have seen illegal use of our lands by persons in businesses that have zero association to farming and this has occurred under a county government that has willingly turned a blind eye to these activities. If this COVID-19 crisis, which is expected to end this summer brings any meaningful change allowing farmers to retail their value added products then so be it. But the damage that this county has done to us and many others over the last two decades will not be forgotten nor dismissed by your knee jerk reaction to agricultural retail under the guise of getting food to the people. That is all I got to say. Mr. Hull: (Inaudible), Madame Chair. Chair Apisa: All right. Thank you very much for our testimony. You are heard, thank you. Mr. Drent: Thank you. Mr. Hull: There are no other people who have called in in our Planning Commission Meeting, but just to double check is there anybody on the call that has not testified that would like to testify any agenda item at this time? Okay. There are none. Continued Public Hearing New Public Hearing Mr. Hull: There is no New Agency Hearings Continued Public Hearing Zoning Amendment ZA-2020-1: A bill for an ordinance amending Chapter 8, Kauai County Code 1987, as amended, relating to Comprehensive Zoning Ordinance (CZO). The proposal amends Section 8-1.5 and 8-2.4 of the CZO to Definitions and Tables of Users, respectively = Kauai, County Council. [Director’s Report received, hearing continued 12/8/20.] Mr. Hull: Moving on to the Continued Public Hearings G.3., ZA 2021-1 A bill from the ordinance amending Chapter 8, Kauai County Code 1987 as amended relating to the Conference of Zoning Ordinance. The proposal amends Section 8.1.5 and 8. 2.4 of the CZO, definitions and tables of users respectively, the Applicant is the Kauai County Council. This Zoning Amendment was up before the Planning Commission back in December. The Department is supportive of the 11 proposal. There were a couple catches ultimately that necessitated some edits to be made. Ultimately the draft bill proposes a few different things one, proposes new definitions for agriculture retail stand and outright permitting them on agricultural land as certain size and also proposes a new definition for botanical gardens, farmer’s markets, food processing and packaging of agricultural products, restaurant and food services, and zoological gardens. Ultimately, the Department has brought this bill back to the Commission with a few edits. One, clarifying specific that restaurant and food services on agricultural lands need to have a connection either with the properties farming activities or as for the properties of associated farm to apply for the use permit. As well as there, was clarification needed to specify that the botanical and zoological gardens listed and the subsequent definition for that specifically addressed the fact that these are commercial operations. Then lastly, there was some concern brought up by the Commission about the zoological garden definition and the use of cages so there is now just only a reference to large enclosures for animals in the zoological gardens definition. These are relatively small, but necessary clean up that, the Department made and ultimately we are recommending an approval. You folks have the draft bill in front of you, so we are available for any questions or concerns. Chair Apisa: So, is there, does any of the Commissioners have any questions or comments? Ms. Nogami Streufert: Yeah. I do. Donna this is Glenda. Thank you, Kaaina and your staff for reviewing some of the concerns that we had last time and for making these changes in the amendments to this for this ruling so thank you very much. Mr. Ho: Madam Chair? Madam Chair please, could I have some clarification Kaaina, if certain portions of the list that’s submitted to us and we find objection to it, the list can proceed through the process with the objections taken out and at later time can it be reconsidered and then passed and put back into your list? Mr. Hull: So ultimately, a zoning amendment is a policy change that requires County final review and action. So if a Commissioner had had an objection to some of the draft bill and would like to make a request or a motion to remove certain sections of it, that can be proposed right now to see if the Commission feels appropriate. And if in the affirmative the Commission say there’s four votes in the affirmative to amend the draft bill then that draft bill ultimately if adopted, will go up to the Council with the changes. If the Commission itself were to again, alter those changes subsequent to the draft bill going back to Council will necessitate the introduction of a new draft will be all. Mr. Ho: A whole draft not just the amendment that was stricken? Mr. Hull: Yes. It would have to be a completely new draft bill. Just because after you folks are done reviewing it, like a said it goes up to Council and they take action. So if any stricken language wanted to be put back in, it can be done it just necessitates the initiation of the (inaudible) bill. 12 Mr. Ho: Thank you. Mr. Hull: Thanks, Commissioner. Ms. Cox: Given what you just said, Kaaina, this is Helen. I am wondering about the retail sales. Because the restaurant and food services make it clear that, the produce or what’s being sold has to be related to the farm, but the restaurant and food service, sorry, the retail sales doesn’t have that same Conditions. So I am just wondering, in my worst fear, we have a million T-shirts and mugs you know, a whole bunch of things that have nothing to do with agriculture being sold. Mr. Hull: I think the point is well taken. I know that came across in one of the testimonies that was submitted. For the retail sales, one, there is still the requirement of a use permit as well as any retail sails that are not associated with a farm operation or an agricultural activity. It still has to grow through a special permit process and discretionary review by the Planning Commission, and in reviewing say, “nonfarm related retail sales” the Commission still has to make the Determination that it won’t negatively impact say, “agricultural activities” on the property currently and in the future. As well as it does not run counter to the agriculture policies established under the Hawai’i Revised Statutes. The reason we left it in is, because there are things like the Department has entertained in the past or the Commissioners has entertained in the pass. Say like, a feed lot or an animal feed store or things that may be associated with agricultural activities but not per say connected to a specific farm may still be desirable to (inaudible) on agricultural lands and that’s why it was kind of left in there, as a possibility with a use permit. So that is again, it goes for discretionary by you folks to see if it still runs in alignment with the policies or agricultural lands. Ms. Cox: So just for clarification then, I think understand. So the restaurants and food services that has to have the percentage of or it has to be associated even if they’re coming for a use permit? Mr. Hull: Correct. Ms. Cox: But for retail, they could bring some other idea and we would look at it at that point? Mr. Hull: Correct. Ms. Cox: Okay. Thank you. Mr. Ho: Madam Chair, I think, I don’t know I maybe connected with this but I think it’s a, oh would I put it, it’s a matter of enforcement. Does the, is this passing this bill would that enforcement is this passing this bill that enforcement now fall back on the Planning Department who have to look to go out and actually check that these items are, you know, what the Conditions were met? I find that pretty hard. Mr. Hull: Sorry Commissioner Ho, just to clarify, are you talking about nonagricultural retail sales that get a use permit or are you talking about restaurant sales that are not connected with a farm? 13 Mr. Ho: Restaurant - the restaurants - the restaurants are how, you know, you become, like, I don’t know - what - you - you would become what - food police? I don’t - I wouldn’t want that for the Department. Mr. Hull: No. Yeah. It’s an interesting concept. I think in a desire to try to, I think as the last speaker attested to there are farmers that have operations that could either feed into a value added strategy and marketing for Ag retail stand. As well as possibly for a restaurant aspect. I think you folks received some testimony recommending or encouraging the Commission adopt the very specific percentage or threshold, of agriculture all agricultural products used in say the food services. And that’s where we believe in the overall picture of that in the large scale policy of that, to ensure that it’s predominantly from the farm itself. But from what I think you’re getting at Commissioner Ho, is making that determination of vegetables and product at a specific threshold of say 80% or 50% or what have you. That is not unenforceable or very hard to get at. And that’s why I think just saying that it is the food products that are sold at the retail or restaurant, sorry the restaurants and food services, is predominantly from the property or it’s just associated farm. Is getting at the heart of can we make a determination? Should the Planning Commission give a use permits to one of these restaurant? If we go out there and inspect if there is complaints and sometimes complaints are being had. When we go out there and inspect and while we are looking, is there the intention of livestock or produce produced from the farm? Is it still being predominantly being used or are they using say, “a leaf of lettuce” and everything else is brought in from the mainland or wherever? You know, it is a certain (inaudible) check, but at least getting at the intention of it should there seem to be apparent abuse. We would then bring it back to the Planning Commission for it’s determination as to whether the restaurant food service operation meets the spirit of the intention of this to provide for a sales venue for again, agriculture products that are predominantly brought or established from the property or the associated farm. So, does that make sense? I know it was a little muddy. Mr. Ho: It leaves, it leaves a, where is, decision making to the us Commissioners. I think you put into kind of a gray area. I just, I think it’s, the way, my personal opinion. Just the way that Kauai County is needs what it can get, I pretty much would left this Skate. Yeah. That is it. That is it for me. Mr. Hull: And thank you Commissioner and, I mean, I definitely agree with you. It is a bit of a gray area. I think to what some of the previous testifiers spoke to as far as trying to free up and I know there was a lot of frustration from him and his farm with the way that the county has handled farmers in the past. I think some of this is recognizing that there should be some attributes of being able to bring value added goods and sell them on the property. It does put the County and the Commission into a grey area in particular. I think we will be able to prevent outright abuse if they come say for a use permit and they open up an equivalent of an Olive Garden that is entirely sourced from the mainland right. Like, that, we can easily and literally go after. But some of that gray areas, I think you’re right on the money Commissioner Ho, in saying, it’s not going to be easy from an implementation standpoint, if there are, you know, minor or smaller abuses made. However, from the Department’s position it’s at least an attempt to provide that venue for farmers and their operations, which they haven’t had before. 14 Ms. Cox: You know, again I agree It’s a gray area, but I also believe that it’s the right way to go. I’ve been associated with the KCC Farmer’s Market of course since it’s been sectioned and you know, we also said it had to be local and in fact what happened was and if there were complaints that, you know, someone was going to Costco and bringing boxes of papayas from there to sell. We did in fact, you know, speak to the farmer and say they couldn’t do that and so, you know, I’m sure little abuses will get passed. But I also think that this the right way to go and I do believe that actually the people on Kauai care enough that if they see large abuses we will hear about it. Chair Apisa: Mm-hm. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Right. Deputy County Attorney Laura Barzilai: Commissioners if I may weigh in with what Kaaina has commented on, the special permit process. I am comfortable with the language as drafted and I do believe that the public good outweighs the enforcement concerns of this bill and I agree with Commission Cox that if there are violations we will hear about them. There will be reports that can be addressed. Chair Apisa: Anyone else have any comment or input or questions? Mr. Ho: Just one for Kaaina in the Planning on the Department side. Food standards - how does that affect your density on the property and use of it? Mr. Hull: It will not affect it at all. As far as density in terms of residential dwellings, Agriculture probably is more qualified for and a lot of amount farm dwellings given the respective size of the lot with a cap at five (5) well units. But having a farm stand or an Ag retail stand won’t affect the dens, the dwelling density capacity and overall intensification of the land agricultural lots are generally relatively large as far as the lot coverage issue because this is at least for the ministerial purposes this capped out at 1,000 square feet. It really should be nominal in the lot coverage issue ofan agricultural lot. Mr. Ho: One final question Kaaina. It concerns farm workers housing. Could that, could that be a Condition that a guy says, “I need the worker that mans the food retail station, he needs a place to stay,” and that would be justification for farm workers housing? Mr. Hull: The agricultural lot says as I just said earlier qualified for farm dwellings and farm Dwellings the original intention of them are to house either the owner of the property and the farmers working the property. Now granted with the way the Hawaii State Lobby defines farm and the fact that these farm dwellings are ministerial and have to be approved over the counter bwe have seen a lot of abuse of farm dwellings and general estates using that somewhat loophole of a loose definition of farms because their farm dwellings built and living in them. So in response to that the County Council several years ago did adopt a farm worker housing ordinance that allows for additional density beyond the residential density allowed on a particular agricultural lot. But they have to cap out on those farm dwellings before they apply for the farm worker housing and the farm worker housing necessitates demonstrating that the 15 farm or associated property generated $35,000 in gross sales on agricultural products. So this won’t affect their change for public housing. Sorry. I am going to ask a few (inaudible). Please mute your microphones folks that have called in otherwise we are going to have to meet you folks from our end, thank you. So back to the question. The question of will the agricultural stand affect farm worker housing. It will not change qualifications. Sorry guys. You need to mute your microphones or I will mute it on my end. Okay. So the question of farm worker housing and whether that will affect or whether or not the agricultural retail stand will affect farm worker housing, it won’t. But I can say that there have been some complaints over the past about farmers that would like to live on their property before generating the sales, and the farm worker housing ordinance doesn’t allow that. So now with the retail sales being permissible on the land it might avail itself to be able to have that farm generate the necessary gross sales for farm worker housing at a quicker rate possibly, but it won’t at this point it won’t deter or further expedite a farm worker housing application. Mr. Ho: Thank you. Chair Apisa: Are there any further comments? Kaaina just to clarify, what I heard you say as a that you were just talk in’ about farm worker housing and not the farm dwelling itself right now correct? Mr. Hull: Correct. Chair Apisa: Okay. Wanted to clarify. Thank you. Hearing no further comment, are we ready for, there is no presenter here so are we ready for a promotion? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move to accept or approve the Zoning Amendment ZA-2021-1. Ms. Otsuka: I second. Chair Apisa: We have a Motion on the floor any, no further discussion we are all in favor? Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. Mr. Chiba: Aye. Mr. DeGracia: Aye. Chair Apisa: I did not hear everybody’s aye. Do we have any opposed? I think people might be on mute. Should we do a roll call Kaaina? I did not hear a lot of aye’s. Mr. Hull: We can do a roll call Madam Chair. Chair Apisa: Thank you. 16 Mr. Hull: On the Motion to Approve ZA-2021-1, Commissioner Chiba? Mr. Chiba: Is he calling me? This is Mel Chiba. I vote aye. Mr. Hull: Thanks. Thank you Commissioner. Commissioner Cox? Ms. Cox: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner DeGracia? Mr. DeGracia: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Ho? Mr. Ho: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Otsuka? Ms. Otsuka: Aye. Mr. Hull: Commissioner Streufert? Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. Mr. Hull: Chair Apisa? Chair Apisa: Aye. Mr. Hull: Motion passed 7:0. Madam Chair. Chair Apisa: Thank you very much. New Public Hearing Mr. Hull: We have no New Public Hearing, Madame Chair. All remaining public testimony pursuant to HRS 92 (Sunshine Law) CONSENT CALENDAR Mr. Hull: We have no Consent Calendar items. Status Reports Mr. Hull: We have no Status Reports or Director’s Reports for projects scheduled for Agency Hearing. 17 Director’s Report(s) for Project(s) Scheduled for Agency Hearing. EXECUTIVE SESSION Pursuant to Hawaii Revised Statutes Sections 92-5(a)(2 and 4), the purpose of this executive session is to discuss matters pertaining to the annual evaluation of the Planning Director. This session pertains to the evaluation of the Planning Director’s work performance where consideration of matters affecting privacy will be involved. Further, to consult with legal counsel regarding powers, duties, privileges, and/or liabilities of the Planning Commission as it relates to the evaluation of the Planning Director. Mr. Hull: Now moving on to the Executive Session. I will turn it over, sorry. I did not give Laura a heads up on this but I will turn it over to Laura for the Executive Session. We generally have the County Attorney read the Executive Session language to go into Executive Session. Ms. Barzilai: Pursuant to Hawaii Revised Statute Section 92-5 (a)(2 and 4), the purpose of this Executive Session is to discuss matters pertaining to the annual evaluation of the Planning Director. This session pertains to the evaluation of the Planning Director’s work performance where consideration of matters affecting privacy will be involved. Further to consult with legal counsel regarding powers, duties, privileges and/or liabilities of the Planning Commission as it relates to the evaluation of the Planning Director. Chair Apisa: Thank you. Then do we have a Motion to adjourn to executive session. Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move that we adjourn to the Executive Session and then when that is completed to return to do we want to return back to the, I guess we just— Chair Apisa: Yes. Ms. Nogami Streufert: And we will return back to the general session? Chair Apisa: Yes. Ms. Barzilai: Yes. Ms. Cox: I second that Motion. Chair Apisa: Okay. All in favor? Aye. (Unanimous voice vote). Ms. Cox: Aye. Ms. Otsuka: Aye. Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. 18 Chair Apisa: Any opposed? (None). Motion passed 7:0. We will adjourn to Executive Session and then return it to our general session. So, Kaaina do we disconnect and then reconnect or just connect through Executive and then come back to this, re-log in to this one? Mr. Hull: Yes. The Commission moved into Executive Session at 9:54 a.m. The Commission returned to Open Session at 11:26 a.m. Chair Apisa: Call the meeting back to order after Executive Session. Ms. Apisa: Okay. Let me get back to that agenda. Okay. Well, I think we are just about to the end of our agenda. There is, Kaaina I assume no General Business Matters or Communication? GENERAL BUSINESS MATTERS Mr. Hull: There is no General Business Matters. COMMUNICATIONS (For Action) Mr. Hull: Mr. Hull: There is no Communications for Action. COMMITTEE REPORTS Subdivision Mr. Hull: Yeah. Correct Chair. There is just the Committee Report left, and I believe Commission DeGracia is now appointed the Subdivision Chair. If he is ready to give the report or if—? Mr. DeGracia: Yes, that will be fine. So, we had one meeting. All the members on the Subdivision was present today. Under New Business, it was approved the tentative to Subdivision Extension Request for Application Salvatore F. and Jo-Ann Dileonardo, Trust was approved. Chair Apisa: May I have a motion to approve the Subdivision Committee Report? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move to approve this Subdivision Commission Report. Mr. Ho: Second. Chair Apisa: All in favor? Aye. (Unanimous voice vote). Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. Mr. Ho: Aye. 19 Mr. Chiba: Aye. Ms. Otsuka: Aye. Chair Apisa: Any opposed? (None). The Motion carried 7:0. UNFINISIHED BUSINESS ( For Action) Chair Apisa: No Unfinished Business? Is that correct Kaaina? NEW BUSINESS Chair Apisa: No New Business? Mr. Hull: No New Business Madame Chair. For Action - See Agenda F for Project Descriptions ANNOUNCEMENTS Topics for Future Meetings The following regularly scheduled Planning Commission meeting will be held at 9:00 a.m., or shortly thereafter on February 09, 2021. The Planning Commission anticipates meeting via teleconference but will announce its intended meeting method via agenda electronically posted at least six days prior to the meeting date. Chair Apisa: Are there any announcements? Mr. Hull: Announcements or topics for future meetings from the Department scheduling standpoint. We have a handful of relatively smaller use permit applications or amendments. We have Kauai Habitat for Humanity is coming in in the next month or two for a residential project in Kapa’a. We have an amendment to a green waste facility over on Moloaa. We’ve got a small commercial operation amendment for an existing permit over in Kilauea and Eleele Church expansion proposal. As well as over the next three to four months we will, the Department will probably be embarking on a fair amount of administrative interpretive rules. I think over the past two years that was a Commission has partake, has participated in and initiated some, to a certain degree. We have got a lot of policy changes over the last two years, a very robust amount of policy changes. And so many of those policy changes were adopted with the County Council and signs the law in the past two years, and from an implementation standpoint there needs to be for some of these changes additional administrative rules implemented. So we’ll be introducing some administrative rules concerning guesthouses and dwellings, kitchens, as well as enforcement within the near future here. Also just to put on your radar, if it already isn’t. We also have the Hanalei Bay Resort Director determinate our Planning Commission Review and 20 determinations to whether or not a public hearing is necessary and so that one is scheduled for March. And as many of you not but probably all remember that well can and will probably be a fairly lengthy and complex process. Other than that, that is kind of, what we have. If Commissioners would like to bring up other topics or issues to place on the agenda, we can definitely review that as well with the Chair. Chair Apisa: Kaaina just if I could ask the question about the HBR, the Hanalei Bay Resort, because the attorney did ask that I recuse myself because my company has some listings in there. Then would our Vice Chair Cox would take over that portion of the meeting or do I still Chair it? Mr. Hull: That would be correct. Vice Chair Cox would Chair that particular agenda item when it comes up in March. Chair Apisa: Right. I just more or less wanted to give you a little heads up on that Kaaina. Ms. Cox: Thank you. I have been given the heads up, but I want to make sure that Laura also has a heads up, because Laura I am going to need to talk to you, prior to the meeting just so I make sure I connected appropriately on that agenda item. Ms. Barzilai: No problem. Looking forward to it. ADJOURNMENT Chair Apisa: Okay. Motion to, uh, adjourn? Ms. Nogami Streufert: I move to adjourn. Ms. Cox: I second. Mr. Ho: Second. Chair Apisa: All right. All in favor? Aye. (Unanimous voice vote). Ms. Nogami Streufert: Aye. Mr. Chiba: Aye. Ms. Cox: Aye. Mr. Ho: Aye. Mr. DeGracia: Aye. 21 Chair Apisa: Meeting adjourned. Motion Carried 7:0. Laura thank you very much. Welcome aboard and you have been great. Thank you. Ms. Cox: Yeah. Ms. Barzilai: Thank you so much. Chair Apisa: Yeah. Thank you everybody. Mr. Hull: Thank you all also. Chair Apisa: adjourned the meeting at 11:31 a.m. Respectfully submitted by: _________________________ Arleen Kuwamura, Commission Support Clerk ( ) Approved as circulated (add date of meeting approval) ( ) Approved as amended. See minutes of __________ meeting. Ka'aina S.Hull Director of Planning Jodi A.Higuchi Sayegusa Deputy Director of Planning I.SUMMARY Action Required by PIanning Commission: COUNTY OF KAUA'I PLANNING DEPARTMENT DIRECTOR'S REPORT Consideration of Class IV Zoning &Use Permits to allow conversion of a commercial/retail space into a residential unit. Permit Application Nos.Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2022-2 Use Permit U-2022-2 Name of Applicant(s)JOHN &ELIZABETH VON KRUSENSTE1RN Jonathan J.Chun,Esq.,Authorized Agent II.PERMIT INFORMATION PERMITS REQUIRED Use Permit Pursuant to Section 2.2.070 H.of the West Kaua'i Form- Based Code,a Use Permit is a procedural requirement to allow deviations from the development standards contained within the T4 Village Center (T4VC)Transect. Project Development Use Permit I1 Variance Permit Special Permit Zoning Permit Class ISIiv am Pursuant to Section 8-8.4 ofthe KCC,1987,as amended,a Class IV Zoning Permit is a procedural requirement for development of commercial zoned property that is greater than one (1)acre ill size. I1 Special Management Area Permit DUse [_]Minor AMENDMENTS I1 Zoning Amendment General Plan Amendment State Land Use District Amendment Q.:^' SEP 1 4 202; Date of Receipt of Completed August 2,2021 Application: Date ofDirector's Report:September 14,2021 Date ofPubIic Hearing: Deadline Date for PC to Take Action (60 Day): III.PROJECTDATA SEPTEMBER28,2021 November 13,2021 IV.LEGAL REQUIREMENTS Section 8-3.1(f),KCC:This report is being transmitted to the Applicant and Planning Commission in order to satisfy the Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2:Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 0903.2021 2 |Page PROJECT INFORAMTION Parcel Location:3731 Hanapepe Road,Hanapepe Town.The parcel is situated on the mauka side of Hanapepe,approx.550 north of the Hanapepe Road/Hana Road intersection. Tax Map Key(s):1-9-004:015 Area:6,808 square feet (SF) ZONING &DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS Zoning:T4 Village Center (T4VC) State Land Use District:Urban General Plan Designation:Neighborhood Center Height Limit:35 feet Max.Land Coverage:80%max. Parking Requirement:Per Section West Kauai FBC,Section 2.2.070 F., 1 stall per 1,500 gross square feet (gsf)minimum The existing building contains 3,561 SF of residential space.Based on the requirement noted above,the project As proposed,the development requires a total of two (2)off-street parking stalls. As proposed,the Applicant is proposing SEVEN (7)off-street parking stalls. Front Setback:O feet min,10 feet max. Rear Setback:10 feet min Side Setback:O feet min,10 feet max. Community Plan Area:West Kaua'i Community Plan (WKCP) Community Plan Land Use Designation: T4VC Deviations or Variances Requested:Yes.To allow residential use on the ground floor. requirements ofSection 8-3.l(f),relating to the provision of the Planning Director's report and recommendation on the subject proposal within sixty (60)days of the filing of a completed application.The application was received on August 2,2021,and the Applicant,through its authorized agent,was notified accordingly of the PIanning Department's intent to commence permit processing. ComnusSionMeetingDate:SEFTEMBER28,2021 V.PROJECT DESCRIPTION AND USE The project involves the renovation of an existing commercial/retail building in l-1anapepe Town that converts a retail space on the ground floor into a residential unit. The County's Tax Assessment records indicate the building was built circa.1938 and contains two (2)non-conforming residential units that pre-dated the adoption of the Comprehensive Zoning Ordinance (CZO).The residential units are considered "grandfathered." As represented in the Applicant's Floor Plan (refer to Exhibit 'H'of the Application),the retail area located on the ground floor of the building and along Hanapepe Road that is approximately 1,440 SF shall be converted into a residential unit.The proposed development will be the fourth residential apartment unit within the building. There will be a total of three (3)residential units on the ground floor and a single unit at the upper floor area.The area ofthe project is broken as follows: o Apartment #1 (Proposed):Measures 36'x 40'and features a Lanai along Hanapepe Road. o Apartment #2:Contains 2 Bedrooms,1 Full Bath,Kitchen and Living Room o Apartment#3:(Measures 18'x 42')Contains 1 Bedroom,1 Full Bath,Kitchen, and Living Room. o Apartment #4:(Measures 36'x 40')Contains 2 Bedroom,1 Full Bath,Kitchen, Living Room,and Lanai. It is noted that all ofthe residential apartment units have their own entrance.The Applicant did not disclose in their Application the number of bedrooms that will be included within Apartment #1,however,the total area is very similar to Apartment #4 located on the upper floor. Exhibit 'I'of the Application represents a total of seven (7)off-street parking stalls, however,it is uncertain as to whether vehicles can gain access to the rear portion of the subject property.In addition,the Applicant is providing a bicycle rack for its tenants. Z-tV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09,03,2021 3|Page VI.APPLICANT'S REASONS/JUSTIFICATION Please refer to sections of the application. VII.FINDINGS 1.Project Site &Surroundings The site is situated on the westem edge of the historic Hanapepe Town Core strip and immediately abutting the Hanapepe River along its westem boundary.It is near the mauka (inland)crossing bridge over Hanapepe River.The project site is situated immediately across the street from the former Ueoka Store (TMK:1-9-005:006)and surrounded by commercial/retail uses.They contain a mixture ofuses ranging from hair salon,professional office,and retail stores. The nearest residential development is approximately 500 feet to the northwest (within Hanapepe Valley and along Awawa Road. 2.Flood Zones The general topography of the project site is relatively flat,containing a gentle slope from east to west,in the direction of the Hanapepe River.The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)Flood Insurance Map shows the project site is situated within the flood zone identified as Zone 'X'.FEMA has identified those areas within the Zone "X"are determined to be outside the 0.2%annual chance floodplain.It is also noted that the subject property as well as properties along the Hanapepe River are protected by the levee system along the riverbank. 3.Existing Land Use Permits The following information represents land use approvals/permits associated with the subject property: o CIass IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-77-35,Use Permit U-77-18 -This application received approval by the Planning Commission on June 22,1977,and it authorized a deviation from the commercial parking requirements. 4.Kaua'i General Plan (GP) The General Plan designation for the subject property is "NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER."The Neighborhood Center designation is focused on historic town cores and corresponds to existing or future areas appropriate for accommodating infill development and growth.In this district,it consists of a mixed-use core with a cluster of retail and service activity,civic spaces,and primary destinations,along with residential uses.This core area can support an interconnected network of streets and blocks that encourage multimodal transportation access.Centers typically comprise a mix of detached and attached buildings between 1 -5 stories in height. Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 0903.2021 4 |P a ge 5.West Kaua'i Community Plan (WKCP1 The subject property is covered by policies and development standards contained within the West Kaua'i Community Plan,Article 3 ofChapter 10,Kaua'i County Code (1987).More specifically,the project will be subjected to the standards contained in the West Kaua'i Form-Based Code (FBC),Appendix "C"of the WKCP,Section 2.2.070. 6.Vehicular Access The primary access to the project is through Hanapepe Road,which is a County roadway,and it is presently wide enough to accommodate two-way vehicular traffic. An existing driveway connecting into Hanapepe Road provides egress/ingress to the project site. VIII.AGENCY COMMENTS Attached as Exhibit 'A'. IX.PRELIMINARY EVALUATION In evaluating the Applicant's development proposal,the following aspects are being considered: 1.Hawai'i Revised Statutes (HRS) a.HRS Section 226,also known as the Hawai'i State Plan,is a long-range comprehensive plan that serves as a guide for the future long-range development of the State by identifying goals,objectives,policies,and priorities,as well as implementation mechanisms. b.The proposed development is in accordance with the following goals of the Hawai'i State Plan in that: 1)A strong,viable economy,characterized by stability,diversity,and growth,that enables the fulfillment of the needs and expectations of Hawaii's present and future generations. 2)A desired physical environment,characterized by beauty, cleanliness,quiet,stable natural systems,and uniqueness,that enhances the mental and physical well-being ofthe people. 3)Physical,social,and economic well-being,for individuals and families in Hawaii,that nourishes a sense of community responsibility,ofcaring,and of participation in community life. 2.General Plan a.The County General Plan (2018)acts as an over-arching values statement and provides a policy framework for the Kaua'i Island Plan and Community Plans within a twenty-year timeframe.The County General PIan provides broad goals, Z-IV-2022-2.U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.03.202] 5 |Page objectives,policies,and implementing actions that portray the desired direction of the County's future. b.The proposed development is in accordance with the goals,objectives,and policies ofthe Kaua'i General Plan as demonstrated below: 1)Goal #1:Promote a Sustainable Island Objective:Improve the stewardship ofthe natural environment Policies: o The project is an example of responsible growth for an area that is designated for a mixture of commercial and residential uses. o It would fulfill the vision to create a live,work,and play lifestyle. 2)Goal #2:Stewardship and Protection of Unique and Beautiful Place Objective:Share kuleana,or responsibility to care for and protect treasured resources,traditions,and qualities of the natural,built,and human environment. o The project would complement the natural,cultural,social and built environmental assets of the Hanapepe community by providing a model environment to live,work,and play within West Kaua'i as well as the Hanapepe Town Core. o The proposal would be consistent with similar and historic uses in the area as well as development policies that is envisioned for the area. 3)Goal #3:Healthy and Resilient People Objective:Increase resilience and vitality of communities and improve natural,built,and social environment to promote better health outcomes. o As proposed,the project embraces the walkable community that was envisioned by the West Kaua'i Community Plan as well as the General Plan. 4)Goal #4:Equitable PIace,with Opportunity for All Objective:Foster diverse and equitable communities with vibrant economies,access to jobs and housing,and a high quality of life. o o o Similarly,the project supports and enhances economic and business opportunities by providingjobs for new business as well as affordable housing units. The project would add value to the town core by offering an opportunity to live,work,and play. The proposal supports the economy of the town core by having its residents support the local businesses in the area and offers its Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.032021 6 |Pag e residents altemative modes of transportation since it is in close proximity to the town core and public transportation along the main highway. o The project creates and fosters thriving commercial areas in the Town Center through improved infrastructure,civic space,and streetscapes. 5)Policies of the GP:The Applicanthas demonstrated the project's conformance to the policies contained in Section 1.4 of the General Plan. The discussion begins on Page 16,Section 8.4 ofthe Application. c.The project is consistent with the Neighborhood Center GP designation in that it serves as an opportunity to revitalize the Hanapepe Town Core by providing an opportunity for its residents to work,live,and play.What makes this project desirable is that it is centrally located to services and public transportation.With the Neighborhood Center designation,residents can take advantage of commercial amenities and recreational activities in the area.Furthermore,the project would economically diversify the neighborhood by adding permanent housing targeting a variety of incomes in an urban neighborhood comprising of retail businesses and govemment services. 2.West Kaua'i Communitv PIan (WKCP) a.As proposed,the project would be consistent with the Hanapepe Town Plan Community Vision of the WKCPs that reads,"The vision for Hanapepe is to protect the existing historic buildings,develop supportive infrastructure and facilities to enhance the commercial environment,and improve the livability ofthe residential neighborhoods.Small-scale develop,along with additional shared spaces,will produce a more walkable,mixed-use environment." b.Due to the project's centralized location,the project can be considered "distinct yet connected"since it is adjacent to well-travelled roadways that connects to commercial/retail facilities at the nearby shopping mall in Ele'ele &Port Allen,as well as commercial operations along the main highway in Hanapepe Town. c.The project is consistent with the sustainable strategies contained in the County s community plans with regards to the "10 Minute Walk."The strategy ensures that growth occurs near existing community centers to avoid sprawl and to accommodate anticipated housing needs at densities appropriate to the specific towns. d.Residential Density The properties that are immediately adjacent to the subject property are commercially zoned;the CZO designation is General Commercial District (C-G). As represented,the Applicant will be converting a retail space at the ground floor into a residential apartment and as a result,there will be a total of four (4) residential units on the property.With the form-based code standards that are 7|Page Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09,03.2021 f. applicable to the property,there are no assigned density as long as the developments that occur on the parcel comply with the standards specified in Section 2.2.070 ofthe West Kaua'i Form-Based Code.As proposed,the project meets the criteria. Compatibility As previously noted,the project site is situated within the Transect T4 Village Center (T4VC).While the project is subjected to the design standards reflected in Section 2.2.070,the overall design of this project reflects and incorporates the historic architectural elements of the area.The site is surrounded by many historic buildings that define the Hanapepe town core and more importantly,its location is a part ofthe well-known "historic town core." A Use Permit was triggered since residential uses are not allowed on the ground floor within the T4VC,except when it is located behind an allowed ground floor use.As previously mentioned,the other three residential uses were grand-fathered. Prior to the adoption of the WKCP,it is noted that the zoning designation of subject parcel was C-G District,and with the recent amendments to the CZO,the proposed residential use would have now been an outright permitted use in that zoning district.Given that,the project would have met the Use Permit criteria established in Section 8-3.2(e)of the Kaua'i County Code (1987)and been compatible with the surrounding uses. As proposed,there will be no additions made to the structure.However,the Applicant is encouraged to utilize similar materials for the residential conversion in order to maintain the historical integrity of the building and to integrate the project with its surroundings. Off-Street Parking The development standards for the project are managed by the standards contained in the West Kauai FBC,Section 2.2.070.It specifies 1 stall per 1,500 gross square feet (gsQ.Based on the cumulative residential area of the project (approx.3,561 SF) and applying the foregoing standard,the project would require two (2)off-street parking stalls. However based on the size ofthe parcel,the department has reservations with regards to the provision of off-street parking for the residential units.In further considering the project and applying the CZO parking requirements,the project could be evaluated as a multiple-family residential project and thus requiring 1.5 stalls per residential/dwelling unit.Based on this standard,the project would require six (6)off-street parking stalls. As represented,the Applicant shall provide a total ofseven (7)off-street parking stalls and accommodations for bicycle racks for the project.Additionally,the Applicant is made aware that the PIanning Director may increase parking requirements when particular uses or locations occur in areas where unusual traffic Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.032021 8|Page congestion or conditions exist or are projected. Other factors to consider relative to the integration of the proposed development at this location are noted as follows: 3.Infrastructure The department is awaiting comments from various govemment agencies relating to the infrastructure serving this development.While infrastructure issues are generally resolved between the Applicant and respective agencies,certain issues warrant further discussion and analysis: a.Wastewater Treatment There is no public sewer available to the subject property.The State Department of Health (DOH)and County Department of Public Works (DPW) have not provided their recommendations for the project as it relates to wastewater capacity.As such,the Applicant would be advised that this issue should be resolved prior to submittal of any building permit application for any of the proposed buildings in the development. b.FIood/Drainage The department has not received DPW's recommendations for the project relating to drainage.A Drainage Study may be necessary to evaluate the impacts of stomi ninoff because of the development.Prior to permitting,the Applicant is advised that this issue be resolved prior to submittal of any building permit application. 4.Agencv Comments The Applicant should resolve and comply with all agency requirements as recommended in the permit application review,including but not limited to the fire code requirements as imposed by the County Fire Department, drainage/flood requirements for DPW-Engineering Division,wastewater requirements for the State Department of Health (DOH),and the archaeological/ historical requirements of the State Historic Preservation Division (SHPD). 5.Native Hawaiian Traditional and_Cultural Rights It is noted that the project site was previously disturbed since it is within an urban in the town core.While there wasn't a requirement prior to any development to conduct an Archaeological Inventory Survey at the time project was initially constructed in the 1970's,there has been no unexpected archaeological discoveries or any known impacts to Native Hawai'i Traditional and Cultural Practices on the subject property.However, the Applicant has been informed to contact the State Historic Preservation Division and Planning Department if they receive any knowledge of or discover any cultural/ historical resources. It is uncertain as to whether the Applicant has made provisions for night illumination with the project,based on the preliminary plans that have been submitted.If so,night 9 |P age Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.03.2021 illumination should be designed to minimize adverse impacts on the Federally Listed Threatened Species,Newell's Shearwater,and other seabirds.Night lighting should be shielded from above and directed downwards and shall be approved by the U.S.Dept.of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service.If extemal lighting is to be used in connection with the proposed project,all extemal lighting should be only ofthe following type:downward- facing shielded lights.Spotlights aimed upward or spotlighting of structures is prohibited. X.PRELIMINARY CONCLUSION Based on the foregoing findings and evaluation,it is concluded that through proper mitigative measures and compliance efforts,the proposed development is appropriate relative to the provision of providing altemative housing opportunities within Hanapepe Town. It is further concluded that in anticipating the agency requirements from the State DOH and County DPW,various technical requirements relating to infrastructure improvements need to be resolved during the land use permit process and prior to building permit application. The Applicant should institute the "Best Management Practices"to ensure that the operation ofthis facility does not generate impacts that may affect the health,safety,and welfare ofthose in the surrounding area ofthe proposal. XI.PRELMINARY RECOMMENDATION Based on the foregoing evaluation and conclusion,it is hereby recommended that the proposed development involving the conversion of the commercial/retail space into a residential unit through Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2022-2 and Use Permit U-2022-2 be APPROVED with the following conditions: 1.The project and its amenities shall be constructed and operated as represented.Any changes to the subject buildings and/or operations shall be reviewed by the Department to determine whether Planning Commission review and action is required. 2.As represented,the Applicant shall provide a total of seven (7)off-street parking stalls and accommodations for bicycle parking &storage for the project.However, the Applicant is made aware that the PIanning Director may increase vehicle and bicycle-parking requirements when particular uses or locations occur in areas where unusual traffic congestion or conditions exist or are projected. 3.At the time of building permit application,an Environmental Impact Assessment fee of $1,000 shall be paid pursuant to Section 11A ofthe Kauai County Code. 4.Prior to building permit application,the Applicant shall resolve the following infrastructure requirements to the satisfaction of the respective agency,and shall 10 1 Pag e Z-IV-2022.2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.03.202] submit corresponding communication to the PIanning Department that addresses these matters: a.Wastewater treatment for the project through the State Department of Health (DOH)and County Department of Public Works (DPW); and b.Flood &drainage requirements for the project through the County DPW. 5.In order to minimize adverse impacts on the Federally Listed Threatened Species, Newell's Shearwater and other seabirds,all extemal lighting shall be only of the following types:downward-facing shielded lights.Any spotlights aimed upward or spotlighting of structures,landscaping,or the ocean shall be prohibited. 6.The Applicant shall comply with the fire code requirements as imposed by the County Fu'e Department,drainage/flood requirements for DPW-Engineering Division, wastewater requirements for the State Department of Health (DOH),and the archaeological/historical requirements of the State Historic Preservation Division (SHPD). 7.Prior to operation/occupancy of the proposed residential unit,written confirmation of compliance with the requirements from all reviewing agencies shall be provided to the Planning Department. 8.The Applicant shall develop and utilize Best Management Practices (B.M.P.'s) during all phases of development in order to minimize erosion,dust,and sedimentation impacts ofthe project to abutting properties. 9.The Applicant shall implement to the extent possible sustainable building techniques and operational methods for the project,such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (L.E.E.D.)standards or another comparable state-approved, nationally recognized,and consensus-based guideline,standard,or system,and strategies,which may include but is not limited to recycling,natural lighting, extensive landscaping,solar panels,low-energy fixtures,low energy lighting and other similar methods and techniques.All such proposals shall be reflected on the plans submitted for building permit review. 10.The Applicant is advised that prior to construction and/or use,additional govemment agency conditions may be imposed.It shall be the Applicant's responsibility to resolve those conditions with the respective agency(ies). 11.The Planning Commission reserves the right to add or delete conditions of approval in order to address or mitigate unforeseen impacts this project may create or revoke the permits through the proper procedures should conditions of approval be violated or adverse impacts be created that cannot be properly addressed. The Planning Commission is further advised that this report does not represent the PIanning Department's final recommendation in view ofthe forthcoming public hearing 11 |P a ge 2-IV-2022-2,U-2022-2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN O?03.2021 process scheduled for SEPTEMBER 28,2021,whereby the entire record should be considered prior to decision-making.The entire record should include but not be liinited to: a.Pending govemment agency comments; b.Testimony from the general public and interested others;and c.The Applicant's response to staff s report and recommendation as provided herein. By DALE A.C Planner mended to Commission: KA'AINA &JHULL Director of Planning Date ^ ^-l^^ Z-IV-2022-2,U-2022.2;Director's Report VON KRUSENSTEIRN 09.03.2021 12 1 Pag e EXHIBIT"A" (Agency Comments) For reference r ^ountyofKdii;-, PLANNINGDEP).COUNTY OF KAUA'I PLANNING DEPARTMENT 4444 RICE STREET,SUITE A473 LlHU'E,HAWAI'I 96766 2'/!UG 27 fl 9:35 (808)241-4050 r-..^IVu^..;:,....._Lyiji.'j ry'~.~~~J'^i!i AtlG 1 0 2020 |'-/,' i ••-.^iBIHr'TT^'i'"^-^--,;!.-,' (-.',.••^:-""••-•}; (Dale)August3,2021FROM.-Kaaina S.Hull,Director SUBJECT:CIass IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2022-2,Use Permit U-2022-2,Office And Office Buildings Tax Map Key:(4)l-9-004:015,John And Elizabeth Von Krusensteim, Applicant TO: a Department of Transportation -STP DPW-Engineering a DOT-Highway,Kauai(info only)DPW-Wastewater a DOT-Airports,Kauai (info only)a DPW-Building a DOT-Harbors,Kauai (info only)D DPW-SolidWaste State Department of Health Department of Parks &Recreation D State Department of Agriculture Fire-Department a State Office of PIanning D County Housing-Agency a State Dept.ofBus.&Econ.Dev.Tourism D County Economic Development a State Land Use Commission D KHPRC State Historic Preservation Division Water Department a DLNR-Land Management a Kaua'i Civil Defense a DLNR-Foresty &Wildlife U.S.Postal Department a DLNR-Aquatic Resources a UH Sea Grant a DLNR-OCCL County Transportation Agency Other: FOR YOUR COMMENTS (pertaining to your department): See comments on attached sheet. August 12,2021 )arren T^nek^zu,^jfeting Chief This matter is scheduled for a public hearing beforeDte6®tlstytfi<teetiS!&9BafcBeatahs&Bfite Kauai 9/28/2021 at the Lihue Civic Center,Moikeha Building,Meeting Room 2A-2B,4444 Rice Street, Lihue,Kauai,at 9:00 am or soon thereafter.If we do not receive your agency comments within one (1) month from the date of this request,we will assume that there are no objections to this permit request. Mahalo! r'r' Class IV Zoning Permit Application:Z-IV-2022-2 Use Permit:U-2022-2 Applicant:John &Elizabeth Von Krusensteirn Based on our review ofthe application,we have the following environmental health concerns for your consideration at this time. 1.Temporary fugitive dust emissions could be emitted when construction activities occur.In accordance with Title 11,Hawaii Administrative Rules (HAR),Chapter 11-60.1 "Air Pollution Control",effective air pollution control measures shall be provided to prevent or minimize any fugitive dust emissions caused by construction work from affecting the surrounding areas.This includes the off-site roadways used to enter/exit the project.The control measures include but are not limited to the use of water wagons,sprinkler systems,dust fences,etc. 2.Noise will be generated when construction begins.The applicable maximum permissible sound levels as stated in Title 11,HAR,Chapter 11-46,"Community Noise Control"shall not be exceeded unless a noise permit is obtained from the State Department of Health (DOH). 3.lnaccordancewithTitle11,HAR,Chapter 11-58.1,entitled "Solid Waste Management Control",the grubbed material and construction waste that will be generated bythe project shall be disposed ofat a solid waste disposal facility that complies with the DOH.The open burning of any of these wastes on or off site is prohibited. Due to the general nature of the application submitted,we reserve the right to implement future environmental health restrictions when information that is more detailed is submitted. DocuSign Envelope ID:E8F659D8-28BE-43A8-87FF-7B95899250F3 COCO PALMS HUI LLC a Delaware limited liability company June30,2021 Mr.Ka'aina Hull Clerk of the Planning Commission of the County of Kauai Planning Commission of the County of Kauai 4444 Rice Street Kapule Building,Suite A-473 Lihue,Hawaii 96766-1326 Re:2021 status report regarding Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2015-8,Project Development Use Permit PDU-2015-7,Variance Permit V-2015-1 and Special Management Area Use Permit SMA(U)-2015-6 at Tax Map Keys 4-1-003:004 (por.),005,007,011,and 017 and 4-1-005:014 and 017 (the "Permits"),with approval conditions as set forth in letter dated December 31,2018 from the Planning Commission ofthe County of Kauai (the "Conditions")with Coco Palms Hui LLC,as Applicant ("Applicant") DearMr.Hull: Pursuant to Condition No.29 of the above-referenced Permits,Coco Palms Hui LLC hereby submits the enclosed status report regarding its Conditions as of June 30,2021. Should you have any questions or desire additional information regarding the status report,do not hesitate to contact Parker Enloe at (801)717-6744 or Jon M.H.Pang,Esq.,at (808)547-5400. Verytrulyyours, COCO PALMS HUI LLC, a Delaware limited liability company By:STILLWATER EQUITY PARTNERS LLC, a Utah limited liability company, its Manager DocuSigned by: By:fufL tn\A^w4 Paul Bringhurst Its Manager 160 W.Canyon Road Suite 3 Alpine,Utah 84004 30113/3/3359333.2 G.\.^ SFP 2 8 2021 Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Development Permits:Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2015-8,Project Development Use Permit PDU-2015-7,Variance Permit V-2015-1 and Special Management Area Use Permit SMA(U)-2015-6 at Tax Map Keys 4- 1-003:004 (por.),005,007,011,and 017 and 4-1-005:014 and 017,with approval conditions as set forth in letter dated December 31,2018 from the Planning Commission of the County of Kauai Applicant:Coco Palms Hui LLC 30113/3/3355779.7 Count Conditions Completed Condition:8 1,2,3,4,5,10,28,29 Ongoing:14 6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,17,21 (except 21.b),23,25,26, Forthcoming:7 16,18,19,20,(21.b),22,24,27 29 Condition Status Comments to County 1.The Applicant shall contrlbute $50,000.00 to the County of Kauai to assist the Planning Department's historic preservation mission via its efforts to perpetuate the cultural and historic significance of the Wailua/Waipouli region consistent with the Department's historic preservation program,including the creation ofeducational programs and signage. Complete This contribution was paid to, and received by,the County of Kauai on October 17,2015. 2.The Applicant shall contribute $50,000.00 to the County of Kauai to assist the County with its current place making efforts,including moku and ahupuaa signage ofthe Wailua area. Complete This contribution was paid to, and received by,the County of Kauai on October 17,2015. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 2 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 3.Prior to building permit approval,the Applicant shall meet the requirements and standards of the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), State Historic Presen/ation Division (SHPD).The Applicant is further advised that should any archaeological or historical resources be discovered during ground disturbing/construrtion work,all work in the area of the archaeological/historical findings shall immediately cease and the Applicant shall contact the State Department of Land and Natural Resources,Historic Preservation Division and the Planning Department to determine mitigation measures.The Planning Department has reviewed the comments of the State Historic Preservation Division, and under its independent Chapter 6E and related Hawaii Constitutional obligations and duties,requires the following historic preservation measures be fulfilled by the Applicant. Complete As of June 2016,the Applicant has received approval from SHPD with respect to their HRS6E-42reviewand requlred mitigation actions. However,Appllcant is also advised that should any human remains be discovered as a consequence of digging activities,WORKMUST IMMEDIATELYSTOPINTHE VICINIPl'OFTHEFINDAND SHPDANDTHEPLANNING DEPARTMENTMUSTBE NOTIFIED. 3.3 A revised SOW for the project,including any proposed work with potential to affect the historic lagoon, Including staging areas,construction of new bridges, dredging,or filling In of areas near the lagoon; Complete 3.b Information regarding any potential federal funding or federal permits that may be required,especially relative to the historic lagoons; Complete 3.C An Intensive-Level Survey (ILS)that identifies and assesses all remaining architectural historic properties and their potential eligibility for the Hawaii and National Registers; Complete 3.d \Burial Treatment Plan (BTP)that meets HAR §13- 300-34(b),and following a determination by the KIBC regarding burial treatment,a Burial Site Component of a Data Recovery Plan (BSCDRP)that meets HAR §13- iOO-34(b)(3)(B);and Complete 3.e i\Revised Archaeological Monltoring Plan (AMP)that ncludes provisions for addressing architectural nonitoring concerns and meets HAR §13-279-4, ncluding ongoing monitoring during construction and 30 days after completion of constructlon. Complete Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 3 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 4.Applicant shall submit a Construction and Demolition Debris Management Plan,and have the plan reviewed and concurred with by the Department of Public Works,Solid Waste Management Division.Applicant is encouraged to employ broad diversion efforts in its waste management plan. Complete This condition 4 is satlsfied. 5.Applicant is aware that any final construction plans involving the former Seashell Restaurant site that deviates substantially from the conceptual plans presented to the State Department of Land and Natural Resources may trigger compliance with the statutes and regulations under the jurisdiction of the Office ofCoastal and Conservation Lands,Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources if final development is proposed within the shoreline area. Applicant is on notice that,if any such final plans proposes development within the shoreline area,this permit action may be deemed invalid and require modification and re-approval only after compliance with Chapter 343,Hawaii Revised Statutes,is attained. Complete Nocurrentplansfor development within the shoreline area. 6.In order to minimize adverse impacts on the Federally Listed Threatened Species,Newell's Shearwater and other seabirds,all external lighting shall be only ofthe following types:shielded lights,cut-off luminaries, indirect lighting or other types permissible under applicable Federal Law or otherwise approved by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.Spotlights aimed upward or spotlighting of structures, landscaping,or the ocean shall be prohibited unless otherwise permissible under Federal Law or approved by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Ongoing No external lighting being used at this time. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 4 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 7.To the extent possible within the confines of union requirements and applicable legal prohibitions against discrimination in employment,the Applicant shall seek to hire Kauai contractors as long as they are quafified and reasonably competitive with other contractors, and shall seek to employ residents of Kauai in temporary construction and permanent jobs.It is recognized that the Applicant may have to employ non-Kauai residents for particular skilled jobs where no qualified Kauai resident possesses such skills.For the purposes of this condition,the Commission shall relieve the Applicant of this requirement if the Applicant is subjected to anti-competitive restraints on trade or other monopolistic practices. Ongoing Upon approval of building permits,applicantwill solicit bids from local contractors in accordance with this condition. 8.The Applicant shall implement to the extent possible sustainable building techniques and operational methods for the projert,such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (L.E.E.D.)standards or another comparable state-approved,nationally recognized,and consensus-based guideline,standard, or system,and strategies,which may Include but is not limited to recycling,natural lighting,extensive landscaping,solar panels,low-energy fixtures,low energy lighting and other similar methods and techniques.All such proposals shall be reflected on the plans submitted for building permit review. Ongoing Plans are being developed to utilizethelatestL.E.E.D standards. 9.As part of the building permit application,the Applicant shall comply with the building code requirements applicable to the construction plans submitted for the vertical Improvements for the project.Any revisions shall be identified accordingly on the final site development plan and vertical building construction plans for building permit review and processing In accordance with applicable building code requirements. Ongoing Submitted plans are in compliance with applicable building code requirements. 10.rhe Applicant shall contribute $10,000.00 to the ^ounty of Kauai Transportation Agency to assist with the construction of a new bus stop along Kuhio -lighway in the Wailua area. Complete This contribution has been paid to,and received by,the County of Kauai Transportation Agency on October 17,2015. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 5 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 11.Applicant shall coordinate project plans with the Department of Public Works Wastewater Management Division to ensure that connection to a public sewer system is accomplished properly. Applicant shall also submit a current wastewater preliminary engineering report,as per County Sewer Standards,identifying details of sewer connections. Prior to bullding permit approval for vertical construction,Applicant shall submit construction plans for any necessary sewer Improvements and if applicable,pay any required wastewater sewer system fees. Ongoing SPW/WMD has approved 22 of 25 permit applications for which DPW/WMD approval were required. For the remaining three (3) permlt applications, DPW/WMD comments were addressed in resubmitted plans.The Division is prepared to sign off on permits when all department comments are addressed. 12.Applicant shall submit a detailed water demand (both domestic and irrlgation)calculations along with the proposed water meter size.Water demand calculations submitted by your engineer or architect should also include fixture count and water meter sizing worksheets.The Department of Water may require the payment fees specified in the existing County of Kauai ordlnances as a consequence of the approved water demand calculations that are in addition to the existing water allocated to the property. Ongoing DOW has approved plans for 22 of 25 permit applications. As to the remainlng three (3) permit applications,water demand calculations have been submitted and approved forthe newly installed water meter and backflow prevention device. 13.Applicant shall prepare and receive the Department of Water's approval of construction drawings for the necessary water system facilities and construct said facilities.These fadlities shall include but not be limited to:a)the interlor plumbing with the appropriate backflow prevention device;b)the domestic service connection,if applicable;c)the fire service connertion,If applicable.Requests for additional water meters or increase in water meter size beyond water meters already allocated to the property will be dependent on the adequacy of the source,storage and transmisslon facilities existing at the time. Ongoing DOW has approved plans for 22 of25 permit applications. As to the remaining three (3) permit applications, resubmitted plans to be reviewed by DOW verify that individual water demand for each building does not collertively exceed the capacity of the installed water meter. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status ReportasofJune 30,2021 Page 6 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 14.Applicant acknowledges affordable housing requirements apply to this proposal,and in compliance with Chapter 7A,Kauai County Code (1987),Applicant has entered into,and will perform its obligations under,that certain Housing Agreement (for Coco Palms)dated December 4,2015,directly with the Kauai County Housing Agency,which has been fully executed and recorded on February 9,2016. Ongoing Housing Agreement with County Housing Agency recorded on February 9, 2016.The Applicant intends to complywith the Housing Agreement. 15.Applicant shall submit by August 31,2019 plans to for all remaining building permits for the construction of vertical improvements on the project site,and will thereafter diligently work in good faith with the Kauai Division of Buildings ("Building Division")to obtain final building permit approval for all remaining permits.Construction shall commence within one year after the date of final approval of the referenced building permits.Further,pursuant to PDU requirements in the CZO,construction shall commence within one year after the date of full approval of such building permits.Also,Applicant shall pull all such building permits within six months after the approval ofthe final building permit. Ongoing The first submittal of all building permit plans was complete on or before August 31,2019. Final approval has been obtained on 14 of 29 permits applications. As to the remaining 15 permit applications,revised plans respondingto all comments have been resubmitted for County approval 16.Screening of the construction site during construction along Kuhio Highway and Kuamoo Road to be aesthetically consistent with current construction standards on Kauai while maintaining compatibility with the nature of the site sitting at a coastal gateway for the area.Screening shall be properly maintained In a manner acceptable to the Director until such time as the Applicant has completed all vertical improvements.Further,the Applicant shall work with the State Department of Transportation to provide landscaping along the strip of land fronting the property fronting Kuhio Highway and properly maintain this landscaping in perpetuity. Forthcoming DOT is currently using the Coco Palms site along Kuhio highway as a staging area for road widening project.New screening is expected to be installed upon DOT completion of road widening project. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 7 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 17.Applicant shall substantially complete the demolition work described In the existing demolition permits issued for the property by March 31,2017 subject to extension caused by the occurrence of force majeure events. Applicant agrees that,if the concrete structures that remain on the property after the demolition work is completed is not incorporated into the construction of the vertical improvements by June 30,2021,the Applicant shall,at its sole cost and expense,secure such concrete structures in full compliance with all health and safety requirements set forth in all applicable laws and ordinances. Ongoing Except as to three 3-story concrete structures, demolition was completed by March 31,2017. Demolition ofthe remaining three 3-story concrete structures has been incorporated into the plans currently being reviewed by the Dept.ofPlanning. 18.Applicant shall provide 20 public parking spaces at the North end of the project site with signage identifying their use by beachgoers and those using public transit when the operator opens to the public the building of the project that Is closest to the parking lot containing such public parking spaces.Further,the Applicant shall provide 20 stalls for parking with signage identifying their use by public beachgoers along the south end of the project.These stalls shall be clearly marked for public beachgoers use only.Also,the Applicant at its own expense shall work with the county to site, design,construct,and maintain in perpetuity,a comfort station consisting of restrooms and showers for beachgoers.This comfort station shall be located adjacent or approximate to this public beachgoers parkingarea. Forthcoming 19.All parking for guests,customers,and employees shall be accommodated on site.No parking on Kuamoo, Haleitio or Apana roads shall be allowed.No use of parking lots on adjacent property shall be allowed as well. Forthcoming 20.Given outstanding evaluation of the Traffic Impact Analysis Report (TIAR)by both the Department of Public Works and State Department ofTransportation, in the interim,the Applicant shall provide the Following to mitigate traffic impacts created by the development: See below. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 8 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 20.a Provide,at the Applicant's expense,a shuttle for eighteen (18)months beginning when the hotel operator opens the main lobby,at least 277 guest rooms and the food and beverage facilities and services ofthe project to the public as a pilot program to facilitate transit to and from the Lihue Airport and the development; Forthcoming 20.b Provide,at the Applicant's expense,a circulator shuttle for eighteen (18)months beginning when the hotel operator opens the main lobby,at least 277 guest rooms and the food and beverage facilities and services of the project to the public to move patrons from the hotel to Lydgate and Wailua Beach Park,the Seashell Restaurant Site,the Coconut Marketplace and other destinatlons within the main Kapaa transit corridor that shall be determined by the County of Kauai Executive on Transportation at least 90 days before such shuttle service is scheduled to begin. Forthcoming 20.C Provide,at the Applicant's expense,a bike share program operated by Applicant or a vendor selected by Applicant for patrons of the resort to allow guests to rlde bikes into Kapaa Town and other destinations without driving; Forthcoming 20.d The Applicant shall work with the State Department of Transportatlon and Department of Public Works to resolve pedestrian crossing,sidewalks and vehicular traffic demands created by the development,and bear implementation costs proportional to the impact that arises,induding the installation of a continuous public sidewalk on the Kuhio Highway frontage between Kuamoo and Haleilio;and Forthcoming 20.e Provide the Planning Department,Department of Pubtic Works and State Department ofTransportation an update to the TIAR one (1)year after receiving the last certificate of occupancy for the project evaluating traffic impacts created by the resort and analyze the need for additional bus stops. Forthcoming Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 9 of13 30113/373355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 20.f Provide the Department with a report on the Applicant's efforts to work with the Department of Land and Natural Resources to obtain permission to use the lands held by lease for a mauka access,either vehicular,or bike/pedestrian,to allow movement of residents between Kuamoo road and Haleilio Road. Forthcoming 20 con't Should the updated TIAR,as accepted by the three agencies,determine a significant adverse change in the traffic conditions resulting solely from project beyond the traffic conditions anticipated In the original TIAR,Applicant is aware that this permit is subject to reasonable modification by the Planning Commission that Applicant may be responsible for the proportionate costs for any impacts ofsuch significant adverse change for which a nexus to the additional anticipated traffic conditions may be identified. Forthcoming 21.Applicant shall work with the county and bear the costsofthe following improvements:See below. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 10 of 13 Condition Status Comments to County 21.a Provide an in lieu payment of $93,750 to the County of Kauai by June 30,2017 for the cost of a dedicated right turn lane on Haleilio Road,from Apana Road to Kuhio Highway In addition to an existing through lane. The County shall design and complete construction of continuous public sidewalks along Apana Road to Haleilio Road and along Haleilio Road to Kuhio Highway fronting the Applicant's property.Sidewalks must be a minimum of 5 feet wide and shall be dedicated to the County to the extent owned by Applicant.The portions of said right turn lane owned by Applicant shall be dedicated to the County; provided that the Applicant shall have the reserved right of entry over the dedicated areas in connection with its project.By January 31,2019,the Applicant shall submit plans for the subdlvision of the portions of its land to be dedicated to the Kauai Planning Department and shall thereafter diligently work in good faith with the Planning Department to obtain final subdivision approval of such plans,and to dedicate such subdivided portions to the County Ongoing This $93,750 lieu payment was paid to,and received by, the County of Kauai on June 30,2017. Subdivision plans submitted to Kauai Planning Department on January 18,2019 deadline. Condition satisfied. Final Subdivlsion approval issued by the Kauai Planning Commission on Jan.28.2020, including modification waiving requirement of Applicant to provide curbs, gutters and sidewalks. Surveyor's Affidavit recorded February 27,2020 as Doc.No. A-73620668.Condition of Title Guarantee has been issued by Old Republic Title and submittedtothe Planning Dept. The form ofthe dedication deed was delivered to the Planning Dept.on November 12,2020 for review and comment;currently awaiting approval. 21.a (sicl Design and complete construction of widening Apana Road to be wide enough for two-way vehicle travel from the project entry on Apana Road to Haleilio Road.The Applicant will work with the County of Kauai Department of Public Works on the width,length,and other design details for this improvement,which shall be dedicated to the County of Kauai to the extent owned by Applicant;provlded that the Applicant shall have the reserved right of entry over the dedicated areas in connection with its projert. Ongoing The $93,750 lieu payment was paid to,and received by, the County of Kauai on June 30,2017. Completed,except for pending dedication of subdivided portion to County with a reserved of right of entrytoApplicant. 30113/3/3355779.7 Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 11 of 13 30113/373355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 21.b Design and complete construction of "Do Not Block" markings along the eastbound lanes of Haleilio Road at the intersection with Apana Road,slmilar to the striping at Kuamo'o Road and Wailua Road. Forthcoming Marking to be performed upon completion of new Haleilio Road right turn lane project. 21. con't The Applicant shall retain a surveyor to survey the portions of the Applicant's land over which the right turn lane right-of-way and sidewalks to be constructed pursuant to subparagraphs a-b above that will be dedicated to the County,then prepare and record the necessary title documents.The County,Planning Department and Department of Public Works will cooperate fully to process all necessary subdivision and dedication approvals on an expedited basis. Ongoing Final Subdivision approval issued by the Kauai Planning Commission on Jan.28.2020, including modification waiving requirement of Applicant to provide curbs, gutters and sidewalks. Surveyor's Affidavit recorded February 27,2020 as Doc.No. A-73620668.Condition of Title Guarantee has been issued by Old Republic Title and submitted to the Planning Dept. The form ofthe dedication deed was delivered to the Planning Dept.on November 12,2020 for review and comment;currently awaitlng approval. 22.If requested by the Transportation Agency due to increased ridership demand caused by the development,Applicant shall provide proportional support for one (1)addltional bus stop and shelter for the Kauai bus. Forthcoming 23.Form and character of the development shall reflect the prior history ofthe resort and the brand standards of the hotel operator induding the usage of similar looking roof and facade material,color and landscaping.Further,non-reflective materials are necessary to promote the seashore area aesthetics. Prior to building permit application for reconstruction or new construrtion of buildings and landscaping,the Applicant shall submit renderings and plans for departmental design review. Ongoing The resort will reflert the prior resort with similar looking roof,color,and landscaping.Submitted building plans address this requirement. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix StatusReportasofJune30,2021 Page 12 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 24.Applicant shall encourage employees to utilize the County's Transportation Agency transit services to mitigate commuter trips to and from the development.The Applicant shall work with the Transportation Agency on promotional events encouraging usage of the translt system at Coco Palms,including selling bus passes on behalf of the agency,signage,etc. Forthcoming 25.The Applicant is advised that in connection with the issuance of building permits for the vertical improvements of the project,additional conditions from the reviewing government agencies may be imposed.It shall be the Applicant's responsibility to resolve those conditions with the respertive agencies. Ongoing All comments on building permits have been addressed in resubmitted permit applications. No additional Development Permit conditions have been imposed to date. 26.The Plannlng Commission reserves the right to add or delete conditions of approval in order to address or mitigate unforeseen Impacts that any subsequent changes to this project as proposed by Applicant may create,or revoke the permits through the proper procedures should conditions of approval be violated. Ongoing No additional Development Permit conditions have been imposed to date. 27.During September 15 through December 15, construrtion shall only occur during daylight hours. Where possible as to not compromise safety of seabirds identified to be protected under Federal Law, exterior facility lights should be positioned low to the ground,be motion-triggered,and be shielded and/or full cut-off.Effective light shields should be completely opaque,sufficiently large,and positioned so that the bulb is only visible from below.Staff at the development shall be educated,and shall educate i/isitors with Information regarding such endangered or protected seabird fallout and response protocols for staff to recover downed birds.Design elements ihall also minimize collision by such protected ieabirds with objects that protrude above the /egetation layer,such as utility lines,guide wires and :ommunication towers.Should development yield :onditions leadlng to any take of protected species, i\pplicant is on notice that an incidental take permit is 'equired. Forthcoming Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 13 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 28.Applicant shall seek guidance from the Fish and Wildlife Servlce for the Applicant to develop and implement measures (e.g.monitoring,etc.),in order to avoid and minimize impacts to Hawaiian waterbirds during construction and operation of the development. Complete US Fish and Wildlife Service provided its comments on the CPH application to the Planning Commission in a letterdated March 2015 and will be addressed during construction and operation. 29.On or before June 30th of each year until all conditions have been satisfied,the Applicant shall submit an annual report to the Planning Commission of the status of and progress on,each unsatisfied condition,particularly conditions with workforce housing requirements and transportation requirements.These conditions shall be modified by the Planning Commission to reflect the satisfaction of any condition. Ongoing Status report submitted on JuneSO,2021. Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Jaelyn Decena <jaelynbdecena@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:56 AM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Good afternoon, 1 hope this email finds you well.I'm writing to you in hopes that you consider opposing the construction of a hotel at "Coco Palms." The land of Kauai is beautiful and should be allowed to thrive.The islands are rich with history,culture,and natural beauty,and it would be a shame to see more of these things taken away. Thank you for your time and consideration, Jaelyn Decena ^i.l.^.l. SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Peleke Flores <peleke@malamahuleia.org> Tuesday,September 7,2021 7:42 AM Planning Department Coco Palms Hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha mai kakou, My name is Peleke Flores and 1 am sending this testimony as an individual.1 Strongly Oppose the consideration of the Site ofCoco Palms Hotel to be another Hotel. I StronglySupportthe 1 Ola Waluanui project hui tofora more balanced and productive useand function ofthatarea for our communities and visitors. Mahalo for your time! Q.'.a.'z-. S£P 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Alfonso Murillo <alfonso94123@yahoo.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 7:50 AM Planning Department CoCo Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. 1 am against a hotel and in support of the former Coco Palms Hotel property being instead transitioned to such that it honors this sacred place and provides education and cultural enrichment for the Hawaiian people. Thank you Alfonso Murillo J^.(C(.D. SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: Regina Gregory <regina@ecotlppingpoints.org> Tuesday,September7,2021 10:38 AM Planning Department coco palms site CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Please do not put a hotel. -Q.L^H: SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Robert Zelkovsky <Robert@bamboomoonvideo.com> Monday,September 6,2021 9:42 PM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Mahalo for listening to all the testimony. You have heard/read the many many reasons not to redevelop a hotel on that site. You have heard a few reason for developing. 1ask that that property NOT be redeveloped as a hotel. Thankyou. Dr Robert Zelkovsky Wailua Homesteads Kaua'i resident 46 years JQ.i^.S SEP 2 8 2021 To:Kaua i Planning Commission Fr:S.Ku'ualoha Ho'omanawanui Re:Opposition to Redevelopment offormer Coco Patms Resort as a hotel/restort September7,2021 Dear Kaua'i Planning Commission, Aloha kakou.My name is Sherilyn Ku'ualoha Ho'omanawanui,1 was raised in Wailua Homesteads above the site of the former Coco Palms hotel property,and 1 oppose any current or future plans to redevelop this location for a hotel or resort of any kind.The time to redevelop this location has long past.Because ofcurrent and projected climate change issues, desires to shift the economic base of Hawai'i,Kaua i included,away from tourism,a better, more culturally-and environmentally-based vision for the location,and better understanding and appreciation forthe long,vibrant history ofthis 'aina (land),any hotel or resort here is undesirable. 1 grew up in Wailua in the 1970s-1980s when the property was still a welcomed and bustling tourist hub,and like many,have fond memories.But much has changed in the three decades since the property was destroyed by Hurricane 'lniki,and fond memories of the past are not enough reason to support a resort here.Rather,we should dream towards creating a new future,one that will be a cultural and economic showcase of what is possible in the 21st century of sustainability that is 'aina,island,culturally,and community-centered,one that can support tourism as well,but one that offers balance and is not solely money-driven for the few who will financially profit. 1 hold a PhD and have built an educational career teaching at the university level and publishing peer-reviewed scholarship on topics in Hawaiian Studies,specializing jn mo'olelo,Hawaiian history and literature,with a focus on folklore,mythology,and traditions of Kaua'i.My knowledge and expertise is built as much from my experiences growing up in this region, swimming,fishing,and diving in these waters,playing in the sand on these beaches, participating in heiau cleanups,navigating up the Wailua river,hiking and horseback riding throughout the mauka trails,listening to kupuna (elders)share their personal knowledge and experience of the place and of cultural practices,as it is from my studies.This location is one of the most significant places on Kaua'i for centuries.1 have attached a published article on Wailua,one 1 spent years researching,that includes references to many mo'olelo,mele (chants, songs),hula (dances),'olelo no'eau (proverbs),and wahi pana (sacred and legendary sites)that point to this specific area of Wailuanuiaho'ano as one of the most sacred places in the Hawaiian archipelago.Specific locations near the resort property,such as Holoholoku and Hauola heiau, are actively used by Hawaiian cultural practitioners.Rather than redevelop a resort,cultural sites on the property,such as the walled fishponds,could invigorate Kaua'i's economy a nd lifestyle by being returned to active cultural practice,and providing food for our community and possibly other resorts. ^ SEP28 2023 The time has come for this wahi pana—thisspecial and sacred place—tobe revitalized and revisioned in a new way.By returning the property to the community,an exciting opportunity to reconnect it to its surrounding wahi pana,from the heiau and pu'uhonua of Kahikinaokala and Hauola,to Ala Kukui on the other side of Wailua bay,to Holoholoku heiau and the sacred birthing stones across the main road going mauka to Wailua Homesteads,to Poli'ahu heiau and the pohaku kani (bellstone)location on the hillside,and beyond,it is a chance for this 'aina to be healed and flourish as it once did before.It was and can once again be a piko (center)for Kaua'i,and a showcase for Hawai'i and the world. The 1 Ola Wailuanui working group,comprised of dedicated,hard working Kaua'i kama'aina, including myself,have developed a plan,based on countless hours of community input and study over many years,that envisions this property as a location to gather and learn,to produce culturally relevant food crops this area was noted for (fish,taro,and more),as a culturally grounded green space for everyone to share.This piko of Wailuanuiaho'ano needs to be returned to the people.It is an ideal location for a park,cultural and educational center,and place for 'aina-based learning and experiences.This area should be transformed into a thriving place for all 'ohana (families)enjoy and learn about Hawaiian history,culture,land management and more. Historically,Kaua i was a separate kingdom because of our jncredible leadership and people, one that provided for all needs,in a society that flourished.Hawaiian culture is more than just a "host"culture:it is one that used brilliant methods of science to grow food much more productively through building lo'i and fishponds that didn't only extract from the land,they enhanced the land and the people flourished.That is what aloha for our 'aina,and in extension, our community,really means.As the old saying goes when farm lands were replaced with the Ko'olina Resort development in west O'ahu—nocan eat golf balls.By returning to the 'aina and revitalizing this piko of aloha 'aina,together,we can honor this place,honor the culture and environment,honor our own Kaua'i community,and create a unique opportunity for enrichment in cultural and environmental education.This could be a cultural anchor and gateway to the Wailua-Waipouli-Kapa'a designated resort area,one that provides a new model of tourism and economic hope,as much as economic vibrancy.Please be bold,be visionary,and see beyond the tired and unsustainable what is,and look to what was,and what can be. Mahalo. me ke aloha, S.Ku'ualoha Ho'omanawanui HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO: REMEMBERING,RECOVERING,AND WRITING PLACE ku'ualoha ho'omanawanui While the cultural and spiritual importance of Wailuanuiaho'ano in traditional times was obscured by rapid Western colonization in the igth and early 20th centuries,this region of Kaua'i is a major place in hlawaiian history,culture,and mo'olelo (stories).Wailua's prominence as a significant wahi pana (storied place)extends from the ancient to the historical past,and into the present for Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians)today.Remembering,recovering,and writing place provides an indigenous framework for cultural studies that complements other academic disciplines where memory is not always considered a relevant resource. CORRESPONDENCE MAY BE SENTTO: ku'ualoha ho'omanawanui,Department ofEngiish,UniversityofHawai'i at Manoa Kuykendall 402,1733 Donaghho Road,Honolulu,Hawai'i 96822 Email;kuualoha@hawaii.edu HQliti:Multidisdplinar/Research on Hawaiian Wetl-Being Vol.8 (2012) Copyright ©2012 by Kamehamcha Schools. 187 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) FICURE 1 East face ofWai'ale'ale from the back ofNounou,showing Kaipuha'a (Wailua Homesteads area)today 2005i KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUI He 'aina kaulana no 'o Kaua'i i na wahi pana,a he mokupuni i kahiko 'ia e ka nani, a i o wale ai no kona mele kaulana,"Maika'i Kaua'i Hemolele i ka Malie" Kaua'i is indeed a landfamous with sacred legend-jilled sites,it is an island adomed in bea-uty,ofwhich thefamous song says,"Beautiful is Kaua'i,Perfect in the Calm"1 'aUuanuiaho'ano is an important wahi pana (storied place)and the most sacred region on Kaua'i.Its rich history is documented by many mo'olelo (histories,stories,literatire)attached to particular places.This article focuses on the ahupua'a (land division)of Wailua,Kaua'i,and the importance of remem- bering,recovering,and writing about place as another dimension of 'ike 'aina, knowledge firom and about the lands we live on,and to which Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians)are culturally and genealogically connected.In a previous HuUU article on 'aina (land)and culturally based literature (2008),I argued that the connection )88 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO between Kanaka Maoli and 'aina forms the basis of indigenous Uteracy.I raised the chaUenge issued by l9th-century Native Hawaiian educator J-H.Kanepu'u to other school teachers to collect and publish infonnation about their own 'aina, concluding that doing so would "be a great benefit to enlighten the people [and]... teach our students about the difFerent aspects of our lands."2 Kanepu'u recog- nized the value of such knowledge to Hawaiian students educated in a colonially designed public school systeni that lacked texts celebrating Hawaiian intellectual traditions,which contributed to the erosion ofHawaiian well-being.Over the past 30 years,culturally centered Hawaiian education has grown in response to the overall dismal performance and experience of Kanaka Maoli students in a colo- nially constructed public educational system.Beginning with the establishment ofHawaiian language immersion education in the 1980s,much has been done to reestablish Native Hawaiian education for the well-being of individual students and their families and the health,prosperity,and well-being ofour lahui (nadon). Yet more remains to be done,as many Hawaiian students stiU do not attain wide- spread success in the typical Department ofEducation (DOE)classroom,a settmg that stiU doesn't privilege or value Native Hawaiian intellectual knowledge.3 Raised in the upper mountainous region known today as "Wailua Homesteads" (see Figzure 1),I spent much time with family and friends interacting with our 'aina. We experienced things on the 'aina we couldn't describe in words,heard stories passed down from kupuna (elders)about the past,and encountered the physical remnants of a history before our time here.like many Kanaka Maoli connected to our rural 'aina,we lived aspects ofculture without describmg it in such terms, and acquired cultural and experiendal knowledge that was not validated at school. As a shidentat Kapa'a Elementary,Middle,and High School,the only DOE campuses serving the Wailua region at the time,4 nothing about this famous and mana-fiUed (spiritual power,authority)wahi pana,or any ofthe surrounding ahupua'a where the stidents lived was taught.Such cultural knowledge is still not taught in the DOE in any meaningful way.This is not uncommon in the vast majority of DOE and other schools across the pae'aina (archipelago),where the lands they sit on and the indigenous culture and history connected to those lands are woefully unden-epresented—ifat all—withinan Americanized curriculum that separates indigenous students firom their 'aina.This is particularly egregious in areas Uke the Kapa'a school complex,which wiU soon serve two Department of Hawaiian Homelands (DHHL)residenrial communities with predominantly Hawaiian students (Hawai'i State Department ofEducation,2005,p.2).5 Kanaka MaoU and supporters have resisted the further development of this important wahi pana, i8g HULfLl Vol.8 (2012) and have struggled to restore and protect our sacred cultiiral sites here.Without more education and a better understandmg ofthe need to reconnect to our sacred places in culturally meaningfiil ways,this wiU continue to be a difficult challenge. Since its inception in the eariy 19th century,writing and ka palapala (literature) have become an integral and indigenized Kanaka Maoli practice for remembering, recovering,and perpehiating knowledge,including 'ike 'aina.During this period, orally transmitted knowledge was written down as a way to remember,share,and perpetuate knowledge,with the purpose of keeping the language,culture,and taraditions shrong and vibrant in the onslaught of Western colonialism that chal- lenged Kanaka Maoli worldviews.Writing,including mo'olelo,oli (chant),mele (song),'olelo no'eau (proverbs),and pana no'eau (sayings that celebrate place6) celebrated 'aina,like WaUua,and demonstrated a high degree of Kanaka MaoU poetics.These writings document the long genealogy ofKanaka Maoh intellectual history,whidi is being recovered and utilized through indigenous research and education in this century. Such mdigenized research often requires time—onthe 'aina,at the kai (ocean), feeUng the wmd on your face,the sun on your back,the mud in between your toes,the rain on your skin.Time to sit and listen to stories;frime to rem.ember and re-tell them.Time to dig into the libraries and archives,to scroU through oft-forgotten Hawaiian language sources;time to digest an expansive Hawaiian worldview unfamiliar to many ofus educated in English. Kanepu'u's 19th-century challenge complements contemporary indigenous research practices,such as Maori scholar Unda Tuhiwai Smith's "decolonizing methodologies"(1999)and the Native American Uterary Nationalism movement that identifies the sodopolitical diniension ofrecovering indigenous inteUectuals, places,and writing as part of sovereignty movements,self-determination,and cultural weU-being.Such goals have also been affirmed by the United Nations and the passing of the Declaration of Rlghts of Indigenous Peoples (DRIP)in 2007.7 At a tiine when modem pressures of development and urbanization (such as the development of the Ke Ala Hele Makalae Bike Path along the sands of Wailua) continue to threaten traditional practices (such as taraditional Hawaiian burials in the sands ofWailua),there is a temptation to completely disregard indigenous concems.Thus,the recovery and assertion ofindigenous knowledge is timely.As 21st-century mdigenous people,understanding the inteUectual traditions ofour ancestors,particularly about 'aina,can only benefit Kanaka Maoli students and the larger lahui,today and into the future. igo HO'OMANAWANUI I HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO KAHI O WAILUA:WAILUA,THE PLACE Wailua is one of twelve ahupua'a in the moku (district)of Pima,Kaua'i.The mountains ofWai'ale'ale and Makaleha mark the north and northwest boundaries, Kalepa is to the south,and Wailua opens up to the sea on the east (see Figure 2).It is a large ahupua'a,encompassing roughly 20,000 acres that extend ma kai (from the ocean)to the summit of Wai'ale'ale,5,080 feet above sea level.The Wailua River is a major feature,one ofthe largest navigable waterways in the pae'aina. FICURE2 A map ofthe Wailua ahupua'a f'hi:Ahupua"a <if Waitun. Punu.Kaua'i KU'UALOHA HO'OWANAWANUI igi HULILi Vol.8 (20U) A variety of historical sites indicate the political and cultural importance of this land.In an archaeological survey of Kaua'i,Wendell Bennett (1931/1971)noted it contained more heiau (traditional temples)than any other ahupua'a on the island.Yet despite its abundant historical sites and myriad literary traditions,litde attention is given to this important wahi pana today.For kama'aina (native)and maUhini (visitor)alike,Wailua is often nothing more than a scattered coUection ofbeach parks and tourist attractions,something to drive through on the way to somewhere else.The recovery and sharing ofcultural knowledge about Wailua is needed to educate people today about its prestigious history and to inspire renewed efforts to protect it and reconnect with the 'aina in meaningful ways. The connection between naming,place,and story is an intimate one in Hawaiian culture.Names carry story and history in them,which is why Kanaka MaoU named many things from large land areas to small or specific objects.Myriad mo'olelo and poetry in the form ofoli,mele,hula,and pana no'eau celebrate the region as weU as spedfic wahi pana in and around it,the historical figures who lived and visited there,and the various deeds associated with them.Wailua can be translated into EngUsh as "two or doubled (lua)fresh water (wai),"a name that speaks to the abundance of rainfaU and freshwater in the region.Two branches of the Wailua River converge north ofthe lower river vaUey,and a second tributary,'Opaeka'a streain,feeds mto the Wailua River Just north of Holoholoku and Ka Lae o ka Manu Heiau.Kuamo'o (loa o Kane;"The [long]backbone [ofKane]")ridge,site of a large pohaku kani (bell stone)and Poli'ahu Heiau,is flanked by these two rivers. Walter Smith (1955),a Hawaiian kama'aina of this region,wrote that "Wailua means two waters into one,or two branches ruiining to the sea by one outiet" (p.55).Ethel Damon (1931)writes that it means "water pit"because ofthe many pools ofwater under the myriad waterfalls along the river (p.360).However,this nidimentary definition is unsatisfactory from an indigenous perspective, Wailua also means "spirit,ghost;remains of the dead,"considered by many to be the more culturally appropriate rendering of the name (Pukui &Elbert,1986, p.379).This interpretation is reflected elsewhere in Polynesia,indicating it is an old and important name.Wairua (spirit,soul)is a place in Aotearoa (New Zealand), including the name ofa major river (http://www.maoridictionary.co.nz).s Fredrick Wichman (1998)discusses the spiritually connected meaning ofWailua as lg2 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO spirits ofthe dead indeed gathered together on the upland plains and on certain moonlit nights marched in great processions accompanied with drums and nose flutes down to the river.These night marchers entered waiting canoes and paddled down the river into the sea and around the coast until they reached Polihale at Mana.Here they leaped from the clifFs into Po,the land ofthe dead,which lay beneath the sea.(pp.67-68) Located on the east side of the island,WaUua is far from a known leina (leaping point ofspirits into Po)on the west side ofthe island.However,such a connection ofWaiIua to leina is seen elsewhere in Polynesia,such as Te Rerenga Wainia in Aotearoa,a leaping place for spirits into the afterworld (rendered into Hawaiian, it is Ka Leina Wailua,literally,"The Spirit Leaping Place").A Maori story also explains that Te-hono-i-Wairua ("The Joining Place of Spirits")references the equator,as "The spirits (Wairua)ofman go north to the equator,thence west with the setting sun,to the night (Po)"(Hongi,1908,p.106). Wailua is geographically divided into a lower sea-level area generally called WaUua Kai,and an upper mountainous region generaUy known as Wailua Uka. The lower river vaUey region is also named Wailua~[Niu-a]-Ho'ano,the "Great Sacred Wailua [ofchief]Ho'ano"(Dickey,1916,p.15).The identification of'aina with an ali'i (chief)is not uncommon,and such association reinforces the sacred- ness ofthe 'aina.Unks between 'aina and ali'i occur at more localized levels,as with Wailua.Wailuanuiaho'ano extends from Mopua (the south part of Nounou mountain,located north ofthe river)to Mauna Kapu (northem clifFofthe Kalepa mountain range)on the south side of the river,"and all land ma kai of this line" (Dickey,1916,p.14);the "heart ofthis area"is the WaUua River (Joesting,1984,p.5; see Figure 3).There are a number ofsignificant sacred sites in Wailuanuiaho'ano, including burials,heiau,birthing stones,a beU stone,fishponds,canoe landings, and peti'oglyphs. '93 HOLILI Vol.8 (2012) FtCURE 3 A view ofWailua River looking ma kai (toward the sea),taken from Kuamo'oloaokane Ridge 2005.KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUf Ali'i Uved in this area from traditional times through the 19th century,perhaps explaining an altemative name,Wailuanuilani (Great Chiefly Wailua).In the mo'olelo of'A'ahoaka (the name ofa prominent hitl there;see Figure 4),Ololoku, an older brother of'A'ahoaka and the son ofthe Ko'olau district ali'i Kalalea (also the name ofthe mountain in Anahola)and his wife Koananai were hanai (raised) by Wailua ali'i Kaikihauna and Olohena in Wailua ("He Mo'olelo no Aahoaka," February 3,1877,p.l).The name ofthe district,Puna,is also the name ofthe father ofHo'oipoikanialanai,wife ofthe voyaging chief Moikeha.Kauniuah'i,the last ali'i nui (high chief)of Kaua'i before It was ceded to Kamehameha I,was bom at Holoholoku.,the birthing stones there.Around 1835 (after Kaumuali'i was captured by Kamehameha I and married to Ka'ahumanu on O'ahu),his wife Kekaiha'akulou (Queen Deborah Kapule)resided there with her second husband Simeona Kaiu,Kaumuali'i's half-brother.Devout Christian converts,they started a church near Holoholoku.9 Kaiu died soon after,although Kekaiha'akulou remained in Wailuanuiaho'ano,her home amply supplied with fish from several loko i'a (fishponds)and poi from the dozens oflo'i kalo (irrigated taro gardens) on and near her property,sustenance for herselfand the many vlsitors she hosted. 194 HO'OMANAWANUI j HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO FICURE4 The pLt'u (hill)'A'Shoaka from Wailua,looking south to the hlg'upu mountain range in the distance 200S.KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUI There are varying interpretations of Ho'ano's identity as weU as variant spelltngs ofthe name;in some historical accounts,Ho'Sno is a male chief,while in others, Ho'ano is a female,an altemate name of Moikeha's wife Ho'oipoikamalanai (Kamakau,1976,p.7).In other mo'olelo,Wailuanuiaho'ano is the mother ofthe kupua (demigod)hero 'Iwa (B.K.H.,1861,p.4),and the mother or grandinother ofKa'ililauokekoa (Hinau,"Kaililauokekoa,"Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika,December 12, 1861,p.1).Variants ofthe name Ho'ano are mentioned in the Pele and Hi'iaka literature.In Moses Manu's (1899)mo'olelo "Pelekeahi'aloa"("Pele ofthe Etemal Fires"),Ho'oipoikamalanai is also known as Wailuanuiaho'ano (p.4).In most versions of "Pele and Hi'iaka,"beginning with J.N.Kapihenui (1861;the first published account),Wailuanuiaho'ano is the wife of Malaeha'akoa,the lame fisherman ofHa'ena who ofFers Hi'iaka and her companions hospitaUtywhen they arrive there in search ofPele's love,Lohi'au (p.l).10 While the couple resided in Ha'ena on the north side ofthe island,the name ofWailuanuiaho'ano as a sacred area within Wailua,and Malae[ha'akoa],a large heiau on the southem bank ofthe Wailua River near the sea,bear their names,demonstrating a connection between them.Wailuanuiaho'ano is named as a wahi pana in the extensive oli makani (wind chant)performed by Pele upon her arrival in Ha'ena in Ho'oulumahiehie (1906)and Poepoe (1908-1911)."The naming ofWailuanuiaho'ano as a wahi pana by Pele indicates it is a very old name.Its use by Ho'oiilumahiehie and Poepoe in the early 20th century indicates the desire ofHawaiian intellechials ofthat time to remember,write,and perpetuate such knowledge. '95 HULILi Vol.8 (2012) It is commonly believed maka'ainana (commoners)lived outside the district of Wailuanuiaho'ano along the coast and in the vast upland kula (open fields,dry lands)region ofWailua,whose rich aiid fertile soil easily supported agricultural production.Mahele records,however,indicate maka'ainana who were already Uving and farming there were awarded small lots (mostly lo'i)through Queen Deborah Kapule.As late as 1835,Simeona Kaiu addressed "na makaainana o Wailua nei"in a letter to Ke Kumu Hawaii inviting them to hear him preach (August 19,1835,p.136).Mahele records indicate Wailua Kai was divided into a number of smaller,named (ili (subdivision of an ahupua'a),including Ohalike, Papohaku,Ku'emanu,Kulahulu,and Pakole.A village called Kauakahiunu was also located there.Kuamanu was the name ofthe kula (plain)that was served by at least two 'auwai (irrigation ditches),Kawliki and Kahihei.Tumultuous changes in population and land tenure were already affecting Wailua during this early period ofsettler colonialism.In a 2004 Cultural Impact Assessment (CIA)for the Kapa'a (highway)reliefroute,Tina BushneU,David Shideler,and Hallet Hammatt write, Within decades of westem contact,Wailua lost its andent importance,and likely its population also.The ali'i who enjoyed and benefitted from their contact with westemers spent more time in Waimea—thepreferred anchorage for visiting ships.Also the complex ofheiau at Wailua lost its significance after the abolishment of the kapu system. By the mid-lSOOs,only a small population,decimated in part by disease,existed in the Wailua River VaUey within a mile ofthe sea.Indigenous farmers would be displaced wlthin decades by larger scale commercial agriculture and associated immigrant laborers.(pp.44-45) The shift and decline in population could explain why few Kanaka filed LCA (Land Commission Award)claims during the Mahele (land division of 1848-1853),and not aU ofthese claims were awarded. ig6 When it was the religious,economic and social center of Kaua'i,more land would have been under cultivation,not only for lo'i and kula,but other traditional crops (i.e.kula crops),such as wauke,noni,bananas,and timber trees.The HOIOMANAWANUI I HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO fact that so few claimed land in Wailua at the time of the Mahele may reflect WaUua's changed status afier trading ships and missionaries arrived.Communities grew up around the new sorial and economic centers,especiaUy on the south side of the island,and drew people sway from their former establishments.(Bushnell,Shideler,& Hammatt,2004,p.40) The impact of the development of a Westem capitalist economy devastated the community ofWaUua.In 1895,Eric A.Knudsen,a rancher for the south side of the island,noted the extensive cultivation ofkalo and rice;by 1935,ethnologist E.S.Craighill Handy (1940)noted that no kalo was under cultivation,and that Wailua's agricultural capabilities were severely underutilized.Bennett's 9-month long archaeological sur^ey (192&-1929),white not specific to Wailua,bemoaned the fact that a great number ofheiau and other sites were already desta'oyed by planta- tions and road construction on the island (Bennett,1971). WaUua uka is generally known today as "Wailua Homesteads,"12 an expansive valley stretching between the mountainous boundaries of Wai'ale'ale,Makaleha, Nounou,and Kalepa.An altemative traditional name for this region is Kaipuha'a.A number ofmo'olelo,heiau,and other sites connect Kaipuha'a to Wailuanuiaho'ano. The poetical connections ofthis and other places in Wailua are evident throughout Hawaiian thought and writing. WAILUA,WRITTEN Kaiu's letter in Ke Kumu Hawaii is the first mention ofWailua in Hawaiian publi- cations.Unfortunately,the next mention of Wailua is two months later,when Kaiu's death was reported by two separate sources to the newspaper (Ke Kumu Hawaii,October 14,1835,p.164).The following year,an article on some ofthe ancient ali'i of Kaua'i was published in the same paper,induding mention of Keaka and Kanaloa as ali'i ofWailua (March 30,1836,p.26). The next reference to WaUua in print is in the 1850s,when Beniamina K.Holi reported on the clearing ofland and the planting ofsugar and rice in the disfa-ict, '37 HUL1LI Vol.8 (20U) the first indications ofWestem settlement and agricultural practices in the area.13 Combined with other Westem influences,such as the shifting of the political center of govemment to Honolulu,O'ahu,and Christianity,the cultural and spiritual devaluation of Wailua was well under way at this time.When Queen Kapule converted to Christianity,she contributed to the destruction ofWailua's sacred sites when she ordered the dismantling of Malae Heiau (around 1830) to make an enclosure for catde,a relatively new and destructive introduction to the islands. The first traditional mo'olelo that mentions Wailua is a briefaccount ofKuapaka'a by S.K.Kuapu'u.Published m Ka Hae Hawaii (1861)as "He Wahi Moolelo"("A Uttle Story"),it indudes an oli makani for Kaua'i,Ni'ihau,and Lehua that names over fifty winds and the 'aina they belong to,including the Wai'opua wind of Wailua (April 16,1861,p.1).This mo'olelo was quickly foUowed by the publication ofother mo'olelo connected to Wailua,such as "Kawelo,""Pele and Hi'iaka,"and "Ka'ililauokekoa."Mo'olelo are miportant because stories "act as psychic frames within which we make sense ofthe events ofthe world [and]...translate experi- ences and the actions ofourselves and others into understandable narratives based on the stories we hold in our minds"(Kdelman quoted in Silva,2007,p.160).Thus the recovery ofmo'olelo is important for revitalizing Hawaiian education and weU- being.One ofthe most important aspects ofmo'olelo (and mele)is the preserva- tion ofplace names not recorded on Westem maps,and the celebratory poetry of place Kanaka Maoli expressed for their 'aina. KAWAI HALAU O WAILUA:THE POETRY OF PLACE As the metaphoric connections of Wailuanuiaho'ano indicate,Wailua and more spedfic locations within and around it are well represented in Hawaiian poetic thought Throughout the 19th century,for example,Wailua was often poeti- cally referenced as a place name in kanikau (chants of moummg)published m the Hawaiian language newspapers,because ofits assodation with spirits,not necessarily because the composer or subject ofthe kanikau was froni that 'aina. KawaiMni ("The Numerous Waters"),the highest peak on Wai'ale'ale ("Rippling Water"),is a place name succinctly manifesting the region's hydrological abundance. 198 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Wailua's plenrifLiI rainfaU is reflected in a pana no'eau,Ka wai halau o Waiiua, "The great expansive waters ofWailua"as "this region is a land oflarge [and many] streams"(Pukui,1986,p.178).Anoliinthemo'oIeloofLa'ieikawairefersto kawai halau as a specifc place name in Wailua (Hale'ole,1919,p.142).The pana no'eau is found throughout a variety ofgenres of 19th-century Kanaka Maoli writing,from letters to newspaper editors to kanikau for ali'i and maka'ainana,and in mele such as the one beginning "(0 ka wai halau i Wailua la"(The expansive waters ofWailua)collected by Mary Kawena Piikui (Bacon &Napoka,1995).This mele is ckssified as a hula aloha,or love dance,and uses nature imagery,particularly mists and rains like those assodated with Wailua,as common metaphorical refer- ences to love.Within the mele,the "Expansive waters ofWailua"are "wai 'awili pu me ke kai"(freshwater mbced with seawater).The rainclouds (naulu) "i ke ano o Pihanakalani"(in the stiUness of Pihanakalani)are mentioned,as are the "Wai pua hau o Maluaka"(the waters ofMaluaka where the hau blossoins are reflected) and the "kalukalu moe ipo o Kewa"(the kalukalu grass of Kewa where lovers sleep;Bacon &Napoka,1995,p.200).Such poetic imagery not only demonstarates the poet's skiU in composing a love song with beautiftd metaphors,but also the poet's knowledge ofthe 'aina and elements assodated with the spedfic place being described.Because ofits clear assodatlon with wai (freshwater),highly regarded in poetic composition for its Ufe-affinning properties and assodation with growth, Wailua and spedfic places within it,its abundant waters,lush vegetative growth, and ability to sustain life,would be attractive subjects for Kanaka Maoli to weave into poetic compositions. Wailua's plentiful waters are evoked in other mele,such as "Hoa Kakele o Na Pali" (Traveling Companion along the Na Pali cliffs).Composed by Luina (1895/2005), it was published in the Buke Mele Lahui (Hawaiian National Songbook)in 1895. Poetic language reflecting the beauty of nature is found throiighout,which comes across as a mele aloha 'aina (patriotic song)expressing the poet's appre- ciation ofthe 'aina.Lines 15-16 proclaim,"Ilihia i ka nani a'o Puna la /I ka wai halau a.i WaUua,"(Overcome by the beauty of Puna there /In the expansive waters ofWaUua),which sums up the poet's central thought in the mele (p.96). Contextualized wifhin the Buke Mele Lahui,aloha 'aina as both "love for the land" and the more directly political ideals of'patriotism"and "nationalism"are inter- twined.Used in other poetic compositions such as kanikau,the expansive waters of WaUua seem to connote a depth of emotion,an expression of aloha for the subject ofthe composition. '99 HULiLI Vol.8 (20U) "Kunihi ka Mauna"(Steep stands the mountain [Wai'ale'ale])is considered an oli kahea (calling chant)used to request permission to enter.It references six place names within and next to Wailua.The lines in the chant can be charted to reveala directional map ofthe specific places named and their relationship to each other. Kunihi ka mauna i ka la'i e Steep stands the mountain in the calm 'O Wai'ale'ale la i Wailua Wai'ale'ale there at Wailua Huki a'ela i ka lani Drawn up to the heavens Ka papa 'auwai o Kawaikini Thefoot bridge ofKawaikini Alai 'ia a'ela e Nounou Obstructed by Nounou Nalo Kaipuha'a Vanished is Kaipuha'a Ka laula ma uka o Kapa'a e The broad expanse above Kapa'a Mai pa'a i ka leo Don't be silent He 'ole kahea mai e. No voice in reply. (C0iwi:A Native Hawaiian Joumal,vol.2,opening pages) "Kuruhi ka Mauna"is a well-known chant found in several Hawaiian language newspaper and English language sources originally published between 1861 and 1928.It first appeared in print in 1861 as part of Kapihenui's Pele and Hi'iaka mo'olelo,although numerous other versions exist.14 200 HO'OMANAWANUI j HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO The name Kaipuha'a can be broken into three parts:ka (the)ipu (gourd)ha'a (low) and taranslated as "the low gourd."The meaning becomes clear from within the valley:the broad,wide,relatively flat grassy plain of the circular valley floor is reminiscent of the hollow interior of an ipu gourd.Other clues come from the chant itself:when one stands anywhere in the seaside town ofKapa'a,the region Hi'iaka refers to as Kaipuha'a is 'alai tia e Nounou,blocked by Nounou mountain; the laula ma uka o Kapa'a,or vast region located above Kapa'a town is thus nalo 'ia, vanished,blocked. The 72-1ine oli "Maika'i na Kuahiwi"(Beautiful are the Mountains),a mele pana (place name chant)for the island of Kaua'i,contains this and other poetic expres- sions.Nine lines are dedicated to the Wailua region,and poetic references to less well-known place names are also noteworthy in this mele. Huikau na makau a ka lawai'a i Wailua, And at Wailua thejishermen's hooks become entangled Lou mai 'o Kawelowai ia Wai'ehu Kawelowai hooks into Wai 'ehu Ua wela 'o Kahifcihaunaka i ke ahi a ka po Heated is Kahikihauna-ka in thejire that bums at night I ke alai a Nounou There Nounou hides itfrom view Nalo Kaipuha'a ka laula ma uka o Kapa'a Hidden is Kaipuha'a,the wide plain above Kapa'a15 He akea ma kai o Puna Broad inde.e.d is the lowland ofPuna 'O ke kalukalu moe ipo o Kewa Covered by the kalukalit grass ofKewa among which lovers sleep He paku ahiahi ka nalu no Makaiwa The surfofMakalwa rolls quietly in 201 HULIL1 Vol.S (2012) Ei aku ke 'awa pae la o Waimahanalua. Andjust before is the canoe landmg,Waimahanalua. (Bacon &Napoka,1995,pp.64-67) Eleven places are named in this section of the mele,including Wailua,in a Une commonly referenced as a pana no'eau in other contexts,"Huikau na makau a ka lawai'a i Wailua"(The fishermen's hooks become entangled at Wailua).A note in the text explains that this indicates "a.smaU sexual current"(f.65).In other literary contexts,such as letters to newspaper editors on various topics,the line is evoked as a metaphoric reference to something (action or thought)considered problematic by the writer.16 "Ke kalukalu moe ipo o Kewa"fThe kalukalu grass of Kewa where lovers lie)is another popiilar pana no'eau that poetically describes the nearby marshy,grass- covered plains of Kapa'a;kalukalu was a famous sedge-like grass associated with the area and now considered extinct.It is also a Kaua'i-specific fine kapa (traditional cloth)reserved for ali'i because ofits high quality. The surfofMakaiwa is also poetically referenced in Hawaiian mo'olelo and mele as it was a famous surfbreak on the north side ofWailua bay,and is associated with ali'i who loved to surf there,although most references to Makaiwa include mention of"Keke'e e ka nalu o Makaiwa"("The twisted siu-fofMakaiwa"). Wai'ehu is an old name for Wailua Falls.Some ofthe places named,such as Kawelowai (a cave behind Wai'ehu falls),KahLkihaunaka (hoine ofKawelo),and Waimahanalua (a canoe landing)are not well known outside specific mo'olelo; KahUdhaunaka,for example,is where the ali'i Kawelo lived. Another well-referenced area of Wailua uka is Pilianakalam,"The Fullness of Heaven,"often described in mo'olelo such as "Ka'ililauokekoa,""Lepeamoa,"and "Kawelo"as the home of akua (gods)and ali'i.It is also closely associated with Queen Kapi'olani,whose genealogy is connected to Kaua'i (her grandfather was Kaumuali'i),and she was often honored with inele filled with Kaua'i references. One example,"Hanohano Pihanakalani"(Esteemed is Pihanakalani),direcdy references Ka'ililauokekoa and begins— 202 HO'OMANAWANUI !HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Hanohano ka uka i Pihanakalani Distinguished is the upland at Pihanakalani I ka leo o ka 'ohe,Kanikawi In the voice ofthe bamboojlute,Kanikawl Nana ho'oipoipo ke aloha Love is made to the sweetheart A loa'a o Ka'ililauokekoa Ka'ililauokekoa is obtained Ke kuini i ka home o na manu The queen in the home ofthe birds Ke 'ala anuhea pua mokihana The cooljragrance ofthe mokihana blossom Ke kona piliahi no Kawaifcini Apowerful one o/Kawaikini He mla i ka luna Wai'ale'ale The lightning above Wai'ale'ale Aneane n6 au [e]la'iwale 1 am almost calm (Yardley &Rogers,1985,p.48) The mele makes explicit reference to Ka'UUauokekoa,whom Yardley summarizes as follows: Ka-'ili-Iau-o-ke-koa whose name appears in line four is a legendary woman of Kaua'i.One night her attendant awakened her to Usten to the beautifiil music ofa mysterious nose flute.Night after night she was awakened to Usten to the music.Fascinated by its beauty she began to look for its source,Her search took her to Pihana-ka-lani 'the abode of supematural beings.'There she found the musician,a handsome young chief.Needless to say it was the beginning ofa famous romance.(p.48) 203 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) In the mele,which Roberts identifies as being composed by Kalala,Kapi'olani is compared to Ka'ililauokekoa,who symbolically represents her,although the mele concludes,"Ha'ina 'ia mai ana ka puana /'O Hali'alaulani kou inoa"(Thus the story is told /Hali'alaulani is your name;17 Yardley &Rogers,1985,p.48).Tatar describes "Hanohano Pihanakalani"as "a well-known mele pana which also functions as a name chant [mele inoa]for Kapi'olani"that is "one ofa set ofthree chants composed for the queen while she was on Kaua'i.-.Pukui believes these chants to have been composed between 1874 and 1876"(pp.288-289).Itwasaround that time that Kapi'olani "visited Kaua'i to survey the needs ofthe people"(Yardley &Rogers,1985,p.48)." The Buke Mele Lahui (Testa,1895/2005)includes a mele for Kapi'olani entiried "Makalapua."19 It is informally divided mto three related sections,each opening with a reference to the aforementioned "Hanohano"chants sta^mg together into one longer mele,the first being "Hanohano Hanalei."From here,places are named mov[ng northwest,from Lumaha'i to Nohili (p.83).The second movement begins with "Hanohano Waimea."Beginning with Waimea on the west side of Kaua'i,the mele names places around the island from the north and includes references to areas in Wailua on the east side,starting with Pihanakalani,before ending with Lihu'e to the south— Nani wale ka iika o Pilianakalani The uplands of Pihanakalani are truly beautijvl 40 Ka leo o ka 'ohe o Kantkawi The voice ofthe bamhoojlute ofKanikawl Nana i hooipoipo ke aloha For whom lovemaking A loa'a o Ka'ililauokekoa Is had by Ka'iUlauokekoa Ke kuini i ka home o na manu The queen ofthe home ofthe birds Ke ala anuhea hua mokihana The sweet wafiingfragrance ofmokihana 204 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO 45 E paihi i ka wai o Kawaikini The trickling ofthe waters o/Kawaikini E uwila i ka luna o Wai'ale'ale As Ughtning/lashes above Wai'ale'ale (E.C.,1895/2005,pp.8+-S5) Each ofthe 34 two-line pauku (stanzas)reference Kaua'i place names.Four ofthese directly address three significant mountain regions of Wailua—Pihanakalani, Kawaikmi,and Wai'ale'ale.Thus while another mele,"Hanohano Pihanakalani," was composed for Kapi'olani,the area is referenced again in "Hanohano Waimea," reiterating the importance ofthis region and its association with chiefly women, such as Ka'ililauokekoa and Kapi'olani. Within this poetic composition,Pihanakalani is assodated with the mo'olelo of Ka'ililauokekoa through the soundmg ofthe 'ohe of Kanikawl,which was used by Kauahiali'i to woo her (Hinau,1861),The flashes oflightning about Wai'ale'ale are ho'ailona (signs)ofchiefly or godly presence,and do not have the same sense of fcragedy or foreboding that storms signify in Westem literature, "Kau Lilua i ke Anu o Wai'ale'ale"("Wai'ale'ale rises haughty and cold"),is a special mele inherited by Kapi'olani that also employs rich images associated with the Wailua region.Pulau describes it as one that "was and still used as a hula pahu, the most popular ofaU"fTatar,1993,p.103).Uke "Kunihi ka Mauna,"there are many variants ofthe mele in multiple collections in the Bishop Museum Archives. Kamakau notes that the chant was composed by Ka'umealani,"a chiefess ofKaua'i andO'ahu[who]UvedduringthetimeofKamehamehaI"(KamakauinTatar,1993, pp.105-106).Pukui noted that the chant "was originally composed for Kaumualii ofKauai and after his death it was ascribed to Kalakaua"(Pukui m.s.,1936,p.57). Emerson had a difficult ti.me imderstanding the nuances and kaona (raetaphoric or hidden meaning)ofthis hula pahu (pahu drum dance),stating that its imagery "is peculiariy obscure and the meaning difficult oftranslation.The allusions are so locat and special that their meaning does not carry to a distance"(Emerson,1997, p.106).However,there is so much depth to the poetry that Tatar devotes nearly one hundred pages to its documentation and shidy (pp.103-177). 205 HULILI Vo!.8 (2012) 'A'ahoaka is a pyramid-shaped pu'u (hill)located between the north and south forks ofthe Wailua River.The name can be translated to "Glowing Fire/'although many other relevant translations are possible:'a'a -hoaka -crescent shape,shining, flash,second day of the month,fig.glory;to drive away,frighten,spirit,ghost. It is speculated that 'A'ahoaka was one of three signal fire sites (the other two being HLkinaakala and Kukui Heiau)that guided fisherman;a State of Hawai'i Final Assessment report on well-drilling there notes that "The fact that Hoaka is also a phase of the moon that is favored for night fishing further supports this idea.Additionally,the name 'A'ahoaka could also suggest that certain fires were lit durmg certain phases ofthe moon"(Interview with Kehau Kehia,Appenduc C, WUson Okamoto Corporation,2004,p.2.17). Named for a young kolohe (rascal)ali'i bom in Anahola,a number of mele reference this pu'u,induding "Hiklkauelia ke Malama"(Sirius the Ught),a wanana (prophecy)composed by Kekuhaupi'o for Kamehameha I predicti.ng his rule over the pae'aina (Ka Na'i Aupuni,June 26,1906,p.1).Many pana no'eau that mention 'A'ahoaka indude references to Ught (malama,malamalama). NA MAKANI O WAILUA (THE WlNDS OF WAILUA) Specific names ofrains and winds for different places across the pae'aina are very common.It is somewhat surprising and ironic that while the Wailua region is recognized and celebrated for its abundant rainfall,no rain names are recorded in traditional mo'olelo.There are,however,several wind names for this region.The name ofthe wlnd at Wailua is Wai'opua,UteraUy,"cloud water."It is featured in an extensive oli collected by Fomander (1915/1999),"Ke Ko'olau o Wailua"("The Ko'olau Wind ofWailua").20 The first publication to name the Wai'opua as the wind of WaUua is a letter by T.W.P.Kahaeklhkiano (1861);it is identified as a makani 'olu (pleasant wind)of Wailua (Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika,October 17,1861,p.3).The next reference is by M.Apahu in a mele inoa for Queen Emma (Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika,March 20,1862, p.1).A version published in 1864 as part ofa kanikau for Mo(i (King)Alexander Lihollho is attributed to Lucy Moehonua and Hana Ulikalani (Ko Nupepa Kuokoa, January 16,1864,p.4).It is also referenced in a letter to the newspaper published 206 HO'OMANAWANUI 1 HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO by L.K.Kala'iopuna in 1866 (November 10,p.3);another version published in the same paper in 1868 identifies it as a "mele koihonua no Kekauluohi"(genea- logical chant for Kekaiituohi)composed by Keaweaheulu Kalanimamahu (August 29,1868,p.l).Wai'opua is named as the wind "ko Wailua"(belonging to Wailua) in Moses Nakuina's The Wind Gourd of La'amaomao (1902,p.59).The Bishop Museum Archives has six versions of the mele.Its catalog identifies Pamahoa as the composer,and it is categorized as a kanikau. References to the \Vai'opua wind are found in other mele,such as "A Wai'ale'ale a nui ta hele kua"pubUshed by Roberts in 1977;it is also induded in Tatar (1993)with a translation by Pukui (Roberts,1926/1977,233;Tatar,1993,2S1).This wind name is also mentioned in an extensive 75-1ine wind chant for Kaua'i in the Kuapaka'a mo'olelo,which also identifies wind names for the surrounding areas. He Waipua'a'ala ka makani kula'i hale no Konolea Waipua'a'ala is the wind that knocks down the houses ofKonolea He Wai'opua ko Wailua Wai'opua is ofWailua He Waiolohia ko Nahanahanai Waiolohia is of Nahanahanai He Inuwai ko WaipouU Inuwai is ofWaipouli He Ho'olua makani ko Makaiwa Ho'olua is the wind ofMakaiwa (Nakuina,1902,p.59;Mookini,1992,p.53) Presented here in context with the wind names associated with areas around Wailua,clearly freshwater is stressed in the number of wind names that contain the word wai.While a wind name chant from the Pele and Hi'iaka mo'olelo also idenrifies the Wai'opua as a wind ofWailua,it is described differendy from the Kuapaka'a version: 207 HULILt Vol.8 (2012) He Hauola ka makani he'e nalu o Kalehuawehe The Hauola is the surfingwind of Kalehuawehe He Malua ka makani lawe pua hau o Wailuanuiho'ano The Malua is the wind that bears away the hau blossoms qf Wailuanuiho ^no Lawe ke Kiukehau makani o Holoholoku The Kiukehau,wind of Holoholoku,carries away He kapu na pohaku hanau ali'i Sacred are the birthstones ofthe chiefs O holo i ka lani,i 'opu'u i loko o 'Ikua,'ae. Rising hewenward are those-who budded in 'Ikua, yes.21 He wa nui ho'i keia o na pohaku hanau ali'i A noisy time is this,for ths stones where chiefs are bom Hanau Hawai'i moku nui akea -Bom ts Hawai'i,great,wide island Hanau o Kaua'i nui Kamawaelualani jBom is great Kaua'i of Kamawa-elua-lctni Hanau o Wailuanuiho'ano Bom is Wailuanuiho'ano Mo ka piko o na mahoe Cut are the umbilical cords ofthe-twins Hanau ka Wai'opua makani o Moanaliha Bom is the Wai'opua,wind ofMoanaUha Kahe ka wai 'ula,kuakea ka moana The water runs red,the ocean white capped Lawe ke au miki me ke au ka Moves the ebb tide and the neap tide He Waialcualawalawa ka makani o Konole'a The Waiakualawalawa is the wind ofKonole'a 208 HO-OMANAWANUi 1 HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO He Wai[o]loh[i]a ka makani o Nahanahanai The Waiolohia is the wind of Nahanahanal He Inuwai ka makani o Waipouli The Inuwai is the wind ofWaipouli He Ho'oluahe'enalu ka makani o Makaiwa The Ho'oluahe'enalu that raises the surfsfor riding,is the wind ofMakalwa (Ho'oulumahiehie,1906/2006,pp.9-10).22 In this oH makani,Malua is identified as the wind ofWailuanuiaho'Sno,while the Wai'opua wind is spedficaUy associated with Moanaliha,an area within the region. Holoholoku.also has its own wind,the Kiukehau,as do two surfing spots outside ofWailua,Makaiwa to the north and Kalehuawehe directiy east.The 1861 letter by Kahaekirikiano mentions "companion" (hoa aloha)winds,the Kikewewai and the Kikewepuahau ofMaIuaka (Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika.October 17,1861,p.3). Wailua is also represented in 'olelo no'eau.In Rice's "Pele a me Kona Kaikaina Hi'iakaikapoliopele"(Pele and Her Younger Sister Hi'iakaikapoliopele;"Ke Ki'i Pohaku ma Kaua'i,"1908),when Hi'iaka lands on the shores ofWailua,she and her companions desire to bathe in the freshwater of Wailua;Hi'iaka tells the kama'aina there,"We will stay awhile and bathe here in the fresh water ofWailua until we are clean and recovered a bit [from the voyage]at this beloved place" (p.l).23 In recounting Moikeha's time on Kaua'i,Kamakau writes that when Moikeha's son Kila sailed to Kahiki and the chiefs there inquired about Moikeha,Kila replied, He is enjoying surfing at the stream mouth,body surfing from moming to night on the waves of Ka'ohala in the sheltered calm of Wairaahanalua—theopenness of Kewa and its swaying kalukalu—thetwo hills that bear Puna like a child in arms—thediving place at Wai'ehu where the taro grows as big as 'ape—thecurling of the waves at Makaiwa—hisbeautiful wife,my mother Ho'oipo-i-ka- malanai.M^o'ikeha wiU die on Kaua'i;he wUl not retum to Kahiki lest his feet be wet by the sea.(hfrtp://www2.hawaii. edu/~-dennisk/voyaging_chiefs /moikeha.html)209 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) During Kamehameha I's reign,he made several attempts to conquer Kaua'i by force.In a raUy cry to his warriors,he made reference to the famous areas of the island,induding Wailua.Historian Samuel Manaiakalani Kamakau (1992) wrote,"Kamehameha's ho'ohiki (watchword)for this expedition was,'Let us go and drink the water of Wailua.bathe in the water of Namolokama,eat the miillet that swims in Kawaimakua at Ha'ena,wreathe ourselves with the Umu [sea- lettuce]24 of Polihale,then retum to O'ahu and dwell there,'none ofwhich wishes were ever realized"(p.187).Prior to Kamehameha's departure to conquer Kaua'i, Lonohelemoa,whom Kamakau (1992)describes as "a kind ofprophet,"appeared before Kamehameha,and urged him not to attempt the expedition,as there would be "a great pestilence"(p.188).But Kamehameha refused to listen,intent on "drinking the waters ofWailua."Kamehameha's forces,numbering over one thousand,stayed on O'ahu for a year.During this period,a sickness catled 'Oku'u swept the island,kUling most of Kamehameha's men.Kamehameha's thoughts tumed away from conquering Kaua'i by force,and he attempted to negotiate with Kaumuali'i for power.Kaumuali'i eventuaUy agreed that upon his death,Kaua'i would be ceded to Kamehameha. WAHI PANAWAILUA:NA MO'OLELO A number of traditional mo'olelo are set in Wailua,with characters who were bom,lived,or visited there.Passed down orally through chant,dance,and story- tetting,many mo'olelo were first written and published in 19th-century Hawaiian language newspapers by Kanaka Maoli,like Kanepu'u,who valued such traditions and recognized the importance ofpublishing and sharing them. One ofthe first mo'olelo published was for Kaweloleimakua,an ali'i bom and raised in WaUua,"He Moolelo no Kawelo"(A Story of Kawelo)was first published by S. K.Kawaili'ila in 1861 (Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika,September 26-December 5).A later, much longer version,"Ka Moolelo Hiwahiwa o Kawelo"(The Esteemed Story of Kawelo),was published by Ho'oulumahiehie in 1909 [Kuokoa Home Rula,January 1-September 3).English language translations ofthis and other mo'olelo were later collected and published by Abraham Fornander,Thomas G.Thrum,William D.Westervelt,WiUiam Hyde Rice,and Martha Warren Beckwith,among others.A chant detaUing the birth of Kawelo and his brothers in the Ho'oulumahiehie text references Wailua[nuia]ho'ano as where he is bom and lives (p.1). 210 HO'OMANAWANUt |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Kaweloleimakua ("Kawelo,beloved by his parents,"also known as Kawelo)was the grandson ofthe great Kaua'i ali'i Kawelomahamahai'a.Kawelo was bom on the same dayas two first cousins,Kawelo'aikanaka (known as 'Aikanaka)and Kauahoa, a giant of Hanalei.All three boys were taken by their grandparents and raised in Wailua.The three boys excelled at sports like boxing and kite flying,although they also developed a jealous rivalry that continued into their adulthood. 'Aikanaka became the ali'i 'ai moku (chiefwho rules a moku)ofKaua'i,residing near Nounou in Wailua.Kawelo moved to O'ahu where he leamed the art ofhula and became a famous dancer.He later rehimed to Kaua.'i where he fought against 'Aikanaka and Kauahoa,and became the ali'i nui ofthe island after defeatmg them. Mo'olelo for Ka'ililauokekoa were published in the Hawaiian language nupepa (newspaper)at least twice,in 1861 and in 1908.In 2002,'Aha Punana Leo released a live acdon DVD ofthe popular romance,the first ofits kind in modem media of hraditional Hawaiian mo'olelo. As a major and beloved figure of Wailua,Ka'ililauokekoa is also celebrated in mo'olelo,as well as the subject ofmany mele.One such mele is "E Pi'i i ka Nahele" (Ascending into the Forest).It is identified by Emerson as a mele aloha (love song) and hula 'ohe (dance accompanied by the bamboo flute),a musical instrument which plays a key role in the mo'olelo ofKa'ilitauokekoa,as it is used by her suitor Kauakahiali'i to woo her. E pi'i i ka nahele Ascending into theforest E 'ike ia Kawaikini To see Kawaikini Nana ia Pihanakalani And gaze on Pihanakalani I kela manu hiilu ma'ema'e At the pristine plumage ofbirds there Noho pu me Kahalelehua Dwelling together with Kahalelehua 211 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) Punahele ia Kauakahiali'i Afavorite of Kaukahiali'i E Ka'ili,e Ka'ili e O Ka'ili,o Ka'ili e! E Ka'ililauokekoa O Ka'ililauokekoa Mo'opuna a Ho'oipoikamalanai Granddaughter of[chiefess]Ho'oipoikamalanai Hiwahiwa a Kalehuawehe Precious one of Kalehuawehe Aia ka nani i Wai'ehu There is the beauty ot Wai'ehu I ka wai ka'ili pu'uwai o ka makemake On the surge that enthralls desire Makemake au i ke kalukalu o Kewa 7 desire-[to be with yow in]the kalu-katu grass ofKewa E he'e ana i ka nalu o Makaiwa Surfing the waves ofMakalwa He 'iwa'iwa 'oe na ke aloha You are the exalted one in love I Wailuanuiho'ano In all ofsacred Wailua Anoano ka hale,'a'ohe kanaka Forlom and empty ofpeople is the house Ua la'i 'oe no ke one o Alio You takepleasure on the beach ofAUo Aia ka ipo i ka nahele While the sweetheart is up here in theforest. (Emerson,1997b,pp.135-137) 212 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO There are eight places named in the mele,including two famous surf sites, Makaiwa and Kalehuawehe,located in Wailua bay,Pana no'eau already discussed,such as the siu-f of Makaiwa and the kaliikalu grass of Kewa and Wailuanuiaho'ano,lend a heightened poetic aesthetic to the mele.Alio (or Walio) is the sandy beach area between the Wailua river mouth that extends south to the area ofNukoli'i (Nukole),bordering the neighboring moku of Hanama'ulu. Ka'ililauokekoa is remembered in more modem mele compositions,such as the mele inoa "Ka'ililauokekoa"composed by Henry Waiau,which references her home,Pihanakalani.25 Episodes in many Pele and Hi'iaka mo'olelo,soine of which are discussed elsewhere in this article.also occur here.It should be noted that the name of the disfa'ict Wailua belongs to is the same as the district on Hawai'i Island where Pele's home Halema'uma'u is located. In the mo'olelo of La'ieikawai (1863,1918),the Kaua'i ali'i 'Aiwohikupua and his sisters,Maileiha'iwale,Mailekaluhea,Maitelauli'i,Mailepakaha,and Kahalaomapuana are from Wailua.Because the royal court is located here,a number ofali'i in fhe mo'olelo begin and end their sea voyages here.Just up the hill from the beach area,on the ridge of Kuamo'oloaokane is the heiau PoU'ahu, named for the snow goddess on Mauna Kea.When 'Aiwohikupua is enroute to Paliuli on Hawai'i to woo La'ieikawai,he meets up with two women along the way, Hina m Hana,Maui,and Poli'ahu.When he fails to keep his promise ofmarriage to Poli'ahu,she exacts her revenge on him.She travels to Kaua'i in search of 'Aiwohikupua.When she discovers that he has promised to marry Hina,she steps aside.But the "Jealous Poli'ahu disturbs the new nuptials by plaguing their couch first with freezing cold,then with buming heat,until she has dhven away her rival. She then herselftakes her final departure"(Hale'ole,1919,p.50). The story of Lepeamoa,whom Westervelt describes as the "chicken girl of Kapalama,"was first written by Samuel Kapohu and published in the Hawaiian language newspaper Ka Nupepa Kuokoa as "He Kaao no Kauilani,ke kupueu o ka iika waokele o Kawaikini i Wailua,Kauai"(The Tale of Kau'ilani,the hero of the upland forest of KawaiJdni in Wailua,Kaua'i;September 18,1869- February 12,1870).Westervelt's English version focuses primarily on the birth of Lepeamoa,Kau'Uani's older sister,in Keahua,Wailua uka;her father's battle against Akuapehu'ale,a fierce enemy who Uved ma kai;her being raised by her paternal graiidparents at Kapalama,O'ahu;Kau'Uani's birth and eventual defeat z'3 HULILI Vol.S (2012) ofAkuapehu'ale;and his search for his sister.Lepeamoa is born as an egg.When she hatches,she is bom as a chicken,with beaufrifLd feathers that are every color of the rainbow.However,this is only part ofthe longer tale. While incomplete,Kapohu's original version goes on to describe how the Maui and O'ahu ali'i love to bet against each other in chicken fights,and how the O'ahu chief Kakuhihewa is about to lose his life in a bet Lepeamoa defeats Mauinui's champion cock,Ke'auhelemoa.This is an interesting tum ofevents,since she is a smaU hen who has no experience fighting,and Ke'auhelemoa is a large,sta-ong, experienced fighting rooster who also happens to be an older relative.Kapohu's mo'olelo goes on to describe Kau'Uam getting married and having a child,and their bird ancestors,such as Keaolewa. Of importance is that family members carry significant place names in the mo'olelo.Their father is Keahua,located m the mountainous region of Pihanakalani,below the peak of KawaiJdni.Keahua's parents are Kapalama (w)26 and HonouliuU (k),who live at Kapalama,O'ahu,and raise Lepeamoa there.This demonsfcrates a connection between the two islands and their chiefly lineages.Lepeamoa's matemal grandmother is named Pihanakalani,and her great-grandfather is Manokalanipo,legendary chiefofKaua'i. As an adult,Kau'ilani (possibly named for a spring in Pihanakalani called Waiu'i, which ages him from infant to young man almost overmght when he is bathed in its waters)mames 'Ihi'ihilauakea of O'ahu (this is also a place name near Hanauma Bay).Their daughter is named Kemamo,a location on the heights ofWai'ale'ale.Also raised on O'ahu,Kemamo marries Waialua (whose younger brother is Mokule'ia),and together they have a daughter,Kawaikini.It is unfortu- nate that the mo'olelo doesn't come to a definitive conclusion,something aU too common m the 19th-century papers. The pu'u separating the two branches of the Wailua river is called 'A'ahoaka. Wichman (1998)notes that it was "named after a young chiefwho lived here.He was particularly handsome,and it was said that he shone and flasbed and his brightness was like lightning or the brightness ofthe second night ofthe moon" (p.79).A mo'olelo for 'A'ahoaka was published in the nupepa Ka Nupepa Kuokoa in 1877 ("He mo'olelo,"1876-1877). This mo'olelo details the events leading up to the birth of 'A'ahoaka,the son of Kalalea (k)and Koananai (w)ofAnahola.Kalalea is the tall peak ofthe mountain of 214 l-IOOMAMAWANU!;HANOHAMO WAIi.UAMUIAnO'ANO that 'aina that now bears his nanie,and Koananai is the name ofthe shorter peak ofthat mountain (December 30,1876,p.1).This is a relatively unknown mo'olelo feahiring many charactcrs named for different mountains and 'aina on the east and north sides ofKaua'i. It is unfortunate the final installments ofthe mo'olelo are missing,as the issues of the nupepa are no longer preserved.The author's identity is also a mystery,since it was either unsigned or signed at the end where the author's identity was Lost along with the missing nupepa installn'ients.Surely rnofe informatiun of'A'ahoaka the chiefand the 'aina would be discovered in these missing installments. Mo'olelo such as these help us recover traditional place names,such as Keahua (now referred to as "Loop Road"or the "Arboretum")and Koananai (now "King Kong's Profile"),and allow us to name places often ignored (such as the pu'u 'A'ahoaka).Such recovery acknowledges and values Kanaka intellectual history and confrributes to the well-being ofour lahui. Pikoiaka'alala is the kupua rat-child born in Wailua into a kupua family;his father is 'Alala and his mother is Koukou.When some boys ofthe area are Jealous ofhis skiU with ko'ie'ie (a water toy),they throw it in the river and he jumps in after it. He is canied out to sea and arrives at Kou,O'ahu.Here he is reunited wlth his sisters,and joins a rat-shooting competition,in which he is declared the champion. Another well-known mo'olelo set in Wailua includes Kalapana.Moolelo Hawai'i o Kalapana,ke keiki ho'opapa o Puna (A Hawahan Story ofKalapana,the Riddling Child of Puna)was first published by Moses Nakuina in 1902,one of the rare mo'olelo published in a book fonn.The story is incomplete and has not been translated into English;a revised version with an ending composed by Pila Wilson was published by Hale Kuamo'o in 1994 under the title No Kalapana,Ke keiki Ho'opapa o Puna (Kalapana,a Riddling Child of Puna).27 While Kalapana is from Puna,Hawai'i,he travels to Wailua to chaUenge fche ali'i Kalaniali'iloa to ho'opapa,a riddling competition.Born into a family known for its sklll in this area,Kalapana's father Kanepoilci is killed by Kalaniali'Uoa in W^ailua.Kalaniali'iloa is famous for his skills in ho'op3pa,and for a pa iwi kanaka (human bone fence)made from the bones ofhis defeated challengers (Nalc^ina,1902,p.2}. Kalapana also lays claim to the 'aina ofWailua,the land where his mother Halepaki is born.In his introduction,Nakuina poetically references Kaua'i as "A ke ao lewa i luna /A ka pua lana i kai o Wailua"(where the clouds float above /and the flowers float on the sea ofWailua;p.1).When Kalapana arrives at Wailua,he befriends 215 HULILI Vol.8 (20U) some kama'aina ofPu'u'opelu near where the ali'i's hale is located,and Kalapana sets up camp near the river.In the completed version by WUson,Kalapana defeats Kalaniali'iloa,and successfully avenges the death of his father.Keli'iokapa'a, Kalaniali'iloa's brother who befriends Kalapana earlier in the mo'olelo,is given authority over the lands ofWailua (p.105).Kalapana reta'ieves his father's bones and retums honie to Hawai'i Island (p.106). Wailua is connected to several mo'olelo associated wlth the demigod Maui and his mother,Hina.In one,Maui lives in Wailua;the eight paeki'i (row ofimages) stones at the mouth ofthe river are his brothers (Dickey,1916,p.16).In another, while Hina is living in Kahiki she dreams ofsurfing in Wailua with a handsome man.Her brother Nulohiki transforms into a canoe,and Hina sails to Wailua where she meets the man,Makali'i.who has descended from the heavens.After Maui and his brothers are bom,Makali'i retums there.At Molohua,an area "Just north ofthe [Wailua]river mouth,"Hina sticks the canoe form ofNulohiJd into the sand,where it transforms into the first coconut tree.Maui would dimb this tree to visit with his father Makali'i.On the plains of Papa 'Alae (Mudhen Flats),the marshland on the north side ofthe Wailua River,Maui discovers the secret offire from the 'alae (mudhens),the fire-keeping bird kupua who lived there. There are a ta'emendous number ofmo'olelo that reference Wailua,Kaua'i,only a smaU nuinber ofwhich have been sunimarized here.They remain to be analyzed and explored in depth for their significance and iinportance for Kanaka Maoli today.Wailua's prominence as a significant wahi pana extends from the ancient to the historical past,and into the present. MA KAI A UKA:WAHI PANA,VOYAGING, AND PHYSICAL SlTES IN WAILUA British Captain George Vancouver was the only Westem explorer to ever land in Waflua.He arrived there in 1793 (Didcey,1916,p.14).While ignored by Westera sailors,Wailu-a was a popular and weU-known starting point and destination in the long-distance voyaging ofthe early migration periods.Known both in Hawai'i and Polynesia,WaUua had a strong connection with canoe voyaging and navlgation in ancient times before the 13th century.These ties are demonstrated in the many historical mo'olelo passed down over the centuries. 216 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO In a relatively unknown Hawaiian language and Kaua'i version ofthe Pele mo'olelo published by WiUiam Hyde Rice (1908),Hi'iaka,in her quest to Kaua'i to find and fetch Pele's lover Lohi'au,sails,and lands her canoe at Wailua from Ka'ena, O'ahu.28 Once landed,Hi'iaka travels over land by foot to Ha'ena,Lohi'au's home. In the mo'olelo ofPaka'a.he sails the first canoe from Wailuanuiaho'ano.This is also where the ali'i Moikeha first setded from Kahiki,bringmg and plantmg the first taro,sweet potato,and banana to Kaua'i (Dickey,1916,p.24).MoUceha's son La'amaUcahiki also landed here,bringing the first pahu drum to Hawai'i. Ma ke Kai:SurfSites,Canoe Landings,Pae Ki'i,Burial Grounds The beach at Wailua has been identified by several names over the centuries.In some mo'olelo,it was called Kemamo,and was a favorite landing for Kaua'i in b-aditional times (Beckwith,1970,p.385).In a letter about the Hui Kawaihau sugar planters,J.H.K.Keliioniwalemaino ofKapahi references the beach as "Ke one loa o Wailua"("The long sands of Wailua";Ka Lahui Hawaii,June 28,1877, p.3).Traditional burial grounds located "ma kai ofQueen Kapule's home"were altemately known as Mahunapu'uone ("Hidden Sand Dunes")and Kunapu'uone (Bushnell,Shideler,&.Hamniatt,2004,p.95).A canoe landing at the north end of the beach was caUed Kapua'iomalahua,which was also used as a steamer landing in the 19th century (Dole,1929,p.10).According to Kamakau (1867),Waimahanalua is the name ofa stream (p.l).29 It is also the name ofa canoe landing near Makaiwa (Bacon &Napoka,1995,p.67),and where Moikeha lands his canoe when he amves in Waitua {Kamakau,1867,p.1).This is possiblywhy Beckwith (1918)identifies the beach landing as "Kamakaiwa"(p.364). The beach area to the south ofthe river was called Alio or Walio.and extended from the river mouth to the rocky point at Hanama'idu.Bennett (1931/1971)noted many sand dune burials there (p.125),which have been reaffirmed by numerous archaeological studies since then.Today this area is referred to as Kawailoa or NukoU'i (Nukoli,Nukole),although Nukoli'i is a section along the south end of the beach that marks the southem boundary ofthe Wailua ahupua'a,separating it from Hanama'ulu. Wailua was famous for its surf breaks,and three are named in mo'olelo.The area just beyond the beach was Ka'ohala ("Thrust Passing";Ma.nu,1899,p.4). Kalehuawehe (The open lehua blossom)is another surfbreak famous in mo'olelo ofWailua,induding the mo'olelo ofKa'ililauokekoa,and in oli makani Pele chants 217 HULtLI Vol.8 (2012) on Kaua'i (Ho'oulumahiehie,1905-1906;Poepoe,1908).It was located on the south side ofWailua bay,in front ofHauola (Wichman,1998,p.79).In Manu's mo'olelo (1899)Pele's older sister Kapo'ulakina'u challenges some surfers of Wailua to a competition;she names the mountainous surf break Kalehuawehe after the men are defeated (Manu,1899,p.4). The famed surfmg spot Makaiwa on the norfch side of the bay is mentioned in many mo'olelo,including "Ka'ililauokekoa,""Kawelo,""Lepeamoa,""La'ieikawai" and several versions of'Tele and Hi'iaka."In Manu (1899),after Kapo'ulakina'u defeats the Wailua surfers in a surf contest she and her sisters disappear from the waves of Kalehuawehe and are then seen across the bay siirfing the waves there;because ofthis,the "surfers there became confused and landed everywhere and because ofthat the surfwas called,[Ke kua nalu o Makaiwa],The-surf-back- of-Makaiwa"(Manu,1899,p.4).In Rice (1908),Hi'iaka and her companions retum to this area after rescuing Lohi'au,where they "arrived at Makaiwa [and]... saw the shore festively adomed with people surfing"(Rice,1908,p.l).30 One way Kalehuawehe can be interpreted from this mo'olelo is "the vanquished experts/ sweethearts."Thus,our traditional mo'olelo preserve the inteUectuaI and culfrural thought process ofnaming geographic sites extended from the 'aina into the kai in ways more culturally relevant and 'aina-inscribed than arbitrary contemporary names,such as "Homers"(Makaiwa),"Cloud Break"(Ka'ohala),or "Black Rock" (Kalehuawehe).31 Heiau KUKUI.A series ofheiau extend from the ocean to the peak of Wai'ale'ale,one of the most extensive collections of heiau in one ahupua'a across the pae'aina. Kukui Heiau is located at Laealakukui ("Pomt ofthe Kukui Path"),the point at the northem end of Wailua bay that marks the ahupua'a boundary between Wailua and Olohena.It is connected with navigation and canoe voyaging and had a prominent role in the early migration period.Its construction is similar to Tahitian and Marquesan maroe (temple)design.Kukui Heiau was built around 1100-1400 A.D.,during the second migration era (Kaua'i Historical Society,1934,p.2). H1KINAAKALA,HAUOLA.Three ofthe Wailua heiau are directiy associated with Kane, an important akua associated with freshwater,suntight,and agriculhire,especially kalo production.The first is Hiktnaakala ("The Rising Sun"),located on the east- emmost point ofthe island on the south bank ofthe Wailua river mouth.Kanaka 218 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Maoli cultural practitioners continue to utilize the heiau and ofFer ho'okupu (ceremonial gifts),as seen in Figure 5.Hauola,considered a pu'uhonua (place of refuge),is located within the boiindaries ofHikinaakala.32 It was a place ofrefuge in traditional times durmg warfare and for those who broke kapu (taboo).After performing certain rihials,refuge-seekers were aUowed to leave after several days (Joesting,1984,p.10).A pohaku piko (umbilical cord stone)is located here,but no pohaku ho'ohanau (birthing stone).HiJdnaakala is the beginning ofwhat has been called the "King's Highway"which leads from the mouth ofthe river up the north fork to the summit ofWai'ale'ale.The begirming ofthis pathway follows the course ofthe river before winding upward along Kuamo'o ridge.Today the mam thoroughfare into Kaipuha'a is named Kuamo'o Road,which is appropriate since kuamo'o also means road or path. FICUREs Ho'okupu iaid on pohaku at Hauola,Hikinaakala Heiau,Wailua,Kaua'i 200;,KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUI 219 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) MALAE.The Malae Heiau was located on the south bank ofthe Wailua River on the ma iika (mountain)side ofthe highway.It is within sight ofPoIi'ahu Heiau on Kuamo'o ridge.The two are considered somehow related,although exactly how is not known (Bennett,1931/1971,p.127).Malae is described as having been built by Menehune {legendary race ofsmall people)with stones from ^/[akaweli on the west side ofthe island,and was the birthplace of Ka'ililauokekoa,although archaeological work for current restoration efforts reveals that the stones used for construction are from Wailua.Wichman (1998)notes that an altemate name of the heiau was Maka'ukiu (p.68).Maka'ukiu is possibly an older name,as it is referenced in many oli and mele for fhe area. HOLOHOLOKU,MANU'ENA,KALAEAKAMANU.Holoholoku,the pohaku ho'ohanau ali'i or royal birthing stones (see Figure 6),are unique on Kaua'i;the only other known birthstones are Kukaniloko in the uplands of Waialua,O'ahu.WaUua's sacred stones are part ofthe heiau Kalaeakamanu ("Crest ofthe Bird"),about 200 yards inland from the sea on the north bank of the Wailua River at the foot of Pu'ziki ("Ti HU1"),Being born here added divine mana to the sacred place occupied by an ali'i (Dickey,1916,p.15).This area is also a known burial area for Kaua'i families,whose descendants still care for their ancestors'iwi (bones)there. It was important that the highest ranking ali'i nui ofKaua'i be bom in WaUua,and that "no one was recognized as a chiefunless bom in the district of Puna;all chiefs... should be bom at [Holoholoku]"(Dickey,1916,p.15).Maka'ainana,however,were sometimes aUowed to give birth at Holoholoku so "[that]child would be a chief' (Joesting,1984,p.9).This idea is reinforced by a traditional chant: Hanau ke ali'i i loko o Holoholoku he ali'i nui The child ofa chiefbom at Holoholokui4 is o high chief; Hanau ke kanaka i loko o Holoholoku he ali'i no The child ofa commoner bom at Holoholoku is a chiefalso; Hanau ke ali'i ma waho a'e o Holoholoku,'a'ohe ali'i—hekanaka ia! The child ofa high chiefhom outside ofHoloholoku is no chief-—a commoner heP (Pukui,1986,p.56). 220 HO'OMANAWANUI ]HANOHANO WAILUANUtAHO'ANO After the birth ofthe child,the ewe (umbilical cord)was wrapped in a piece ofkapa and placed in a crevice of the pohaku piko,located near the pohaku ho'ohanau. This was then "wedged into a crack...[with]pebbles,small stones,or a piece of hala [pandanus]fhiit"(Dickey,1916,p.15).The umbilical cord was a symbol of connection with generadons past,as weU as linking the child with generations yet to be bom.It was believed that ifthe cord ofthe child was stolen,or eaten by a rat, the child woiild become a thief.If,however,the kapa remained undisturbed for 4 days,it was a sign ofa propitious future for the newbom ali'i (Smith,1955,p.34). FICURE 6 The birthing stones ofWailua,Kaua'i ^s^;,_::-;.^^ 200;,KU'UALOHA HO'OWANAWANUI The newbom child was then taken up Kuamo'o,the ridge and pathway along the north bank of the river,to the pohaku kani at the top of the ridge overlooking Wailuanuiaho'ano.The kahuna (priest)chanted the ardval of the newbom ali'i, then struck the pohaku kani in a certain way so the sound traveled up and down the valley and everyone within hearing distance would know a new ali'i was bom 221 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) (Smith,1955,p.34).A Kaua'i Historical Society report (1934)added that "at the birth ofthe royal child the ka'eke in the heiau [Holoholoku]was struck with the hand to announce the event.-.the measure ofthe beat indicated the sex ofthe child" (P.4). Moikeha's youngest son,Kila,was sent by his fath.er to fetch his half brother La'a from Tahiti.La'amaikahiki (as he was called upon his retum from Tahiti) is credited with introducmg the first drum to Hawai'i.In some versions of the mo'olelo,it is the ka'eke drum;in others the pahu is specifically mentioned.These first pahu drums were brought to Holoholoku,where the sacred hula pahu was first taught.When La'amaikahild retumed to Hawai'i,he "first went to Ka Lae [Hawai'i Island]and then to WaUua in Kaua'i.He first taught the hula pahu there at Holoholoku...From Wailua,the use ofdrums spread to other islands"(Pzikui m Tatar,1993,p.16)."The two drums assodated with La'a are named 'Opuku and Hawea,and Hawea is the drum left at Holoholoku. FICURE7 Holoholoku Heiau at the base ofKalaeokamanu Ridge,Wailua,Kaua'i 2005,KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUI 222 HO'OMANAWAHUi 1 HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Bennett (1931/1971)classified Holoholoku (see Figure 7)as a luakini or sacrifi- cial heiau,and notes that La'amaikahiki "introduced the drum into the sacrificial heiau on [Kalaeokamanu];eventually they were used in all human sacrifice heiau" (p.127).Such classification ofHoloholoku by Westem archaeologists contradicts Hawaiian sources.37 Kupuna of the area describe Holoholoku as an agricultural heiau,the stone platform being a foundation for a caretaker's residence.No written records of this history exist,further demonstrating the need to document kupuna knowledge and oral histories ofkama'aina from specific lands.Pukui does not describe Holoholoku as a luakini,and notes that the drums "were used by the priests only for ceremonies and to announce to the surrounding countryside the sex ofthe newbom babes ofthe ruling families.The sound ofthe drum beats for a boy was different fi-om that for a girl.It was used at Ka-lae-o-ka-manu heiau when a new member was born to the royal family at Holoholoku"(Pukui ms., 1936,p.35).That the ali'i would have a luakini for human sacrifice literally steps away from the sacred birthing stones makes no sense,and instead appears to be a misinterpretation ofthe site,its function,and perhaps the function ofthese pahu as well,as there is no evidence hula pahu were used for human sacrifice ceremo- nies.Few heiau were known to be assodated with specific pahu;Holoholoku.and Kalaeokamanu are two of only twelve named heiau across the pae'aina "consis- tently associated with certain pahu,usuaUy named"and the only heiau on Kaua'i with such distinction (Tatar,1993,p.33).i8 A sacred coconut grove associated with Holoholoku no longer exists.The coconut grove on the grounds of the former Coco Pahns hotel is usuaUy mistaken as the sacred grove,but according to Kaua'i Historical Society records (1934),"this grove oftrees was planted as an experiment in 1896"3 years after the overthrow ofthe Hawaiian govemment (p.1). Bennett surveyed an unnamed heiau "on the north blufF of the WaUua river in the cane field a mile from the sea"(p.128).This heiau is identified as Kapu'ukoa (p.141).No additional information on this heiau has been discovered. POLI'AHU.Poli'ahu Heiau (see Figzure 8)is situated on Kuamo'o ridge.Very Httle is known about it,although Dickey speculates it was associated with the powerful spiritual art practice of'ana'ana,often misinterpreted as "sorcery."Joesti.ng argues that Poli'ahu Heiau was devoted to the interests and affairs of the gods,and kanaka were not allowed there as the "deities gathered once a month on the nights of Kane"(p.12).This information appears to come from an zmpublished article 223 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) by Kaua'i Historical Society founder J.M.Lydegate,"Out ofthe Olden Times at Wailua Kai,"which was read at a Historical Society meeting in 1916.However,as this heiau sits on a very narrow ridge that leads into the upland region direcdy from Wailuanuiaho'ano,I am skeptical that this is a plausible interpretation ofits function.Moreover,Poli'ahu Heiau sits within direct view of Malae Heiau.across the river and down the hill near the sea.While the relation between the two isn't clear,culhiral practitioners agree that some relationship exists between the two. FICURE8 The eastern face ofPoli'ahu Heiau,Kuamo'oloaokane Ridge,Wailua,Kaua'i,with Mauna Kapu,the northern side of Kalepa mountain range in the distance ^^^s^s^s :.-^-•^ii^M^^^^^"^ 2005,KU'UALOHA HO'OMANAWANUI Its association wlth the mo'olelo ofLa'ieikawai is summarized earlier in this article. In another mo'olelo,Smith (1955)describes a maka'ainana,Hihiakalalahau,who fell m love with the goddess.At the time she resided on the summit ofKuamo'o (presumably where the heiau is located).Ifhe wanted to be with her,she told him,he must climb the hUl before daybreak.As he neared the top she used her supematural powers to transfonn him into a hau taree.Thus,the story clauns, 224 HO'OMANAWANUI ]HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO he became the first hau tree on Kaua'i.Furthermore,the hau leaf itself has five main veins extending from the base of the heart-shaped leaf where the stem is located.The shape of the leaf is reminiscent of Kaua'i,and the "heart"or piko represents Wai'ale'ale.Each vein is said to represent the five main riverways on the island:Waimea,Hanapepe,Wailua,Kealia,and Hanalei (p.47).Dickey identi- fies Hihiakalalahau as a sperific wahi pana located along the Wailua River below Poli'ahu Heiau (Dickey,1916). KA'AWAKO.Ka'awako Heiau is located on the summit of Wai'ale'ale.Utde is known about it today,other than that it was the most sacred heiau dedicated to Kane (Joesting,1984,p.4).Constructed ofsmooth pahoehoe lava,it contained a large phallic stone at the rear of the sfa-ucture.It is situated next to a large pond, Wai'ale'ale,from which the mountain derives its name.On an expedition to the summit published in 1946,Kaua'i resident Eric Knudsen writes that his Hawaiian guide,Kualo,said it was a temple dedicated to the war god Ku (Knudsen,1946, pp.41-42). Other:Ki'i PShaku,Caves,Holua.Slide,HUls,Loko I'a Kl'l POHAKU (PETROCLYPHS):PAE Kl'l A MAHU.Near the SOUth bank ofthe Wailua river mouth,also called Pahutu,is the location of a row of large boulders with carved petroglyphs collectively called "Pae Ki'i a Mahu."Two etiological mo'olelo explain the source ofthese pohaku.One mo'olelo is related to the Maui legend; when he and his brothers are tiying to pull the islands together,his brothers look back,and are tumed into these stones (Wichman,1998,pp.70-71).In Manu's 1899 Pele mo'olelo,her older sister Kapo'ulakina'u challenges some kama'aina of Wailua to a siu-fing contest.During the contest,the male surfers wipe out in the huge surfand are transformed into the pae ki'i (Manu,July 8,1899,p.4).Little is knowii about the significance of the stones or the reference to mahu (alter- nately marked,it can refer to steam,vapor,a variety oftree simUar to 'olapa,quiet, peacefiil,weak in flavor or taste,and/or homosexual or hermaphrodite).Any interpretation at this point,however,is purely speculative.More anlaysis of the mo'olelo they are mentioned in is still needed. THE CAVES OF KAHALEOKAWELOMAHAMAHAI'A,MAMAAKUALONO,KALUAMOKILA; HOLUA SLIDE.There are a number of caves in the area,both above and below water.An underwater cave on the north bank of the WaUua River is called Kahaleokawelomahamahai'a (The Home of Kawelo with Fish Gills). 225 HULIL]Vol.8 (2012) Kawelomahamahai'a was an ali'i of Kaua'i who was also the grandfather of the hero and later chief Kaweloleimakua.After his death,Kawelomaha- mahai'a was worshipped as a shark deity and believed to live in the cave Kahalekawelomahamahai'a in the Wailua River. Above Malae Heiau on the south fork ofthe river is Mamaahialono (the Chewing God Lono),a large cave known today as the Fem Grotto.This is not an ancient wahi pana,although there are seven burial caves located in the sheer diff face above it.Another example of Euro-American mythmaking,Joesting says that th.is area was associated with human sacrifice,as "after the flesh had faUen from the bones ofthe human sacrifice at Holoholoku,the remains were buried here"(p.10). However,there is no evidence that Holoholoku or any ofthe Wailua heiau were luakini.In one mo'olelo,it is the home ofMamaakuatono,the sister ofNiolopua, the god of sleep.She was greatly skilled in kapa making.Her brother Niolopua Uved in a cave on the sheer clifFofMauna Kapu above her.She had two other bird kupua brothers,Kolea and 'Olili,and after their deaths her brothers became three large pohaku that overlook the cave (Widiman,1997). Kaluamokila ("Mokila cave")is a cave that extends north to south through Pu'uki near Holoholoku Heiau.The south entrance was located underwater in the Wailua River,and the north entrance on the hill.The mo'o (lizard)Mokila was thought to reside here.Mokila is also a Kaua'i name for the needles used to string lei (www.wehewehe.org). In a visit to Wailua in 1824,missionary Hiram Bingham mentions a holua sUde here but ofFers litde detail.Thus far,this holua slide has not been documented in various archaeological reports (Bingham,1847,pp.220,231). LOKO I'A/PAPA ALAE.There were two fishponds in the area,one in the sea at Laealakukui,and the other just inside the n-iouth of the Wailua River.One of Queen Kapule's fishponds is identified as Weuweukawaiiki in LCA 3111/3559 (R.M.Towill,2009,p.158). Wailuanuiaho'ano,the Great Sacred Wailua,was an ideal center for Kaua'i ali'i because its abundant resources offered many comforts and necessities.Rapid colonization throughout the 19th and early 20th cenftiries desb-oyed many signifi- cant wahi pana—heiaudismantied for road and other construction,lo'i kalo replaced with rice paddies and pasture lands,and loko i'a abandoned or tumed into ornamental ponds.Traditional mo'olelo have been replaced with an American 226 HO-OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO curriculum in schools,and Hawaiian akua and spirituality replaced by Christianity. While the cultural and spiritual status of Wailuanuiaho'ano in traditional times has been obsciu'ed by Westem colonialism,it still holds an important place in Hawaiian history,culture,and mo'olelo. REMEMBERING,RECOVERING,AND WRITING PLACE Remembermg,recovering,and writing place provides the indigenous framework for research into place that intersects with—andalso difFers from—other academic disriplines,where memory is not always considered a relevant discourse in academic research.Within the disciplines ofindigenous and culhiral studies, however,memory is a recognized and viable methodology in research;remem- bering is one of twenty-five indigenous projects of decolonization and research identified by Tuhiwai Smith (1999,p.146).In the context ofindigenous research, memory and the act of remembering is not merely an exercise of nostalgic recol- lection,but an active process,particularly in the area of"ancestral memory,"which Pualani Kanahele describes as connecting us to our 'aina (Kanahele,2011,preface). In her essay "I Am This Land and This Land Is Me"(2005),Kanahele also clearly articulates the metaphoric and symbiotic relationship between kanaka and 'aina that is not just theoretical or ofthe past,it is personal and ongoing in the present. Within the field ofcultural studies,collective memory is often discussed as both shaping and defining national (political)identities.Within indigenous studies, however,the collective identity shapes and defines the cultural memories of the people along genealogical and cultural lines that precede and often supercede our current national identity within the United States.For indigenous people,what is remembered and why it is considered important to remember is central to mdigenous research.For Kanaka Maoli,wahi pana,mo'oku'auhau,genealogical connecdons to 'aina,the deeds of illustrious gods,chiefs,and ancestors,all of which reflect aloha 'aina,a key cultural value,are important to remember,recover, and write. Remembering was an unportant impetus for Hawaiian intellectuals such as Poepoe to write and publish mo'olelo-In a 2010 Hulili article analyzing oli makani as a key literary device,Noenoe Silva points out that Poepoe used the term kulana pano'ono'oio describe the wind chants as a "remembering fLinction...for the benefit 227 HULILI Vol.S (2012) ofreaders and future generations"(p.237).Writers and educators like Kapihenui and Poepoe saw the val-ue ofsuch knowledge,as do Hawaiian educators such as Kanahele,Silva,myself,and others today.Silva reiterates Kanahele's message that such valuing of knowledge is ongoing,as "this cherishing of knowledge is not confined to the past but continued into Poepoe's time,the early 20th century,and continues now into our time as well"(p.238). Recovermg and revitalizing cultural knowledge,such.as 'olelo Hawai'i (Hawaiian language),and putting it into contemporary pracfrice has been a key part ofindig- enous educadon movements such as Hawaiian language immersion schools. Tuhiwai Smith identifies connecting,restormg,and retuming as three indigenous projects synonymous with recovery.The term recovery means "getting back,"but also connotes "getting over"or past something,such as the colonial history that suppressed Hawaiian cultural knowledge and encouraged (or forced)Kanaka Maoli abandonment of major areas of our intetlectual history.The recovery of cultiral knowledge includes extraction of information from Hawaiian language newspapers and other archives,translation and study of myriad texts and genres, such as mo'olelo,oli,mele,and hula,and discussion with kupuna,culhiral practi- tioners,and other resources about the 'aina in question. Moreover,recovery is also about utilizing Hawaiian language resources.Far too often,scholars and researchers are content to rely on secondary English-language sources which are often poor translations misrepresenting primary Hawaiian language texts,or poor interpretations of Kanaka Maoli practices.Such overreli- ance on secondary sources is described by Hawahan language professor Puakea Nogelmeier in his book on Hawaiian language primary materials Mai Pa'a i ka Leo (2010)as "a discourse ofsufficiency,"where researchers not fluent in the Hawaiian language often just ignore vital resources.Such omissions have real world negative consequences,since flawed research is then offcen used by other scholars or writers to perpetuate incomplete,inaccurate,or misinterpreted informatLon.Today,this kind offabrication is enabled to spread more widely and rapidly than ever through blogs,websites,and social media.Wailua has not escaped these trends,and it is possible to trace misinformation about Wailua and its sources across the World Wide Web. Furthennore,flawed research is also used by local goveniments,developers, and community groups in planning projects and granting permits.An ongoing example in Wailua is the development of the Ke Ala Makalae (The Beach Path) Walking/Bike Path Project and the proposed redevelopment ofthe old Coco Palms 228 HO'OMANAWANUI ]HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Hotel property.In 2004,an EIS (Environmental Impact Statement)was prepared which conduded,in part,that there were no significant burials on the Coco Palms property,despite oral traditions and other cultural information to the contrary, allowing the permitting process to proceed.Similarly,the Ke Ala Makalae project also continues,despite Kanaka Maoli protest and legal actions.The EIS is incom- plete because it was prepared only from English language sources,and is being used nonetheless to justify these controversial projects.Ironically,one argument used to sway the community is that development ofthe walking/bike path woutd contribute to Hawaiian physical well-being,while the destruction or displacement of andent burials and cultural sites important to spiritual,psychological,and emotional well-being is not being considered.The economic development of the Coco Palms property will create jobs and alleviate unemployment and aid financial well-being,but in a tourist-serving capadty with limited job growth opportuni- ties,at the cost ofdestroying or displacing some ancient burial and cuJtural sites and probably Umiting access to others.Not surprisingly,no Kanaka MaoU were principle investigators in the EIS process.Such incompletely researched misrep- resentations of'aina higHight the need for Kanaka Maoli to write place as another way to malama 'aina—tohonor,protect,and defend our beloved lands and culhu-e, and contribute to the spiritual and overall well-being ofour lahui. Writing place,or writing about place,is a new area offocus within the discipline of composition and rhetoric studies.Within a specifically indigenous context,writing about place is also writing about our cultural,ancestral,and genealogical connec- dons to the 'aina.It includes culturally specific genres ofwriting that demonstrate the relationship ofour ancestors to place,their worldview developed from living on that 'aina,and the poetic,intellectual,and philosophical epistemologies that result. Tuhiwai Smith (1999)discusses the role ofwriting and culturally based research for indigenous scholars.She argues that reading and writmg are an essential aspect of knowledge production that "has influenced the ways in which indigenous ways ofknowing have been represented,"and that colonial misrepresentation of indigenous people "is important as a concept because it gives the impression of truth"(p.35).Indeed,colonial texts misrepresent indigenous people as well as our lands,languages,worldviews and cultural practices to the point where,as Tuhiwai Smith argues,"we can barely recognize oLirselves through the representation"(p. 35).She evokes MSori writer Patricia Grace's point that writing is dangerous,in part,because it is "never innocent"(p.36).This is predsely why it is important for Kanaka Maoli to remember,recover,and undo the colonial representations of ourselves.our culfrure,and our 'aina. 229 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) As Cherryl Smith points out,academic writing is a way of "writing back"against colonial misrepresentations and also a way of simultaneously "writing to ourselves"and the communities we come from (Smith in Tuhiwai Smith,1999, p.37).Such writing back includes different texts,literature,and sources that inform our research,which "contributes to a different framing ofthe issues.The oral arts and other forms of expression set our landscape in a different frame of reference...the academic disciplines within which we have been trained also frame our approaches"(p.37). The concept of Indigenous Literary Nationalism is rooted within the development ofNative American Uterary NationaUsm over the past decade.While Smith's work focuses on the role ofindigenous academic research and writing in representing indigenous people,knowledge,and practice in a more respectfid way,Indigenous Literary Nationalism also includes the primary work of indigenous writers and thinkers,particularly focusing on Uterary productions,such as mo'olelo. Both ofthese approaches are usefiil in helping us remember,recover,and write place in a way that is not just romanticized or nostalgic,but works to support the lahui and our educational goals for a more culturally literate,weU-rounded popula- tion,a process which will contaibute to overall health and well-being. Continued writing about place is an important part of 'Ike (Aina,just as Kanaka Maoli continue to have a relationship with our 'aina.Wailua's historical,cultural, and poetic significance is rarely celebrated in contemporary oli,mele,or mo'olelo. This realization inspired me to compose a mele aloha 'aina for the important wahi pana called "Wailuanuiaho'ano." He nani mai ho'i kau Oh how beautiful indeed 'O Wailuanuiaho'ano Great Wailua ofthe chlefHo'ano I ka wa kahiko In times past Kaulana kou inoa. Famous is your name. 230 HO'OMANAWANUI 1 HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Ma mua o Kalanipo Before [Mano]Kalanipo Ilihia i ka muliwai You landed at the river mouth,struck by the beauty Kahi kapu o na ali'i Sacred place ofroyalty Kinohi i Kahiki mai. Ori^nating in Kahiki. Eo e Wai'ale'ale Greetingsto Wai'ale'ale Mauna kukilakila i ka 'iu Standing proud in the distance Pi'iku i ke kuamauna Climbing the steepness to the top Kuamo'oloaokane. Along the great Uzard back of[the god]Kane. Kahi laha'ole kehakeha Indeed a rare,choice place 'O Wailuanuiaho'ano Is Wailuanuictho'ano Mai Hauola i Ka'awako From Hauloa to Ka 'awako Laula i ka la'i akea. Widespread peace and tranquilily. Ha'ina 'ia kou wehi Yourpralses have been sung, 'O WaUuanuiaho'ano Wailuanuiaho 'ano 231 HOLILI Vol.8 (2012) Puana 'ia ku'u mele My sfory is foid Kahi i aloha 'ia. Ofthe place that is much loved. (ho'omanawaniii,1998,p.177) In each pauku in the mele,place names in Wailua and historical figures associ- ated with it are recalled and remembered,a reminder to Kanaka Maoli today of the Ulustrious place ofthis beloved wahi pana in the mo'olelo ofour lahui.Other contemporary mele that also celebrate the beauty,history,and importance of this 'aina include "Hanohano Wailuanuiahoano"by Maui chanter Charles Kaupu (2006)and "Eo e Wailuanuiahoano"by Leilani Rivera Bond (2008)who was also raised in Kaipuha'a.Uke other mele aloha 'atna,each of these contemporary mele for Wailua express deep love and appredation for the 'aina,echoing the relationship between composer and 'aina. HA'INA 'IA MAI ANA KA PUANA (CONCLUSION) Ha'mo 'io mai ono ka puana,"thus the story is told."This is a common hterary device in Hawaiian mele indicating that the mele is ending.As Kanepu'u reminds us,it is important to leam,document,and teach our cultural and Uterary history embodymg the most fundamental Hawaiian cultural value—aloha'aina,patrio- tism,our love for our land. We cannot expect,after nearly two centuries of educational disconnection in a colonially derived educational system,that others will provide the answer to our educational woes.As the theme for the fifth WIPCE (World Indigenous Peoples Conference on Education)in Hilo reminded us in 1999,"Aia na ha'ina i loko o kakou—Theanswerlies withinus."Kumu (teacher)Pualani Kanahele encourages us to remember,"We have to pay attention to our Native Hawaiian intelligence and experiences.We should be able to look for them,define them—becausenothing is lost.In fact,we stUl have a lot ofknowledge that was left to us by our ancestors. It's still there;we just have to go look for it.That's what we're aU about—research" (Kanahele,2005,p.21). 232 HOIOMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Our huaka'i (trip)through Wailua,a wahi pana rich in beauty and history, included poettc imagery captured in literary expression from the ancient past to the present century.Thus,it is appropriate to depart with a mele composed by Queen Lili'uokalani and Kapoli,"WaUua Alo Lahilahi"(Wailua of Delicate Face). The Bishop Museum Archives catalogues it as a himeni (hymn)as well as a mele inoa for Princess Ka'iutani.It also speaks ofthe beauty ofthis place,which we can appreciate through her words. 'Ano'ai wale ka hikina mai Unexpected was our arrival Ka 'ikena i ka nani o Wailua Seeing the beauty ofWailua 'Elua ma.ua.me ka hali'a Two ofus withfond memory I ka piko wai'olu o Kemamo At the cool summit ofKemamo Nani wale Lihu'e i ka la'i So beciutifid is Llhu'e in the calm I ka noe a ka ua Pa'upili In the mist ofthe Pa'upili rain 'O ke ahe mai a ka makani In the gentle blowing A ka Malualuaki'iwai o Lehua Ofthe Malua-luaki'iwai wind ofLehua (Hui Hanai,1999,p.275) 233 HULILI Vol.S (2012) REFERENCES Bacon,P.N.,&Napoka,N.(1995).Na mele welo,songs ofourheritage.Honolulu,HI: Bishop Museum Press. Beckwith,M.W.(1918).The Hawaiian romance.of Laieikawai.Washington,DC: Govemment Printing Offlce. Beckwith,M.W.(1970).Hawaiian mythology.Honolulu,HI:University ofHawai'i Press. Bennett,W.C.(1971).Archaeology ofKauai.New York:Krauss Reprint (Origmal work published 1931) Bingham,H.(1847).Residsnce oftwenty-one years in thc Hawaiian Islands.Hartford,CT: H.Huntmgton. Bushnell,K.W.,Shideler,D.,&Hammatt,H.(2004).Cultural impact assessmentfor the Kapa'a reliefroute;Kapa'a,WaipouU,Olohena,Wailua and Hanama'ulu,Island of Kaua'i.Prepared for Kimura Intemational by Cultural Surveys Hawai'i. Damon,E.M.(1931).Koamalu.Honolulu,HI:Stai.BulIetin Press. Dickey,L.(1916).Stories ofWailua,Kauai (Hawaiian Historical Sodety Annual Report). Honolulu,HI:Hawaiian Historical Society. Dole,C.S.(1929).The hui Kawaihau (Papers ofthe Kaua'i Historical Sodety,no.16). Lihu'e,HI:Kaua'i Historica]Sodety. E.C.(2005).Makalapua.In F.J.Testa (Ed.),Buke mele lahui [Hawaiian National Songbook](pp.83-86).Honolulu,HI.(Original work published 1895) Emerson,N.B.(1997a).Pele.and Hiiaka,a mythjrom Hawaii.HonoluJu,HI:'Ai Pohaku Press.(Originalworkpublished 1915) Emerson,N.B.(1997b).Unwritten literature,the sacred songs ofthe hula.Honolulu,HI:'Ai Pohaku Press.(Origmal work published 1909) Fomander,A.(1999).Fomander collection ofHawaiian antiquities andfolklore:The Hawdiian account ofthe.formation oftheir islands and origin oftheir race,with thc traditions oftheir migrations,etc.,as gathercdjrom original sources.Honolulu,HI:'Ai Pohaku Press.(Original work published 1913-1915) H.,B.K.[B.K.Holi].(1861,December 5).He wahi kaao no Mokulehua [A legend for Mokulehua].Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika. Hale'ole,S-N.(1919).The Hmvaiian romance of Laleikawai.Washington,DC:U.S.Bureau ofAmerican Ethnology. Hsuidy,E.S.C.(1940).The Hawaiian Pianter;Vol.1 (Bishop Museum BuUetia 161). Honolulu,HI:Bishop Museum Press. 234 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Hawai'i State Department ofEducation.(2005,March 21).Kapa'a Elementary School, school statw and improvement rcport.System Evaluation and Reporting Section, Systems Accountability Office,OfRce ofthe Superintendent.Honolulu,HI:Author. Updated as ofNovember 1,2005.Retrieved May 31,2009,from http://arch.kl2.hi.us/ PDFs/ssir/2004/Kau.u/SSIR454-7.pdf He Mo'olelo No Aahoaka Ke Koa a me Kona Hanau Kupanaha 'Ana He Mo'olelo Kahiko no Kaua'i.(1876,December 30-1877,March 3).Ka Nupepa Kuokoa-. Hinau,S.(1861,October 31-December 5).He Moolelo no KaUilauokekoa.Ka Hoku o kfl Pakipika. Hongi,H.(Trans.).(1908).The story ofthe "Taldtunu"canoe.Joumal ofthe Polynesian Society,7.99-107. ho'omanawantii,k.(1998).Wailuajiuiaho'ano.'Oiwi:A Nativc Hawaiian joumal,1. ho'omanawanui,k.(2008).'Ike 'Stna:Native Hawaiian cutturaUy based mdigenous literacy.Hulili:Multidisdplinary Research on Hawaiian Wdl'Being,5,203-244. Ho'oulumahiehie.(1906).Ka moolelo o Hiiakaikapoliopele.(J.M.Poepoe,Ed,).Hawaii Aloha.Honolulu,HI. Ho'oulumahiehie.(1909,jfanuaiy 1-September 3).Ka moolelo hiwahiwa o Kawelo. Kuokoa Home Rula. Ho'oulumahiehie.(2000).Kamehaineha and his warrior Kekuhaupi'o (F.Frazier,Trans.). Ka Na'i Aupuni (Original work published 1906) Ho'oulumahiehie.(2006).Ka mo'olelo Hi'iakaikapoliopele pThe epic tale of Hi'iakaikapoHopeIe](P.Nogetmeier,Trans.).Honolulu,HI:Awaiaulu Press.(Original work published 1905-1906) Hui Hanai.(1999).The Queen's songbook by Her Majesty Queen Lili'uokalani.(B.B.Smith, Ed.).Honolulu,HI:Author. Joestmg,E.(1984).Kaua'i,the separate kingdom.Honolulu,HI:University of Hawai'i Press. Kaiwi,M.A.K.(2006).Grounding Hawaiian learners—andteadhers—intheir mdigenous identity.Hulili:Multidisciplincf-ry Researc-h on Hawaiian Well-Being,3,27-36. Kaiwi,M.A.K.,&Kahumoku III,W.(2006).Makawalu:Standards,curricuJum,and assessment for Uterature through an indigenous perspective.Hiilili:Multidisciplinary Research on Hawaiian Well-Being,3,183-206. Kamakau,S.M.(1867,January 12).Ka mo'olelo o Kamehameha I.Ka Nupepa Kuokoa. Kamakau,S.M.(1976).The works ofthe people ofold.Honolulu,HI:Bishop Museuni Press. 235 HULILI Vol.8 (2012) Kamakau,S.M.(1992).Ruling chiefs of Hawai'i (Rev.ed.).Honolulu,HI;Kamehameha Schools Press.(Origmal work published 1961) Kanahele,P.(2005).I am this land,and this land is me.HitUU:Multidisciplinary Research on Hawaiian Well-Being,2,21-30. Kanahele,P.K.(2011).Ka honua ola:'EH'eli kau mai /The livwgcarth:Descend,de.epen the revelation.Honolulu,HI:Kamehaineha Publishing. Kapihenui,J.N.(1861,December 26-1862,July 17).Moolelo no HiiakaiIcapoUopele.Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika. Kaua'i Historical Society.(1934).The heiau at Wailua.No publication data available. Ke Kii Pohalcu ma Kauai.(1908,October 15).Ka HokO o Hawai'i. Knudsen,E.A.(1895).A Trip Around Kauai and Some Personal Experiences on the Na Pali Coast,IS9S (The Kauai Papers,pp.150-166).Kaua'i Historical Sodety,Uhu'e,HI. Raudsen,E.A.(1946).Teller of Hawaiian tales.HonoluJu,HI. Luina.(2005).Hoa kakele o na pali.In F.J.Testa (Ed.),Buke mele lahw (p.96).Honolulu, HI.(Original work published 1895) Lydegate,J.M.(1916,November 16).Out ofthe old times at Wailua Kai.Unpublished paper read at the Kaua'i Historical Sodety meetmg.Uhu'e,HI:Kaua'i Historical Sodety Archives. Manu,M'.(1899,July 1).Pelekeahialoa a me Wakakeakaikawai.Ka Loea Kalaia-ina. Mookini,M.(1992).The windgourd ofLa'amaomao (D.Kawaharada,Ed.,S.Nakoa,&.E.T. Mookiru,Trans.).Honolulu,HI:Kalamalcu Press. Nakutna,M.(1902).Moolelo Hawai'i o Kalapana,ke keiJd hoopapa o Puna.Honolulu,Hl; Grieve Publishing. Nogelmeier,P.(2010).Mdipa'a i ka leo:Historical voice in Hawaiian primary materials, lookingforward and Ustening back.Honolulu,HI:Bishop Museum Press. Office of Hawauan Affairs.(2006).Native Hawaiian Data Book.Honolulu,HI: Office ofHawaiian Affairs,Plaiuiing and Researdi Office.Retdeved May 31,2009 fromhttp://www.oha.org/pdf/databook/2006/databook Poepoe.J.M.(1908,January-1911,January).Moolelo kaao o Huakaikapoliopele.Kuokoa Home Rulft. Pukui,M.K.(1936).Hulas ofKaua'i.Unpublished manuscript.Pukui CoUection,HI.M. 72,Case 4.Honolulu,HI:Bishop Museum Arduves. Piilcui,M.K.(1986).'Olelo no'eau,Hawaiian proverbs and poetical sayings.Honolulu,HI: Bishop Museuni Press. 236 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO Pukui,M.K.,&EIbert,S.H.(1986).Hawaiian dictionarf (Rev.ed.).Honolulu,Hl: University ofHawai'i Press. Pufcui,M.K.,Elbert,S.H.,&Mookini,E.T.(1986).Placc nnmes ofHawai'i.Honolulu,HI: University ofHawai'i Press, R.M.Towill Corporation.(2009,August 31).Ma'alo,Wailua Ahupua'a.In Report ofthe Mayor's Advisory Committee on Landjill Site Selection and Site Data:Vol.2.Site Data Sheets (Appendix B,tab 11,section 9).Prepared for the Coimty ofKaua'i Depatment of Public Works Refuse Division,Uhu'e,HI. Rice,W.H.(1908).He moolelo no Pele a me Kona Kaikaina Hiiakaikapoliopele.Ka Hoku o Hawaii (S.B.Desha (r.,Ed.).HUo,HI:Ka Hoku o Hawaii. Rlce,W.H.(1923).Hawaiian legends.Honolulu,HI:Bishop Museum Press. Roberts,H.(1967).Andent Hawaiian music.New York,NY:Dover Publications.(Original work published 1926) Roberts,H.(1977).Ancient Hawaiian m'usic.Gloucester,MA:P.Smith.(Original work pubUshed 1926) Silva,N.K.(2007),Pele,Hi'iaka,and Haumea:Women and power m Hawaiian language literature.Women Writing Oceania,a.spedal issue of Pacific Studies.Eds. C.Sinavaiana &K.Kauanui.La'ie,HI:Padfic Studies Institute. Silva,N.K.(2010).E Lawe i ke O:An analysis ofjfoseph Mokuohai Poepoe's account of Pele calttng the winds.Hiilili:Multidisciplinary Research on Hawaiia-n Well-Being,6, 237-266. Smith,W.J.(1955).Legends ofWailua.Uhu'e,HI:Garden Island Publishing. Tatar,E.(1993).Hula pahu,Hawaiian drum dances (Vol.2).HonoluJu,HI;Bishop Museum Press. Testa.F.J.(2005).Buke mele lahui [Hawaiian National Songbook].Honolulu,HI: Hawaiian Historical Sodety.(Original work published 1895} Tregear,E.(1891).Maori-Polynesian comparative dictionary.WeUington,N2:Lamb and Blair. Tuhiwai Smith,L.(1999).Decolonizing methodologies,research and indigenous peoples. Dunedtn,N2:University ofOtago Press. U.N.GeneraJ Assembly.(2007).Sixty-fu-st Session,Agenda Item 68,Report ofthe Human Rights Council,Dedaration ofthe Rights oflndigenous Peoples,A/61/L.67. Wairua.In Maori Dirtionary onJine.Retrieved from http://www.maoridictionary.co.nz Wichman,F.B.(1997).More Kaua'i taks.Honolulu,HI:Bamboo Ridge Press. 237 HULILI Vo;.8 (2012) Wichman,F.B.(1998).Kaua'i:Ancient place'na.mes and theirstories.Honolulu,HI: University ofHawai'i Press. Wilson Okamoto Corp.(2004,January).Final environmental assessment and findings ofno significant impact Uhu'e-Hanama'ulu (Pu'u 'A'ahoaka)Exploratory Well, W^ailua,Kaua'i,Hawai'i.State ofHawai'i Departmet ofLand and Natural Resources Engineeruig Division. Yardley,M.,&Rogers,M.(1985).Queen Kapi'olani.Honolulu,HI:TopgaBant Publishing Co. ABOUTTHE AUTHOR ku'ualoha ho'omanawanui is an assistant professor of Hawaiian literature in the EngUsh Department at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa,spedalizing in Hawaiian foUdore,mythology,Oceanic literature,and indigenous perspectives on literacy.She holds a BA in Hawaiian Studies,an MA in Hawaiian Religion,a PhD in English and has taiight a variety of courses in the fields of Hawaiian Studies, Education,and English.She is also a two-time Ford Foundation fetlow,a 2009-2010 Mellon-Hawai'i postdoctoral fellow,and a founding and chief editor of 'Olwi:A Native Hawalian Joumal. NOTES 1 "Ke Kii Pohaku ma Kauai,"Ka Hoku o Hawai'i,October 15,1908,p.1. 2 Unless otherwise noted,aU translations of Hawaiian text are my own.A longer, more detailed quotation from Kanepu'u's artide is included in my artide on 'Ike 'Aina (ho'omanawanui,2008). 3 A number of scholars have written about this in recent years;of interest is Monica A.Ka'imipono Kaiwi and Walter Kahumoku III's "Makawalu:Standards, Curriculum,and Assessment for Literature Through an Indigenous Perspective" (2006)and Monica Ka'unipono Kaiwi,"Grounding Hawaiian Leamers—and Teachers—inTheir Indigenous Identity"(2006). 238 HO'OMANAWANUI |HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO 4 Kapa'a Middle and High School still serve this area.King Kaumuali'i Elementary School in Hanama'ulu,which was established in 1990,now serves as the primary school for part ofthe Wailua Homesteads region.The rest ofthe sfrudeiit popula- tion in Wailua stUl attends Kapa'a Elementary School (http://arch.kl2.hi.us/PDFs/ ssir/2008/Kauai/SSIR4S7-7.pdf). 5 The 2003-2004 report states that 30.9%of students were identified as part- Hawaiian,14.4%as Hawaiian,for a combined total of just over 45%;the next highest percentage ethnic group represented at the school is Filipino students, with less than 20%.This atigns with OHA's Native Hawaiian Doto Book,which identifies the Kapa'a-Anahola area as having one of the highest Hawaiian popu- lations on the island,even outside DHHL homestead lands (Office ofHawaiian AfFairs,2006,p.21). 6 In this artide,I use the term pana no'eau to describe the storied poedc epithets and sayings connected to 'aina. 7 A number of the 46 ardcles in the Declaration address cultural,educational, and land issues.U.N.General Assembly,Sixty-first Session,Agenda Item 68, Report ofthe Human Rights Council,Dedaration ofthe-Rights oflndigenous Peoples, A/61/L67 (2007). 8 Vairua (Tahitian),vaerua (Mangaia,Paumotu);in Maori mythology,Wairua is "the ninth heaven or division ofRangi"(Lani,or Wakea,eqiiivalent to the Hawaiian Sky Father),while in Mangaian mythology Vaerua is the "spirit who stands at the bottom ofthe Universe"and carries Avaiki (Hawaiki,Hawai'i)from the underword to the terrestrial world (Tregear,1891,p.592). 9 This church is the predecessor of Kapa'a First Hawaiian Church,currently located in Kapa'a.The church was started by Queen Kapiile in Wailua and later moved to its current location. 10 Joseph Moku'ohai Poepoe's (1908-1911)version includes an altemate spelling, acknowledged in the text,of Wailuanuiahoana,which could also be a typograph- ical error (p.1),as does a 1909 verions ofKawelo,where it is spelled "Wailuahoano" (Ho'oulumahiehie,January 1,1909,p.1).In their own scholarship on Hawaiian nio'olelo,Noenoe Silva,Laiana Wong,Puakea Nogekneier,and John Charlot discuss the connection between Poepoe and Ho'oulumahiehie as possibly being the same person. 239 HULILI Vol.S (2012) 11 Ho'oulumahiehie's version was reprinted in Hawaiian and translated into English by Awaiaulu Press in 2006. 12 Under missionary pressure,homesteading progranis began during the kingdom era.However,the Land Act of 1895,as enacted by RepubUc of Hawai'i President Sanford B.Dole,authorized the sale of former Crown Lands.When Hawai'i was annexed to the United States in 1898,these lands were ceded to the U.S.govemment.The original Homesteads of Wailua contained 31 lots that totaled 1,082.50 acres of former Crown Lands (Report of the Govemor of Hawai'i to the Secretary ofthe Interior,1914;they were auctioned offvia public lottery on December 23,1919,"The Wailua Homesteaders,"The Garden Island, December 16,1919). 13 Holi resided in Wailua and was a correspondent for the paper;the articles refer- enced include "Na Mea Hou ma Wailua,"Ka Hae Hawaii,November 26,1856:"Ka nani o Puna i Kauai!!"Ka Hae Hawaii,Buke 3,Helu 31,Novemaba 3,1858,p.123; and "Make aloha ia,"Ka Hae Hawaii,Buke 4,Helu 6,Mei 11,1859,p.22. 14 There are at least five pubUshed in the Hawaiian language newspapers,and seventeen unpublished variants in different coUections at the Bishop Museurn Archives.In the seventeen versions listed m the Bishop Museum Archive Mele Index,there are only two major variations in the first two lines.The version listed in HEN v.3 states,"Kunihi ka mauna i Kahiki e."Another version in Helen Robert's coUection (MS SC Roberts 2.6)states in the second Une,"ka luna [o]Waialeale e ala."This version was coUected from Julie Naukana,a hula performer bom in 1842 (BPBM Index).Two ofthe Bishop Museum manuscripts list the chant as an oli, three as a pule (prayer),one as a mele olioli (style ofchant),one as a hula Pele (one as a kau no Hi'iaka,chant speafic to Hi'iaka),and three as a mele kahea (calling chant).Other confa-adictions include one version listing it as a pule no Kapo (prayer for the goddess Kapo,a sister of Pele in some mo'olelo,and a goddess ofhula and 'ana'ana or "sorcery"),while another Usts it as a pule no Laka (prayer for the hula goddess Laka).Some versions make no specifications as to the genre ofthe chant. At least eight informants are credited with the diant:Jule Naukana (b.1842),Rose Ka'imi La'anui (n.d.),Sam Ka'aiaU'i (b.1872),Kaoulionalani (b.1869),Kuapahi (n.d.),Peter Pakele Sr.(1869-1952),Aiamanu Pauole (1865-1945),and the renowned chanter James Kapihenui Palea Kuluwaimaka (1845-1937).About half of the Bishop Museum chants are listed as from or related to the mo'olelo no Pele (Pele stories),while the other halfeither aren't specific,or relate it to hula.A version of the mele is also found in Ho'oulumahiehie's "Kawelo"mo'olelo {Kuokoa Home Rula,March 5,1909;see Ho'oulumahiehie,2009,p.111). 240 HO-OMANAWANUI j HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO 15 All lines ofthe translation except this one are from the text.The original transla- tion reads,"Hidden is Kaipuha'a on the plain ofKapa'a"(Bacon &Napoka,1995, p.65).But the translation does not take into account the word mauka,"upland." Therefore,Kaipuha'a is not on the plain ofKapa'a,it is ka laula mauka o Kapa'a, "the broad plain above Kapa'a." 16 Some examples include:H.K.Kahopukahi,"He mau kumu i emi ai ka lahui," Ka Lahui Hawaii,April 29,1875,p.4;S.T.Piihonua,"Hoohalahala,"Ka Lahui Hawaii,July 27,1876,p.2;Mose K.K.H.,"He ipo aloha ka awa na kekahi hapa o Nawaieha nei,"Ka Lahui Hawaii,Aiigust 23,1877,p.3. 17 Hawaiian text adapted from Roberts;b-anslation by Kelsey.Another version was recorded by Helen Roberts in Ancient Hawaiian Muslc (1926/1967),which she identified as a hula 'iill'uli (dance accompanied with feathered rattle insb-ziment). Tatar (1993)notes,however,that "[Tom]Hiona's rendition...is accompanied by two...ka'eke(eke"(p.289).Roberts cites Kalala as the composer and WahineLkeaoiili Pa of Ha'ena Wet Caves,Kaua'i,as the chanter.She categorizes this as a hula 'uil'uit (Roberts,1926/1977,p.250).Tatar (1993)notes that "Pa told Roberts she had leamed the hula about thirty years previously at Kalalau"(p.289). 18 Tatar (1993)also references notes by Mary Kawena Pukui in regards to this chant (p.289). 19 The title is interesting to note,as "Makalapua"was a weU-known mele composed by Kapi'olani's sister-in-Iaw,Lili'uokalani.This "Makalapua"was composed by "E.C."and is a completely different one. 20The Ko'olau is a wind "between Kaua'i and Ni'ihau"(Fomander v,5,1913- 1915/1999,p.95).It is also a more generic name for the eastem or "windward"side ofan island.which is where Wailua is located. 21 Note in text explains that "'Ikuwa was the month ofstorms.The chiefs were recognized by the gods at birth,by the raging ofthe elements." 22 Nogelmeier provides an altemative translation for the Ho'oulumahiehie (2006) text (p.18). 23 "E noho iki a'e ho'i maua e 'au'au wai o Wailua nei a ma'ema'e i polapola iki a'e ho'i na wahi maka..." 241 HULILI Vol.S (2012) 24 Limupahapaha is a type oflimu famous in chants for Polihale. 25 Lyrics for Waiau's composition are found at http://www.huapala.org/Kai/ Kaililauokekoa.html 26 A "w"indicates "wahine" (female)and "k"indicates "kane"(male). 27 Wilson notes that several similar stories were utilized in the composition ofthe end ofthis Kalapana mo'olelo:"Kaao no ke Keiki Hoopapa"(Story ofthe Riddling Child)was pubUshed by S.M.Kaui in Ke Au Okoa (November 12-December 18, 1865);"Ke Kaao no Kaipalaoa,ke keiki hoopapa"{A story of Kaipalaoa,a riddling child),Bishop Museum Memoirs,vol.IV (pp.575-595)and "Na Inoa o na Makani o Hilo"fThe names ofthe winds of Hilo),Ke Au Okoa,July 10,1865. 28This mo'olelo is entided "He Mo'olelo no Pele a me Kona Kaikaina Hiiakaikapoliopele"("A Story of Pele and her Younger Sister Hi'iaka-in-the- bosom-of-Pele").It appeared in the Hawaiian language newspaper Ka Hoku o Hawaii ("The Star of Hawai'i")from May 21-September 10,1908.WhUe Rice published a fragment of this story in English in his coUection Hawaiian Legends (Bishop Museum Press,1923)under the title "The Goddess Pele,"it is a very smaU and skeletal sketch of the longer,richer,and more detaUed Hawaiian language version,whidi has never been entirely translated and published in English.This section ofthe mo'olelo therefore only appears in Rice's published Hawaiian language newspaper serial,and not in his published collection of mo'olelo in English. 29 Kamakau uses the word muliwai.river,river mouth,pool near the mouth of a stream,as behind a sand bar;estuary (PED).Beckwith says Waimahanalua is in Kapa'a (1970,p.327). 30 "Kaha akula 'o Hi'iaka ma hele no Puna,a ia laua i hoea aku ai i Makaiwa,ua 'ike akula laua nei i ka ulumahiehie o ua kanaka i kahakai,e he'enalu ana." 31 Mahalo to Kaua'i surfers Kala Alexander,Tai Kaneakua,and Gelston Dwlght for their insight on the contemporary surfsite names. 32 Hikinaakala "is also called Hauola,"but whether they are one and the same is not clear (Pukui,EIbert,&Mo'okini 1986,p.45). 33 Wichman defines Maka'ukiu as "source ofthe 'Ukiu wind...a chiUy northern wind not as strong as the trade winds (Wichman,1998,p.68). 242 HO'OMANAWANUI I HANOHANO WAILUANUIAHO'ANO 34 Holoholoku is the name ofthe region,as well as the heiau where the pohaku ho'ohanau ali'i was located.Holoholoku.is situated within the boundaries of Wailuanuiho'ano.on the northeast side ofthe Wailua River,near the river mouth. 35 This chant is attributed to the Kuali'i text,but I have been unable to locate it there.The Hawaiian text is from Pukui (1986).The English translation from Dickey,provided here,difFers slighriy from Pukui's.Dickey's translation is also listed in Wichman (1998,p.66). 36 For multiple sources ofthis mo'olelo,see Tatar (1993,pp.13-18). 37 Kaua'i Historical Society records (1934)describe Holoholoku as containing a sacrificial stone,Ku images carved from 'ohi'a lehua,and a lananu'umamao (oracle tower)consta'ucted of 'ohi'a lehua wood,similar to the one in Waimea that was described by Captain James Cook (p.3).A large flat stone was described by Dickey as "set over the remains of a sacrificed dog,and was very kapu—bodies were placed here after being sacrificed 3t Holoholoku"(p.15).Joesting (1984) argues that there is only one other similar site located at Wahiawa,O'ahu (p.9). 38 The others are:O'ahu—Ho'olonopahu(Kukaniloko,Wahiawa),'AtaIa (Kailua), Niuloa'a (Kualoa),Paka'alana (Paka'alana),Kamaka'ula (Punalu'u),Kakioe (Lualualei);Hawai'i Island—Paka'alana(Waipi'o),Waha'ula (Piina),Ahuena (Kailua,Kona),and Pu'ukohola (Kawaihae). 243 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Ruta Jordans <zwknow@gmail.com> Tuesday,September?,2021 6:27 PM Planning Department Coco Palms Hotel property future CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha Kauai Planning Department! I am writing against a hotel and in support ofthe former Coco Palms Hotel property being transitioned so that it honors this sacred place and provides education and cultural enrichment. In addition,1 think it would be wonderful to have a Hawaiian public charter school and an assisted living facility among the cultural places to bring life to the area but keep traffic to a minlmum. Ruta Jordans 6345A Kipapa Road Kapaa 96746 54 A.1.0.1. SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Cere Buntin <cerebuntin@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:37 PM Planning Department Opposition to coco palms hotel CAUTION:Thisemail originated from outside the CountyofKauai.Do notclick links oropen attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. As a long time resident of Kauai,1 oppose any plans for a hotel development on the Coco Palms site. This area should turned over to Wailuanuiao'ano for use as a sacred and auspicious use for the Hawaiian community and residentsofKauai. Thankyou, Cere Bu tin 53 ^A.O^ SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: WAYNE WILLIAMS <wwclick@mac.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:39 PM Planning Department Oppose Hotel on Coco Palms property CALJTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless It is something you were expecting. Hello Planning Department, I've been coming to Kaua'i for over 50 years and would oppose another 'resort'or hotel property on the former Coco Palms property. Please seriously consider making this property an educational facility for the public to learn about and respect the heritage ofthe Kaua'ian people who considered this land sacred. Do consider turning this location into a wonderful park,cultural and educational center,yes,a place for 'aina based learning and experiences. Expand the heritage of the Kaua'ian people.This area should be developed into a thriving place for families to enjoy and learn about Hawaiian history,culture,land management and more! In these times of climate change,we can honor this place,honor the Kaua'ian culture and environment,and create a unique opportunity for enrichment in cultural and environmental education. Mahalo nui loa, Wayne Williams Wayne Williams Sherman Oaks,CA (818)905-8097 Email:wwclick@mac.com ^.(.A.^ SEP 2 8 2021, 52 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Respiratory&EnvironmentalDisabilitiesAssocHI <redahi@hawaii.rr.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:49 PM Planning Department No hotel at Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Respectfully:Please Restore Wailuanuiao'ano -No Hotel at "Coco Palms". Thank you for your consideration, B.A.McClintock,Respiratory and Environmental Disabilities Association of Hl-REDAHI -6.l.4.io SEP 2 8 2021, 51 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: JENNIFER STEVENS <jstevensmft@aol.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:50 PM Planning Department No hotel at Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. It is time to restore the this "Coco Palms"as a place of cultural and historic peace for the people of Kauai. This is a terrible place for a hotel/resort. The County of Kauai needs to work with the people of the island and respect the use of the land.For too long it has stood as a ruin and too many developers have promised what they cannot deliver.Just because they want to build a hotel/resort doesn't mean Kauai should approve such plans. No hotel at Coco Palms! Aloha Jennifer Stevens ResidentofWailua Homesteads Sent from my iPhone fi.i.Q K SEP 2 8 2021 50 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Rich Waxman <pnthwest@aol.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 6:55 PM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Hello We are residents of Kalaheo We are adamantly opposed to the development of a new hotel at that site.This is not in the best interests of the citizens of Kapaa,or those of the rest of us that transit that corridor and appreciate the natural beauty of the area.A development certainly does not satisfy the needs of the cultural needs that native Hawaiians so desperately need and want.The planning commission must be disbanded if they ignore the cultural significance of this property,as they have done so many times in the past Rich Waxman Cathy Moratto PO Box 1327 Kalaheo,1-11 96741 J&.(.^W-. SEP28 2021 49 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: malia locey <malialomi@yahoo.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 7:02 PM Planning Department No Hotel @ formerCoco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. To whom it may concearn: This is my written testimony against a hotel being built at the former Coco Palms Hotel. 1 am in favor of the scared property being restored and transitioned into a much needed cultural center. Mahalo, Malia Locey fi.t.ft. . SEP 2 8 2021' 48 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Rhaya <happiflying@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 7:39 PM Planning Department Restore Wailuanuiao'ano/no more hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. This is a testimony to Oppose a hotel at the former Cocopalms property. We no longer need any more hotels in Kapa'a,there are plenty of them already. Wailua Bay area is a very historic and sacred site forthe Hawaiian people.It should be made into a park and education centerofthe historyofKaua'i.Atthevery least,the skeleton ofthe buildingsshould betaken down and keptasan outdoor area for the community to use. With BestRegards<& Alisen Celestyne 5306 Kahala St,Kapa'a fel.l.<».l'b SEP 2 8 2021 47 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Alicia Morrier <alemorrier@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 7:40 PM Planning Department No hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, I've been a resident of Hawaii for 21 years and oppose the building ofthe hotel at coco palms. Mahalo, Alicia Morrier ^i.l.A.!^ SEP28 2021 46 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Tom Nooney <tomnooney@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 8:08 PM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Asa former longtime residentofthe Island ofKaua'i,1 have grownto have great respectand gratitudeforthe beauty& value of it's Sacred Sites. After Hurricane Iniki destroyed The Coco Palms Hotel 1 have hoped forthe return ofthis Sacred Site to it's former stature as palaceto be revered and cared forbythe Native Population &communityat large.1 moved backto Maui manyyears ago,But still hold the hope for a more caring,less developmental way to take care of this and many other areas where the seemingly ceaseless Bulldozing /Building up of Our Islands,All of them.it is very sad what is happening on Maui &1 pray Kaua'i doesn'tsufferthe same fate.Please won'tsomeone in GovernmentcareforourAina??? No to a Hotel at Wailuanuiaho'ano. Sincerely Thomas Nooney Paia,Hi. 6.».^1<». SEP 2 8 202T 45 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: A mber <kou_puuwai@hotmail.com> Tuesday,September?,2021 8:21 PM Planning Department What was Coco Palms CAUTION:This email origlnated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even Jfthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. To whom it may concern, 1 wish to express my strong opposition to a new hotel in the old coco palms location. 1 would like to share my vote in support ofthe collective community effort to restore this site to a place of culture,education and conservation. This site is not a suitable location for a hotel.It has been almost 29 years since the hotel was destroyed in hurricane 'lniki and we believe the site has proven to no longer be a viable location for a hotel,or further development of that nature. It is time for this special property to be revitalized and transitioned into the hands of our community. This property has the potential to provide a place of gathering,education,food production,cultural grounding and green space for our community. Make the statement "We support the traditional culture of Hawai'i"by creating a space with purpose. A consciously sustainable place in this location is really the only option.A space to revitalize the community,encourage cultural development and growth while supporting the inherited wisdom of caringforthis land isALWAYSthe bestchoice! Aloha,Amber 44 &i.a " SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Nicole Hyde <nqh777@yahoo.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 8:37 PM Planning Department Opposition to new hotel at Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Hello, 1 am emailing my formal opposition to a hotel being built at the former Coco Palms hotel.As a voting citizen of Hawai'i,1 believe that restoring the site to a park or a cultural site should be the only viable solution. By building another hotel it'll just create more infrastructure problems in the future.There will be more traffic in an already congested area.As the garden state,restoring the area to its natural state the message to our keikis.A message that Hawaiian cultural historic sites are important and worth saving. Please listen to your people's pleas and choose to not build.Choose to restore and reassure yourtax paying citizens that you can hearus. Also,approving of building a hotel that has "Hawaiian cultural aspects"isn't good enough. Thank you for your time. Staysafe andwell, Nicole Hyde Sent from my iPhone ^.«.«.»» SLP 2 8 2021: 43 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Dani <danilfrisco@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 8:39 PM Planning Department Save Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, This beautiful and special place should be preserved for everyone rather than enriching a select few.There is a reason this place has kept itself untouched since it was returned after Iniki.Please choose restoration ofthe land to its original beauty and importance so that EVERYONE can find joy there. Mahalo for your consideration. Danielle Guion 92-732 Aoloko Place Makakilo,Hawaii.96707-1122 Sent from my iPad 42 ^l.l.ft^ SEP 2 8 202T Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To; Subject: mira <mirasharan@pacific.net> Tuesday,September 7,2021 8:56 PM Planning Department Honor This sacred site CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Thank you for reading this statement. Honoring the site that is to be named Wailuanuiaho ano...raise your hands and hearts to say N0 to hotel development. The time is now to establish a cultural center on this island to preserve the Local Culture,history,Art and Story.Raise your Hand to say N0 to anything other then the truth that is realfor all Hawaiians at Heart. Mahalo Mira Walker ^l.lATO SEP 2 8 2021 41 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Holly Kuester <liquid_silver1988@hotmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 9:20 PM Planning Department Coco Palms Hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is somethlng you were expecting. Aloha, I am writing to express my opposition to turning the coco palms area of Wailua into a hotel again.Coco Palms should not be a hotel or resort or anything of that kind.Coco Palms should be a park or a cultural site for Hawaiians and for educational purposes.I really like the Kamokila Hawaiian Village further up the valley from Coco Palms.Coco Palms should be something like that.We need more of those types of properties. Please do not develop the Coco Palms property into a hotel.Please give it back to Hawaiians to steward and make it into a park,cultural heritage and educational site. Thankyou, Aloha, Holly Kuester ei.t.a.^' SEP 2 8 2021 40 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: Malina Keawe <danamalina@yahoo.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 9:23 PM Planning Department N0 HOTEL CAUTION:This email originated from outsidethe CountyofKauai.Do not click links oropen attachments even ifthesender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Planning department, 1 am in strong opposition to a hotel being build at Wailuanuiaho'ano! Wailuanuiaho'ano needs to be returned to the people in the form of a park,cultural and educational center and place for 'aina based learning and experiences.This area should be developed into a thriving place for families to enjoy and learn about Hawaiian history,culture,and land management. Not for tourism! Please DO NOT allow any hotels to be built at Wailuanuiaho'ano and return the land to the families and community in Wailuanuiaho'ano. Sincerely, Dana Keawe Resident of Hawai'i Gi.\.a.^ SEP28 202{ 39 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Toni Auld Yardley <hawaiinuiloa@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 7,2021 11:06 PM Planning Department COCO PALMS HOTEL CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. WENEEDACULTURALTHEATERTOLEARNABOUTTHEGREATWAILUA AND CHIEFS THROUGH MUSICAL PERFORMANCES FOR LOCAL AUDIENCES We don't know much,for instance,about Kawelo-mahamaha-ia,but Fornander writes that under his rule,"the country prospered,peace prevailed and population and wealth increased.Kawelo s wife was Kapohinaokalani.According to some sources,this king was born about 1630,a century-and-a-halfbefore Capt. Cook's visits.There are some suggestions he was a hard ruler,but a successful one. We know Kawelo-mahamaha-ia came from strong royal roots.His father Kamakapu and his grandfather Kahaku-makalina were kings before him.His great-great-grandfather Kahaku-makapaweo was a contemporary of the great kings of the archipelago,Pi'ilani of Maui,Kukaniloko of O'ahu and Liloa of Hawai'i Island. https://www.forkauaionline.com/the-ereat-chiefs-of-kauai/ Here is a model to follow from London,which has had sell-out performance for over a decade honoring a Dutch Hero who brought their Queen back home out of exile. https://www.voutube.com/watch?v=WD4HGzBYfaw&t=2s Toni Auld Yardley,Kahu KANAKAMAOLI REL1GIOUS INSTITUTE 2053 Kula St.HonoluIu,HI 96817 Phone:808-595-4819 -fi.I.^.-Z-S SEP28 2021 38 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Leslie Larsen <leslie.larsen@icloud.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 4:23 AM Planning Department future of Wailuanuiaho'ano the former 'Coco Palms Hotel'property CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Dear Kaua'i Planning Department, Imagine the traffic and sewage spilling forth from a hotel of any size at the Wailua Bridge. Or the sewage and traffic of an exclusive enclave with tourist only price tags. Compound that and imagine another Iniki slamming into the Wailua River mouth. Or the effects of rising water and extreme high tides now that climate change is upon us. Compare those images with a thriving cultural site that restores the land to its original state and offers activities and experiences that enrich locals and tourists and brings in responsible revenue to the county. That site is the crown jewel of the chain of sacred heiau along the river.Please help it return to it's cultural significance, do not authorize another Coco Palms.A new vision needs to be supported that include benefits for the community, Hawaiian history and responsible Eco tourism.One that brings meaningful jobs and futures rooted in cultural heritage and sustainable practices to local residents.A vision that shapes Hawaii's tourist industry to financially benefit the economy while also being culturally,environmentally and health conscious. You have a chance to really make a difference for the future of Kaua'i -please do not let the Coco Palms property become another tourist industry environmental disaster and disenfranchisement for the Hawaiian people. Coco Palms needs to be retired once and for all. Thankyou, Leslie Larsen (former resident of Anahola) 505/692-4688 PS:There are very successful models of other countries hirning tourisnn into a very supportive industry on all levels.Bhutan is my favorite.Here are google search examples of how they responsibly handle tourism: Policy of tourism in Bhutan The Royal Government of Bhutan adheres strongly to a policy of 'High Value,Low Volume' tourism which serves the purpose of creating an image of exclusivity and high-yield for Bhutan."To promote Bhutan as an exclusive travel destination based on Gross National Happiness (GNH) d.i.a.-^4 SEP28 2021 SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM IN BHUTAN by Tandi Dorji[: Bhutan's tourism industry began in 1974.It was introduced with the primary objective ofgenerating revenue,especially foreign exchange;publicizing the country s unique culture and traditions to the outside world,and to contribute to the country's socio-economic development.Since then the number of tourists visiting Bhutan has increased from just 287 in 1974 to over 2,850 in 1992 and over 7,000 in 1999. By the late 1980s tourism contributed over US$2 million in revenues to the royal govemment.In 1989,the royal govemment raised the tourist tariff.That year only 1,480 tourists visited Bhutan but the govemment still eamed US$1.95 million through tourism.By 1992 tourist revenues contributed as much as US$3.3 million and accounted for as much as 15-20%ofthe total ofBhutan's exported goods and services. The royal govemment has always been aware that an unrestricted flow of tourists can have negative impacts on Bhutan's pristine environment and its rich and unique culture.The govemment,therefore,adopted a policy of "high value-Iow volume"tourism,controlling the type and quantity of tourism right from the start.Until 1991 the Bhutan Tourism Corporation (BTC),a quasi-autonomous and self-financing body,implemented the govemment's tourism policy.All tourists,up to that time came as guests of BTC,which in tum operated the tour organisation,transport services and nearly all the hotels and accommodation facilities.The govemment privatised tourism in October 1991 to encourage increased private sector participation in the tourism sector.Today there are more than 75 licensed tour operators in the country. ^Communication officer,National Environment Commission,Thimphu 84 37 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: Joan Lander <namaka@interpac.net> Wednesday,September 8,2021 5:38 AM Planning Department No Hotel at "Coco Palms" CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha mai, 1 believe even Elvis Presley would be in agreement that the site of his former movie set (the "Coco Palms")should be returned to the people of Kaua'i to be used as a cultural park. Don't let us becomea "blue"Hawai'i,with local residents dejected and feelingdown.Notagood lookforvisitors! Mahalo for your consideration. ~Joan Lander Na'alehu,Hawai'i €i.i.<^.'^ SEP28 2021 34 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: David Jones <gregorio8640@yahoo.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 6:48 AM Planning Department *Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Dear Planning Commission Please revoke the permits and tear down Coco Palms! Sincerely, David Jones 5306kumoleSt. Kapaa,Hl.96756 808-855-8750 ^.l.Q.^fr SEP28 2021 33 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Barbara <barbarasdigs@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 7:06 AM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. As a long time Kauai resident (29 years)1 am asking for the planning department to finally put an end to the eyesore that is the Coco Palms. 1 understand that,again.the developer will be addressing this project.Please say N0.Demolishthe mess,and under no circumstances allow for the addition of any more traffic to this area. Sincerely, Barbara Guiliano £».(.d-2-7 SEP28 2021. 32 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: underwaterZweb <underwater2web@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 7:29 AM Planning Department Kauai Editor;Mayor;Felicia Cowden;Ruby Pap;keith_swindle@fws.gov,·Ylitalo-Ward, Heather A;kahele02@mail.house.gov Urgent:Coco Palms Endangered Species Act Violations Conceming County Permits CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Hello, 1 am a certified biologist and Endangered Species Management Expert living here in Kauai and 1 have extensively studied the presence of the Koloa Ducks and Moorhens that have taken over the Coco Palms property over the past 20 years.1 have video proof of where they live,nest and produce babies in the old Coco Palms Pond and wetland at the old hotel site. These birds are listed as Endangered under the US Endangered Species Act (ESA)and it would be a criminal class one felony to alter the behaviour of these birds in any way without first doing an extensive federal Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP)and getting an Incidental Take permit from the US Fish and wildlife Service.It is also a crime for a Planning Department to issue a permit to develop a property that has endangered species on it.That would be a violation of Section 9 of the ESA and 1 can supply high court cases supporting this law.The case history comes from the Hawaii Office OfThe US Attorney and The US Fish and Wildlife Service. If anyone gives a permit or attempts to rebuild the Coco Palms without the proper ESA permit then they will be sued under the ESA and criminal felony proceedings will be sought. Please feel free to read all about the ESA and how it pertains to endangered and threatened wildlife here in Hawaii at our new web page at www.turtleplea.ore/.1 have written and verbally recorded conversations from NOAA and the DLNR explaining the ESA 1 could also supply. The Coco Palms is also going to be underwater within the next decade due to rising sea levels and this information can be found by using the Sea Grant Sea Level Rise Viewer that the County of Kauai should have access to.The habitat for the endangered birds is increasing every year on the property due to groundwater intrusion from the rising sea levels and coastal erosion. 1 would be more than happy to meet with the County Attorney and the Planning Commission and show them the ESA laws and Supreme Court interpretations that would come into play ifthe Coco Palms is permitted to be rebuilt as 1 would more than likely be called as a professional witness in any federal action against the proposed project. It is time to give the Coco Palms property back to the native Hawaiian people and native Hawaiian birds and 1 believe that the US Endangered Species Act will support this action if taken to federal court. Aloha, Marine Biologist Terry Lilley HanaleiHI ^.{.^28. SEP28 202S, 29 Terry Lilley Marine Biologist Hanalei,Kauai http://underwater2web.com All Photographs ©2016Terry Lilly 30 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Kathy Ingols <ing4golf@yahoo.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 7:35 AM Planning Department No Hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. At Coco Palms.Restore into park and use for the people on the island of Kauai Kathy Ingols honeymooned at Coco Palms 41 years ago Sent from my iPhone ^j.a.^ SEP28 2021' 28 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: roger harris <rrh38114@yahoo.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 8:33 AM Planning Department Coco Palms restoration,or not... CAUTION;This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. •SSs^ ^ Aloha, As a 20-year resident of Kauai,and one old enough to remember Elvis'"wedding,"at Coco Palms I say enough development!Traffic in south Kapaa/Wailua is bad enough already even with Governor Ige's pleas,which seem to be largely ignored. The island,indeed the world,is acting as if COVID has been suppressed,although stats tell us otherwise.But that is but one issue why the present Coco Palms project should be eliminated Beyond COVID and its precautions,please stop any further the property's "development" by refusing any permit applications except those favoring demolition and removal of the existing structures (unsafe in every form,Ralph Nader might say)and give the land in perpetuity to native Hawaiian groups who have a publicly-healthy vision. Mahalo for hearing my two cents worth. Roger Harris Wailua ..<4'Yahoo ^Iuil Stutionery ^i.l.^ 27 SEP2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Valerie Weiss <valerieweiss31@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 9:06 AM Planning Department COCO PALMS Site CAUTION;This email originated from outside the CountyofKauai.Do not click links oropen attachments even ifthe sender is known to you untess it is something you were expecting. Aloha Planning Department. Please be aware that a hotel or resort replacing the ruins of the Coco Palms is not in the best interest of anyone living or visiting Kauai,and who may want to,or need to,travel this east side corridor.It's at a choke point on the island at our obsolete Wailua Bridge spans and the serious gridlock of Kapaa.Gridlock which is beyond what the added lane,being constructed,is capable of mitigating.There is also the issue ofthe ocean encroachment on the highway fronting the site.The highway will need to be relocated through or behind the Coco Palms and delaying that much longer isn't an option. Many of us do understand the issue is financial but we must do something other than develop the property in the similar tourism dominated way that has contributed to the decline of our cultural and natural assets and the well being of our residents. There are cultural and natural opportunities for this site that could benefit the wider community and my wish is that we can strive for the greater good with this historical Hawaiian location.We can do this.We must.Kauai should no longer be for sale to the highest bidder and that starts with better planning. A resort at this rich cultural site,which predates the original Coco Palms,is not in the best interest of the aina,or the community. Mahalo. Valerie Weiss Wailua Homesteads -Q.r.«.^ SEP28 202] 25 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Joan Levy <joan@joanlevy.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 9:17 AM Planning Department Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palnns CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. DearPlanningdept, 1 have been on Kauai since 5 months before Hurricane Iniki swept through our island.Living on the east side in various places till buying my home in the Wailua houselots in 2003,i have of course continually passed by this increasingly hideous eyesore. For some reason the various owner developers have been allowed to do nothing to develop this property or even do something to beautify its border with the highway.Two months ir so ago,the county allowed another buyer in.Finally the TT|£I O^a Qai^uavui coopKivy ypouTi riacr coopKsS ^ovy av5 r\ap6 TO TIPOTIOCTE av a^TepvanCTe TO peoTope Tr|io ipTiopTa VT r|ioTOpi^a^av8 ^u^Tupa^Hacoaiiav ^.o^aTiov TO a |^ope piYr|T())u^.av8 TIOVO UCTS.Qe 5o VOT vse5 avorr|Ep pecTopT iv Tr|ic?c?a^pe§CTTTOT. ICTVDT IT Tij^e TT|£TiKavvivy 8s7tapT]LisvT av8 xc)l-ll-ll(7alov CTi8e8 coiTr|Tr|8 TrsoTi^e,Tr] e ^u^Tups av8 TT|e aiva paTr)ep TT|av crope oea^Tr|v|/SeCTe^OTiep cor|o 8osCTVT yiTne a r|ooT (|)op TT|ICT KavS op na ^ieavivy TO Tr|s Hacoaiiav TTSOTI^E. Tou riame TT|S Tiocoep TO 80 Tr|e piyr|T Tr|ivy.n^eaCTe 80 IT voco, Mahalo! Joan Levy,wailua houselots Sent from Joan Levy's iPhone ^A^^i SEP28 202f 24 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Judith White <jcwhite54@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 9:28 AM Planning Department Former Coco Palms property CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, 1 am strongly in favor of returning the former Coco Palms property to its natural state,to be well managed and enjoyed by the people of Kauai.Please-no hotel or private for profit companies on this beautiful and historic site. Mahalo, JudithC.White Sent from my iPhone Q.\.a.V9 SEP28 202r 23 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: Ed Altman <ealtmankauai@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 10:19 AM Planning Department Coco Palms Hotel CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. My wife and 1 came here to Kauai for our honeymoon in 1988 and were very saddened when we saw the Coco Palms site again in 2002 when we moved to Kauai.We live just up the road and pass that site frequently. We both are Commercial Insurance agents,and understand the nature ofthe insurance claim and the challenges to rebuild the site.We've watched for years as group after group has failed to implement their vision for a revitalized Coco Palms Hotel. I've felt all along that the property could be better used to become a cultural center.It is highly visible and can be put to good use serving the community who live here,and 1 want to formally express my support for this idea. 1 know the site has tremendous potential for the right developer,but the financials just haven't made it possible for any grouptostep in and makethis happen.Inthe meantime,it is an eyesore anda reminderofthe lostopportunityofthis cultural spot. Please turn the property over to the people of Kauai,rather than to another developer who will bring jobs,but also trafficand additional distractions that take usfartherfromthe most noble useofthe property. Mahalo, EdAltman Wailua Houselots ^.l.^.-w. SEP 2 8 2021 22 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Kit Furderer <kinebydesign@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 10:26 AM Planning Department Testimony CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. To whom it may concern, 1 own a home and have a family in Wailua Houselots.We ride bikes and use the areas around Wailua daily to be healthy.We strongly oppose a hotel being built over a culturally significant location that was stolen from the Quen.1 have also seen rare Koloa Duck living here which is an endangered species.No environmental assessment has been done and it is illegal to build a hotel over endangered species habitats.1 have seen this property flood and decay over the years and it is no spot for a hotel with more traffic and people that the local community ofWailua can not support.I,Kit Furderer,strongly oppose a hotel in Wailua by Coco Palms and I strongly support the property being used for the people ofKauai. KIT FURDERER Kauai Photographer Photography /Design /Art •..808.652.4618 ••:kauai-wedding-photographer.com •Kapaa,Hi 96705 21 ^.1.<X.^9. SEP28 2021 B x x Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Marisa Plemer <marisaplemer@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 10:38 AM Planning Department Former Coco Palms Hotel site in Kauai CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. To whom it may concern: This landarea has a long documented historyas beingsacred and it is importanttotheeffortsofsustainabilityofthe native Hawaiian people in Kauai.It must be returned as soon as possible to them and never again be threatened with undesirable and unnecessary development. Please be pono and return Wailuanuiaho'ano to benefit the native Hawaiians who reside not only in Kauai but also in the entire State. Sincerely,Marisa M.Plemer 59-008 Huelo St.Haleiwa,Hl 96712 Sent from my iPhone Q.lA^ SEP 2 8 2021 20 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: John Ferry <jcf@balihai.com> Wednesday,SeptemberS,2021 11:31 AM Planning Department No Hotel at "Coco Palms" CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, Let's keep our sacred island sacred.Please do not allow hotel development on this sacred land.We need to get back to our roots.Please no development on the former Coco Palms site.Please restore Wailuanuiaho'ano. Mahalo nui loa, John John C.Ferry R(B) Bali Hai Realty,Inc. P.0.Box 930 Hanalei,Hawaii 96714-0930 Office:808-826-7244 Mobile:808-652-8900 Email:mailto:JCF@ balihai.com www.BaliHai.com Celebrating 42 Years of Business on Beautiful Kauail 17 ^i.a.^T. SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Glenn Choy <choyhawaii@gmail.com> Wednesday,SeptemberS,2021 11:53 AM Planning Department no hotel at coco palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. No hotel return the land to the community ^.(.<*%?. SEP28 2021 16 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Evelyn De Buhr <evelyndebuhr@yahoo.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 1 1:58 AM Planning Department No Hotel at Coco palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not dick links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. If witnessing the deterioration and incremental delapidation of Coco Plams over the last thirty years is not convincing enough that it is in the wrong hands,then what could be?A Hawaiian Cultural Center is the ONLY reasonable,vibrant solution to reviving this decayed landmark.A hotel there makes no sense.All commercial development efforts there have failed spectacularly.It's time for Kaua'i to have a Cultural Center NOW,and Coco Palms is the ideal place-centrally located,historically significant and full of beautiful potential. Sincerely,Evelyn de Buhr -6.1.^-^ SEP28 2021, 15 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: rpearll <rpearl1@hawaii.rr.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 12:57 PM Planning Department coco palms property CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. it is time to revoke the out of date building permits and make this land all that it could be.we must show respect for the history here and the ancestors. thankyou robin pearl selfe kalaheo j6.(.^.4fe SEP28 2021 11 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Patricia Fallbeck <patriciafallbeck@me.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 1:45 PM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. 1 would hope that the Planning Department would be SUPPORTING the residents of the State instead of outside developers.Another hotel does not control tourism,which is destroying the environment,the infrastructure,and the indigenous culture ofthe Island .It does not provide high payingjobs for residents.It creates a mega addition to the already horrendous traffic problems. 1had hopes that the Planning Department would be figuring how many residents can be supported on an island this size. 1 would hope that we would be focusing on improving the infrastructures to accommodate the existing population in an environmentallysustainable manner.Andfiguringa system toCONTROLthe numberoftourists. There are many wealthy residents on this island who could pay increased taxes to fund a plan that was genuinely designed to benefit the residents.Make a comprehensive plan,figure the cost,and divide it by the number of residents. How much money could we raise with a 2%or 1%hike on the income tax ? You havethe planningskills;please usethemto benefitALLyourfamilyandfriends! Patrica Fallbeck 3448 Lawailoa Lane Koloa,Hl,96756 Sent from my iPhone €l.(.<a.4i SEP 2 8 2021 10 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: mkelley323@gmail.com Wednesday,September 8,2021 1:59 PM Planning Department No hotel at Coco Palms.Wailuanuiaho'ano needs to be revitalized and transitioned into the hands of our community. CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha Kauai Planning Dept. Wailuanuiaho'ano is one ofthe most significant places on Kaua'i for Hawaiian history,legend,culture and for the future of our sustainability.Many important mo'olelo and oli have Wailua origins,with other legends and chants also referencingthis sacred site.With its major spiritual and religious significance in old Hawai'i it is arguablyone ofthe mostsacred areas inthearchipelagoto hlawaiians.Still todayWailua remainsan extremely sacred site to Hawaiian cultural practitioners and Kanaka Maoli everywhere. The time has passed for a hotel to be redeveloped on the former 'Coco Palms Hotel'site.This site is not a suitable location for a hotel.It has been almost exactly 29 years since the hotel was destroyed in hurricane 'lniki and we believe the site has proven to no longer be a viable location for a hotel,or further development of that nature.Climate change and sea level rise have already struck and damaged this area recently and will do so over the next decades. It is time for this special property to be revitalized and transitioned into the hands of our community.This property has the potential to provide a place ofgathering,education,food production,cultural grounding and green space for our community. Do the right thing,please and ee that Wailuanuiaho'ano is revitalized and transitioned into the hands of our communlty. Thankyou, Mary Lu Kelley PO Box 289 Lawai,Hl 96765 808-639-6978 ^i.l.a.^ SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject; Pua <pualani246@gmail.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 3:20 PM Planning Department Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not cllck links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha,My Name is Edward Everett Pualani Kaleiohi Goias,and I Emailing to Let You Guys Know That 1 Am AGAINST ANY KIND OF HOTEL OR RESORT GOING UP ON THE AINA WHERE COCO PALMS ONCE STOOD.IT WAS BAD ENOUGH THAT SO MANY IWI KUPUNA WERE DISTURBED,DUG UP,OR JUST BUILT UPON FOR THAT HOTEL TO GO UP.1 MAY HAVE ANCESTORS WHO ARE BURIED THERE,(I'M NOT SURE),AND MANY OTHER KANAKA LIKE MYSELF HAVE ANCESTRAL AND LINEAL TIES TO THAT AINA.TODAY,WE DO NOT NEED MORE HOTELS TO WORSEN THE TRFFIC IN THATAREA.THE FILIPINO COMMUNITY WAS GIVEN A CULTURAL CENTER,YET,WE,THE HAWAIIANS,THE "HOST"CULTURE DON'T HAVE ACULTURALCENTER.EVERYTHING IS DONE FORTHE FILIPINO,CAUCASIAN,AND FOR EVERYONE ELSE EXCEPTTHE HAWAIIANS,AND YET THIS IS OUR HOMELAND.1 SAY N0 HOTEL OR RESORT.1 WOULD LIKE TO SEE A HAWAIIAN CULTURAL CENTER,WHERE WE CAN SHARE THE STORIES AND IMPORTANCE OF THE MOST SACRED PLACE IN ALL OF HAWAI'I.PLEASE LISTEN TO THE PEOPLE OF KAUA'I WHO HAVE COME TOGETHER AND OVERWHEMINGLY SAID NO!N0 HOTEL.N0 RESORT.AND YES TO A CULTURAL CENTER!MAHALO NUI FOR YOUR TIME. ALOHA, Edward Everett Pualani Kaleiohi Goias. ^i.i.a.w. SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Rachel Nelson <ranelson55@me.com> Wednesday,September 8,2021 7:26 PM Planning Department Oppose a new hotel at Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, Our community is in need of culturally significant places that reconnect us—toeach other,the 'aina,our ancestry,for healing,etc...you already know all the reasons why another hotel is not sustainable,and ifyou would like a refresher,1 encourage you to watch the replay ofthe Zero Waste Kauai forum on sustainable tourism. Please don't be swayed by lobbyists. Thank you, Aloha no, Rachel Nelson ^.\.«.w- SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Terri <kauaimoonbow2@aol.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 5:21 AM Planning Department The Coco Palms ruins. CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha,my name is Terri Tada,and I'm writing to protest any rebuild of a hotel at the Coco Palms property.This property should be taken over by the state and county in adverse possession.30 years of failures,tells us this hotel is gone for good. This property should be a park,with a meeting house for events and the wedding chapel,a modern history museum, and ancient history museum.Charge for the blue Hawaii weddings etc,make it self sustaining. Also the traffic in Wailua is horrible and a hotel there will exacerbate an already bad situation.Stop playing with these people,and order them to tear that eyesore down.It's an embarrassment to our county ,our state,and the Aina.Take the Coco Palms away from these people Mahalo Sent from the all new AOL_app forAndroid ^.I.O'HS SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: keoki raymond <keoki.maui@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 9:38 AM Planning Department coco palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Stop catering to phantom developers and restore the wailua estuary to the people of Kauai G.[.a.ve SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Bob Lehardy <bob.lehardy@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 9:51 AM Planning Department Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palms. CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, My wife and I are residents,living in the Wailua Homesteads area.AAy wife was born and raised in Anahola,and I am blessed to have met her,marry,and to now call Kauai my home. My wife has fond memories of Coco Palms from her childhood during the 1960s and 70s.From the things she has told me,and the photos I have seen,it must have been an amazingly beautiful place at one time. Sadly,since Hurricane Iniki,29 years ago,that beautiful spot has become an eyesore for our island. Things change,life goes on.Robert E.Lee s statue was just removed in Virginia,his home.Here on Kauai,we are in the process of widening the highway that directly fronts Coco Palms.On the makai side of that highway,the ocean seems determined to reclaim the beach path and possibly part of the highway.Also here,we have finally started to rethink the impact of tourism on our island.One constant in life is change. Mainland investors have taken a risk and put money into buying this property.I m not familiar with the complexities of zoning,planning and permitting,but I urge this Commission to do what is legally within your power to ensure that this property is not developed as another hotel. Mahalo for your hard work and consideration. Bob and Rosemary Lehardy ^.Ld.Ll-1 SEP28 2021, Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Dorothy Bekeart <dottiebekeart@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 11 :04 AM Planning Department Former Coco Palms Hotel site CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. I would like to add my voice to those on record stating the former Coco Palms Hotel site at Wailua is no longer feasible or appropriate for use as a hotel site due to the widening of Kuhio Highway and the loss of much of Wailua Beach.The market has confirmed this fact with the recent foreclosure and lack of interested developers. This fact will make possible the conversion of the area into a cultural park.The many and important archeological sites located at the mouth of the Wailua River are a treasure of great significance and worthy of the devotion of public and private funds to create a center for the practice and education of Hawaiian culture and its history. Please do not take any actions that would prolong hotel use on this site and prevent the conversion to a cultural park. Dorothy Bekeart 4636 Iwaena Loop Kapaa,HI 96746 808-635-6475 fi.L^.uy SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: Dana Bekeart <danab4636@gmail.com> Thursday,September9,2021 11:13 AM Planning Department letters@thegardenisland.com Coco Palms Relic CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. My vent (from GaryHooser opinion)regarding the Coco Palms relic. What is the ugliest structure on Kaua'i? What has been Kaua'i's ugliest structure for the past 20 years? What is the ugliest structure that locals and visitors pass by daily and look at with shame? What ugliest structure disfigures the formerly beautiful Wailua River setting? What ugliest structure disses ancient Hawaiian culture? The Coco Palms relic. It's way past time to get it demolished,asap. Thanks for looking at this negative opinion.Yuck! Dana Bekeart,Kapaa Q\.a.w. SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Peggy Kemp <pegnard@hawaiiantel.net> Thursday,September9,2021 11:26 AM Planning Department Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Planning Commission Coco Palms Aloha, 1 am writing to express my opinion of what should be done with the Coco Palms site and buildings.This old dinosaur has been an eyesore since 1992.The remaining structures are riddled with rust and decay and can not be rehabilitated.It's not a good place for a resort -no pedestrian overpass over the highway to an almost non-existent beach with no lifeguard oversight,nexttoan eroding bridge.Partsofthe propertyare belowsea level.It is inthetsunamizone. The whole resort idea is predicated on permissions that are old and out-dated.At the minimum,the new owners should be forced to demolish the existing structures first,before even asking for new permits based on today's planning and buildingstandards. 1 would like to see the property and adjacent state lands used for a Hawaiian cultural center that honors the historic nature ofthese lands,and restores the wetland habitat. Sincerely, Peggy Kemp ******* Blessings from sweet Kauai, PeggyKemp P.0.Box 987 Kapaa Hl 96746 pegnard@hawaiiantel.net <mailto:pegnard@hawaiiantel.net>http://peggyinparadise.blogspot.com -&.l.^SjO SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Fairclough,Diane <DIANE.FAIRCLOUGH@CUANSCHUTZ.EDU> Thursday,September 9,2021 1:15 PM Planning Department COCo Palms Hotel site CAUTION:Thls email originated from outsidethe CountyofKauai.Do notclick links oropen attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Please deny the request to build a hotel at the old Coco Palms site.There are several reasons: 1)It is a scared site and it would be more aproprate to replace with a park for to honor and educate. 2)You just don't ned the difficulty and challenges of more traffic and parking problem.s Djane Fairclough,DrPH ^i.La.^i. SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cherie Kinchloe <cheriepaddle@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 1:44 PM Planning Department CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Please stop giving another developer more time to leave this mess that should have been stopped two owners ago.The island can't handle anymore traffic in this area,we are already over developed as it is.Shame on the Smillion buy out on the south shore. ^.«.<».e» SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Christyn Alcones <christyn.healthy@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 1:54 PM Planning Department No hotel at "Coco Palms" CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. 1 am testifying against building a hotel at the old coco palms &am voting for restoring Wailuanuo Aho'ano. Ingood health, Mahaloforyourtime, Christyn Alcones Kauai Resident ^.(^.^^. SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Malia Everette <malia@altruvistas.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 3:12 PM Planning Department Taking a few minutes to chime in on the proposal for the 'Coco Palms Hotel' CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha friends at the Kauai Planning Dept, 1 wanted to take a moment to express my concern about the proposal and encourage long term thinking around development,from a generational and sustainable lens. Wailu is very special.1 work in regenerative tourism and believe it can be done right.This is an opportunity for Kaua'i to steward Hawaiian history,legend,culture and for the future.This is a sacred site to Hawaiian cultural practitioners and Kanaka,and should be set aside for the community as a land trust,or cultural heritage site. Additionally from a resiliency planning perspective,the hotel is not the most logical given climate change,sea leavel rise and future hurricanes. Thank you for your service. Service, Malia Everette Founder and CEO AltruVistas p:415.735.5407 m:510.290.0573 a:16-566 Keaau Pahoa Rd,#188-642 Keaau,HI 96749 Transformative Travelfor a Better World 1199 Court Lane ConcordCA94518 je^.ift^ SEP28 Award winner of the Future of Travel Awards 2021 https^/www.newsweek.com/future-travel-awards-2021/triDS-tour-QDerators "Ahuwale ka Po okela l kau hana ia ha 'i." fflt is through the way you serve others that your greatness will befelt." -Hawaiian Proverb AltruVistas inspires you to engage your passion,explore the issues you care about,share with communities around the worid,and build dynamic philanthropic relationships.Altruvistas promotes transformational philanthropy in the travel industry through three program areas: 1.AltruVIsta Funds-Our Meso-financing program's mission is to provide communities the financial tools they need to improve their lives and benefit from the tourism sector. 2.AltruVista Fellows-Our professional fellowship program matches community grantees with emerging or service- seeking tourism professionals to implement community development programs,support the capacity building of the community and bridge cultural norms. 3.AltruvVista Journeys creates privately branded trips for others using the pillars of experiential education,philanthropy and social responsibility. 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Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: bill parker <parkerboy9066@gmail.com> Thursday,September 9,2021 3:14 PM Planning Department *Attention Planning Commission,Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Please do the right thing in allowing further "development"of the Coco Palms property.The right thing is to not allow any outside entities to touch the property,and to allow the Hawaiian/Kauaiian people to have the discretion as to the futureofthe property.Realityis upon us,dothe rightthingthistime! ThankYou Bill Parker Wailua ^i.i.a.w. SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: BarrySnyder <barrymartin@cot.net> Friday,September 10,2021 9:33 AM Planning Department Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Please no development of Coco Palms.Restore it to it's naturalstate. Kauai has enough commercial development as it is.To think of placing more at the mouth of the Wailua River,one of the most sacred places on the island would be a huge mistake,taking this paradise further down the road to ruin instead of restoration.What do we want this island to be in the future.Do we want it to look like Southern California.Can't we see that the true abundance is in the natural beauty which is really what feeds our body,mind and most importantly souls.Time to head in another direction.Back to a life the more wise ancient Hawaiians knew was truly pono... ^,.»A^'. S£P 2 8 202^ 212 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Karen Anderson <soulspace@cot.net> Friday,September 10,2021 11:50 AM Planning Department Please no new hotel! CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even \f the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Hello kind people, The location of the former Coco Palms is such a sacred one,please do not allow the building of anything commercial on that site.The mana of Old Hawaii is rapidly fading on beautiful Kauai,and it is so important to protect what is left.We do this not only for ourselves and our generation,but for future ones and the Aina herself. Ifwe don't,whowill? Please listen to your heart and do the right thing —for All. Mahaloand aloha, Karen Anderson 6.t.fi-'917 S^2 8 ^ 207 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subj'ect: Fred Dente <koikoi1@hawaii.rr.com> Friday,September 10,2021 1:23 PM Planning Department Wailuanuiaho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Planning Department Folks, 1 am for a native Hawaiian cultural center on the grounds of and around the former Coco Palms Hotel.No more shenanigans from developers and speculators and the money changers,who have paraded their schemes in front of you for all these years since Iniki,all of whom have failed miserably in their get rich plans.I strongly and respectfully request thatyou do all you can dotoencourageand supportthe currentcommunityefforts ofThe 1 Ola Wailuanui working group to return the Wailuanuiaho'ano area to the control of the Native Hawaiian people (with their allies who support them),to re-create an organic,roots-based Hawaiian Cultural and Education Center,instead of another unnecessary hotel or tourist trap for the rich.It would be the only Pono thing to do on that revered and sacred 'aina.In my view, anything else you approve would be a major crime against the Hawaiian People,the Iwi Kupuna,and this hallowed ground. Very Sincerely, Fred Dente 6335 Waipouli Rd.Unit B Kapaa 808-651-2815 Sent from my iPad ^,.l.A.iW ^Z 8 ^21 205 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: Sylvia Partridge <sylpartridge@yahoo.com> Friday,September 10,2021 2:10 PM Planning Department Sylvia Partridge Att:Planning Commission,Coco Palms -no more hotels please CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. COCO PALMS Aloha Planning Commisslon, Am requestlng the revocation of all permlts that allow any hotel or resort on Coco Palms. Also,we need 4 lanes for trafflc going through the hotel land between Lihue and north Kapaa to reduce and help contlnuing severe trafflc congestion.This would be the time to speciiy 4 lanes of trafflc. Am supportlng tumlng the land over to community ownership and the communlty vlsion as speciiled in the I Ola WaUuanui Worklng Group. Thank you for considering this altemative plan as the best possible use of such culturally valuable and important land.I feel it would make Kauai a much better place to live and be for aU of us. Thank you. Sylvla Partridge 3800 Kamehameha Rd.,#22 PrincevUle,HI 96722 sylpartridge@yahoo.com ^l.l.^-^?. SEP 2 8 2021 204 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: Sandra Herndon <2da1wahine@gmail.com> Friday,September 10,2021 2:44 PM Fred Dente Planning Department Re:Wailuanuiaho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. 1 agree withyou. On Fri,Sep 10,2021 at 1:23 PM Fred Dente <koikoil@hawaii.rr.com>wrote: Planning Department Folks, 1 am for a native Hawaiian cultural center on the grounds of and around the former Coco Palms Hotel.No more shenanigans from developers and speculators and the money changers,who have paraded their schemes in front of you forall theseyears since Iniki,all ofwhom havefailed miserably intheirget rich plans.1 stronglyand respectfully request that you do all youcan do toencourage and supportthe currentcommunityeffortsofThe 1 Ola Wailuanui working group to return the Wailuanuiaho'ano area to the control of the Native Hawaiian people (with their allies who support them),to re-create an organic,roots-based Hawaiian Cultural and Education Center,instead of another unnecessary hotel or tourist trap for the rich.It would be the only Pono thing to do on that revered and sacred'aina.In my view,anything else you approve would be a major crime against the Hawaiian People,the Iwi Kupuna,and this hallowedground. VerySincerely, Fred Dente 6335WaipouliRd.Unit B Kapaa 808-651-2815 Sentfrom my iPad Peace &Aloha, Sandy "Thought is Creative,and YOU are the Thinker" ^.i.a.(»o. SEP28 2021 200 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Fern Holland <fern@hapahi.org> Sunday,September 12,2021 6:25 AM Fred Dente;Planning Department Re:Wailuanuiaho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Thankyou!!! Sent from Yahoo Mail for iPhone On Friday,September 10,2021,1:23 PM,Fred Dente <koikoil@hawaii.rr.com>wrote: Planning Department Folks, I am for a native Hawaiian cultural center on the grounds of and around the former Coco Palms Hotel.No more shenanigans from developers and speculators and the money changers,who have paraded their schemes in front of you for all these years since Iniki,all of whom have failed miserably in their get rich plans.1 strongly and respectfully request that you do all you can do to encourage and supportthecurrentcommunityeffortsofThe I Ola Wailuanui working groupto return the Wailuanuiaho'ano area to the control ofthe Native Hawaiian people (with their allies who support them),to re-create an organic,roots-based Hawaiian Cultural and Education Center,instead ofanother unnecessary hotel or tourist trap for the rich.It would be the only Pono thing to do on that revered and sacred 'aina.In my view,anything else you approve would be a major crime against the Hawaiian People,the Iwi Kupuna,and this hallowed ground. Very Sincerely, Fred Dente 6335WaipouliRd.Unit B Kapaa 808-651-2815 Sentfrom my iPad -A.t.^.^1 SEP2 8 2021 127 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Diane Koerner <dianekoerner@yahoo.com> Sunday,September 12,2021 8:12 AM Planning Department N0 HOTEL at Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outslde the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is somethlng you were expecting. Dear Members ofthe Planning Department: In 1992,a friend who had run the Office ofEmergency Permitting after Hurricane Iniki testified in court for the owners ofCoco Palms that it was not rebuildable and insurance money was given appropriately.But then the farce started and has continued about different off-shore developers building a new hotel there.Nearly thirty years later,it is even more ludicrous to think the property should be rebuilt as a hotel,that Kauai has room for one more tourist resort with more rental cars on the road making traffic unbearable. I leamed in TGI that the "auction on the courthouse steps"on July 26,that Private Capital Group,"a Utah- based,short-term loan-servicing company"was the successful bidder at $22.231 million.Who is the new owner/developer?Do they have the interests of our island at heart?Will they reassure the Planning Commission that everything is on track?Please don't allow it. I have watched the comer of Kuamoo Road (where I live)and Kuhio Hwy for 29 years and I have only seen the site become more of an eyesore.It desecrates the lands upon which the original Coco Palms was built -literally the birthplace of Hawaiian royalty.There are ancient fishponds and uncountable iwi kupuna buried beneath the sands now covered by broken-down buildings. I believe it is time to honor our host culture here on Kauai and start the process for the county to work with the I Ola Wailuanui group to transition this sacred land into the hands of the Hawaiian community to form a park, cultural or educational center. Please help save the site and our island for the people of Hawaii,revoking the development permits. Mahalo, Diane Koemer 420 Molo St. Kapaa,HI 96746 ^.i.<a.&2. SEP28 2021 122 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Cc: Subject: Laura Ramirez <lauraramirez87@hotmail.com> Sunday,September 12,2021 11:12 AM Planning Department Lurline Bettencourt No Hotel at Coco Palms site! CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even If the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, 1 am writing to make clear and have on record that 1 am one of many Kaua'i residents that is strongly opposed to any hotel at the Former Coco Palms Site! This space and land should never again be used to house more tourists with their cars and traffic that disrupt the lives of locals. My family supports instead the 1 Ola Wailuanui vision and the transition ofthis area into a thriving cultural & environmental gathering place that honors this 'aina,its rich history &the Hawaiian community. Mahalo, Laura Ramirez and the Bettencourt family 4510 Kawaihau Road Kapa'a,Kaua'i 96746 .(.o.fc^- SEP28 2021 114 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject; Emmaleah Stauber <emmaleah@hawaii.edu> Sunday,September 12,2021 11:54 AM Planning Department No hotel at Coco Palms site CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, I am writing to make clear and have on record that 1 am one of many Kaua'i residents that is strongly opposed to any hotel at the Former Coco Palms Site! This space and land should never again be used to house more tourists with their cars and traffic that disrupt the lives of locals. My family supports instead the 1 Ola Wailuanui vision and the transition of this area into a thriving cultural &environmental gathering place that honors this 'aina,its rich history &the Hawaiian community. Mahalo, Laura Ramirez and the Bettencourt family 4510 Kawaihau Road Kapa'a,Kaua'i 36746 -fi.t.Q-W. SEP28 2021 108 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Michael &Patti <wisevalentine@gmail.com> Sunday,September 12,2021 5:59 PM Planning Department No Hotel at Coco palms,please! CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha Planning Commission Chair Apisa,Vice-Chair Cox,Honorable Kaua'i Planning Commissioners,Director, Deputy Director and Staff: Please do notallowa hotelto be builtattheformerCoco Palms site inWailua.This propertyisoneofthe most significant places on Kaua 'i for Hawaiian history,legend,and culture.Many important mo'olelo and oli have Wailua origins,with other legends and chants also referencing this sacred site.With its major spiritual and religious significance in old Hawai'i,to this day it is arguably one ofthe most sacred areas in the archipelago to Hawaiians. The time has passed for a hotel to be redeveloped here,and frankly,it has been an eyesore on our island for far too long.This site is not a suitable location for a hotel,especially with the highway being moved onto the propertyto protect it from ocean erosion. Wailuanuiaho'ano needs to be returned to the people in the form of a park,cultural and educational center and place for 'aina based learning and experiences.This area should be developed into a thriving place for families to enjoy and learn about Hawaiian history,culture,land management and more! The 1 Ola Wailuanui working group has been working for the last 16 months to help shape an inclusive vision that can facilitate the transition ofthissacred land intothe hands ofthe community in perpetuityforthis purpose.For more information about this go to wailuanui.org. Thank you for your time,your consideration,and your decision to vote against ANY hotel development at this location. Patti Valentine Anahola Resident Olakino maika i:Live healthy Lokomaika'i:Share with eoch other G.\.(\w"SEP 2 8 2021 64 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject; Jodi Matsumoto <jodimatsumoto1@gmail.com> Monday,September 13,2021 10:34 AM Planning Department Coco Palms Site CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, 1 am writing to you today in opposition of a hotel being constructed on the historical Coco Palms property.The reasons are asfollows; *0ur island and specifically the infrastructure for the area cannot accommodate the number of tourists &vehicles a resort would attract. *Global warming and rising seas will likely require the existing road to be moved mauka *lt's been 29 years and no one has been successful in developing this property as a resort.Mother Nature is very much against it. 1 believethissite should bea Hawaiian Cultural Centerforthe people ofHawaii to enjoyaswell as aneducational center for our visitors.It could be a place where the Hawaiian traditions are celebrated and taught.Our talented crafters, dancers,Hawaiian language teachers and farmers would have a place to come together grounded in their culture.This is the vision that 1 see for this one of kind site.Let's get it right this time. Sincerely, Jodi Matsumoto jQ.\'a'^ SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Importance: Irena <irenabliss@gmaif.com> Tuesday,September 14,2021 2:22 AM Planning Department Community Support to Restore Wailuanuiaho'ano -No Hotel at "Coco Palms' High CAUTION:This emall originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha Kaua'i Planning Dept, 1 am writing in support of restoring Wailuanuiaho'ano,and strongly oppose having a hotel at "Coco Palms". Wailuanuiaho'ano needs to be returned to the people in the form of a park,cultural and educational center and place for 'aina based learning and experiences.This sacred area should be restored as a thriving place for families to enjoy and learn about Hawaiian history,culture,land management and more.This property is one ofthe mostsignificant places on Kaua'ifor Hawaiian history,legend,culture and forthefuture ofour sustainability. I support the vision of the 1 Ola Wailuanui working group who have been working for the last 16 months to help shape an inclusive vision that can facilitate the transition of this sacred land into the hands of the community in perpetuity for this purpose.Please see https://www.wailuanui.org/for the inspiring community vision to restore Wailuanui to a flourishing space for cultural enrichment,education,conservation and food production. 1 feel it is so important to honor this place,honor the culture and environment,and create a unique opportunity for enrichment in cultural and environmental education. Especially at this time on Earth,it is vital and pono to focus on Aloha 'Aina,Malama 'Aina,food sovereignty, and cultural restoration. 1 strongly oppose a hotel at this site,and support the former Coco Palms Hotel property being transitioned to a place for cultural and 'aina based learning,that honors this sacred place and provides education and cultural enrichment for people. Mahalo nui, Irena ^.l.a.y'SEP282021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: John Kaohelaulii <kauaitourdriver@yahoo.com> Tuesday,September 14,2021 4:48 AM Planning Department Opposition to Redevelopment of former Coco Palms Resort CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Dear Kaua'i Planning Commission, Aloha kakou.My name is John W.Kaohelaulii, I oppose any current or future plans to redevelop this location for a hotel or resort of any kind.The time to redevelop this location has long past. There are too many significant and historical sites in the area to be desecrated for profit.Turning this area into a cultural center would make better sense. Aloha and Mahalo, John W.Kaohelaulii Native Hawaiian Anahola Hawaiian Homes .i.a.^ SI.P 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Meredith Cross <malibumer.nunn@gmail.com> Tuesday,September 14,2021 9:48 AM Planning Department 1 OPPOSE a hotel at Coco Palms Old Slte CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. I,Meredith Cross of Kapa'a Hl,oppose the building of a hotel on this sacred place! This propertyis one ofthe most significant places on Kaua'ifor Hawaiian history,legend,culture and forthe future of our sustainability.Many important mo'olelo and oli have Wailua origins,with other legends and chants also referencing this sacred site.With its major spiritual and religious significance in old Hawal'i it is arguably one of the most sacred areas in the archipelago to Hawaiians.Still today Wailua remains an extremely sacred site to Hawaiian cultural practitioners and Kanaka Maoli everywhere. The time has passed for a hotel to be redeveloped here.This site is not a suitable location for a hotel.It has been almost exactly 29 years since the hotel was destroyed in hurricane 'lniki and we believe the site has proven to no longer be a viable location fora hotel,orfurther development ofthat nature. It is time for this special property to be revitalized and transitioned into the hands of our community.This property has the potentialto providea place ofgathering,education,food produrtion,culturalgroundingand green space for our community. Mahalo for your time, Meredith Cross Kapa'a,Hl Q.l .d.M. ?rP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Bonnie Rasmussen <bonnieisland@yahoo.com> Wednesday,September 15,2021 10:36 AM Planning Department restoring and presrving Wailuanuiaho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha,I am writing in opposition to the redevelopment of the prior coco palms location in Wailua.1 hope that this land will be renewed and restored as a green space and used for cultural,educational and sustainable uses for the community.Please make the right choice to stop the redevelopment of Wailuanuiaho'ano and let the community utilize this as green space,educational,sustainable and Hawaiian cultural uses. Thank you,Bonnie Rasmussen ^(.(.^w SEP 2 8 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Laurel Brier <browerr001@hawaii.rr.com> Wednesday,September 15,2021 9:01 PM Planning Department Restore Wailuanuiaho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha PlanningCommissioners, There seems to be a consensus among residents and visitors alike that Kaua'i is overcapacity when it comes to the number oftourists we are hosting.It has been a stress on our infrastructure,the environment and residents'life style. Maui County Council recently passed a measure to put a moratorium on new visitor accommodations in the most congested areas.This appears to be a logical way to slow down the out of control arrival of tourists.Halting an unneeded hotel would be an excellent step for Kaua'i in the direction of addressing this problem. Creating another visitor accommodation in Kapaa-Wailua area is undesirable in that it would add to the traffic congestion in the area and put stress on the infrastructure such as the Wailua waste system.With the loss ofthe beach across from the site it is also no longer a desirable location for visitors.The abandoned hotel site has been an eye sore for almost 30 years.Developers have had opportunities and ample time to rebuild and now that time should pass. This area is of enormous cultural significance that residents and visitors alike can benefit from learning about.Let's protect and preserve this most special of places for everyone,for generations to come. Thank you for your thoughtful consideration. Laurel Brier Anahola,Kauai -^.l •a:1l-'SEP 2 8 2021 Shanlee Jimenez From: Sent: To: Subject: Gary Hudson <gkrh89@gmail.com> Friday,September 17,2021 8:26 AM Planning Department Wailua/Coco Palms CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha PlanningCommission, First thank you for your services and your commitment to making/keeping Kauai the emerald gem that it is.My name is Gary Hudson,recently retired Battalion Chieffor Kauai Fire Department,resident ofWailua Homesteads,and frequent user of the Wailuanui area.1 am writing this in opposition to rebuilding a resort where the former Coco Palms Hotel remains stand. In my former profession,it was taught to me to leave the department better than when we came in.You folks have the same opportunity before you,for our island.The question is;would Kauai be better with another resort and more specifically,a resort on Hawaiian sacred land?The existing resorts aren't even close to full on an already over crowded highway adding to the daily congestion and aggravation of residents and visitors alike.We deal with the traffic daily,it sucks!And what are we selling to visitors?Come to beautiful Kauai and sit in traffic,junk.Who would this resort benefit, an offislandcompanyPWe have done without for years;nojobs,notax revenue,itwon't be missed.ORwould Kauai be better off without this resort on sacred lands and on our busiest stretch of highway.1 know we would be better without. We trust you folks to make Kauai better,not worse. Ideally,and maybe the new owner could work with us (be a good steward ofthe land),return that whole property to the sacred site that it once was.Tear down the structure,build a community park and maybe something like Waikiki Shell. We could ALL gather,learn,share,grow,farm,and enjoy a Hawaiian cultural park.Not just for those that could afford a stay at luxury resort. When you folks look back at your time on the commission.What will be your legacy?Hopefully it will be;you folks got the ball rolling for something ALL of Kauai can enjoy and not give in to a resort for the rich and prevented clogging up our island even more. Thankyouforyourtime and consideration,Gary Hudson 808.652.6041 ^,1.^.-72.. SEP28 2021, Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: Michal Stover <mfsleh@yahoo.com> Friday,September 17,2021 8:26 PM Planning Department Reject Hotel at Coco Palms;Restore Wailuahuiho'ano CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even ifthe sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha Planning Commission Chair Apisa,Vice-Chair Cox,and Honorable Kaua'i Planning Commissioners: 1 am writing to request that the planning commission reject any and all plans for a hotel at the former Coco Palmssite and,instead,return the property to the people ofKaua'i in theform ofa parkand cultural and educational center. The former Coco Palms site is not suitable for a hotel.With its location across busy Kuhio Highway from the beach,the property will not be an attractive destination for visitors.The beach itself has been steadily shrinking as a result of climate change and does not provide the same opportunity for recreation that it once did.This place ofextreme sacredness to native Hawaiian cultural practitioners and the Hawaiian people more generally should not be desecrated yet again by another hotel. Wailuahuiho'ano is one ofthe most historically,culturallyand spirituallysignificant placeson Kaua'i.As a result,it is the perfect place for a park and cultural and educational center where the community may gather to learn about and practice the Hawaiian culture. Mahalo. Michal F,Stover KTlauea,Kaua'i ^.(.^-T^ SEP28 2021 Kristen Romuar-Cabico From: Sent: To: Subject: EveKauai <eve3ibiz@gmail.com> Saturday,September 18,2021 2:51 PM Planning Department Coco Palms site -hearing on September 28th,2021 CAUTION:This email originated from outside the County of Kauai.Do not click links or open attachments even if the sender is known to you unless it is something you were expecting. Aloha, 1 am writing to voice my strong opposition to the proposal to restore a hotel to the site ofthe Coco Palms hotel. 1 pass this site every single day on my walk to Lydgate Park and can confirm unreservedly that this is a totally inappropriate site for a hotel.Kapa'a has evolved into a busy community with a noisy and busy highway close by,and across the road the shoreline has significantly encroached since the time of Coco Palms'heyday,posing potential flooding risk.Tourists who spend money visiting seek and expect luxurious environments to stay in. Furthermore,this site should never have been appropriated in the first place,since it is known as a sacred site to native Hawai'ians. The time has come to give this area back to the community,in the form of repurposing the ruins into affordable rental units (with parking garages on the ground floor level,due to the flood risk),and a community park behind it particularly suitable for families raising children there.Perhaps including a cultural center highlighting Hawai'ian practices from the past. Affordable rental units are in very scarce supply here on Kaua'i and contribute significantly to the problem of homelessness.It is almost impossible to hold down a job without a home,first. Placing a bus-stop within Coco Palms Community to servlce the new residents with the bus routes #s 400 and 500 would encourage low income tenants to manage finances more easily by being able to live without the need for a car,as these bus routes would convey them to Lihue Mall as well as Kapa'a schools,and also to most of the hotels and shops in both Lihue and Kapa'a where many hundreds of workers are employed,or could find employment in future.With the minimum wage in Hawai'i still set at a much lower rate than actual living costs here,this would be a step in the right direction. Please see sense and find the courage to face facts about the reality of Kaua'i life,as well as the strength to turn away millions of dollars put on the table by non-resident developers only interested in turning a big profit,at the expense of this island community.While government funding is always difficult to organise and prioritize,finding funds to build affordable residential units is a major investment in the infrastructure overall.Alternatively,perhaps a think-tank of County appointees could come up with a viable 'sweetheart deal'involving some of the wealthiest members of Kaua'i's residential pool,who might be willing to put investment funds on the table in return for property tax breaks or similar incentives?The positive P.R.potentially generated for funding a new Community Cultural Center and conveniently located housing for 'average',working class Kaua'i residents,is a meaningful bargaining 'chip' which could be bartered for mutual benefits to all concerned;we now know that all sorts of frankly nefarious 'sweetheart deals'are crafted for the benefit of outsiders with deep pockets on a semi-regular basis,so surely Kaua'i taxpayers pay for County officials to 'think outside the box'when it comes to benefits for such a small community as comprises Kaua i? ^.t.«'7+. SEP28 2021 Mahalo! Sincerely, E.J.Hands Ka'aina S.tlull Director ofPlanning Jodi A.IIiguchi Saycgusa Deputy Dircctor ofPlanning TO: I<E: COUNTY OF KAUA'I PLANNING DEPARTMENT DIRECTOR'S REPORT Planning Commission 2021 Status Report Special Management Area Use Permit SMA(U)-2015-6 Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2015-8 Project Dcvclopment Use Permit PDU-2015-7 Variance Permit V-2015-1 Tax Map Keys:(4)4-1-003:004 (Por.),005,007,011 &017; 4-1-005:014 &017 Wailua,Kaua'i APPLICANT:COCO PALMS HUI,LLC. PROJECT BACKGROUND The subject permits were approved by the Planning Commission on March 10,2015 to authorize the renovation and redevelopment ofthe Coco Palms Resort consisting of 350 holel units.In addition,the development includes support facilities containing retail shops,several restaurants, office space and hotel lobby area,museum,meeting rooms,new maintenance building,new spa and gym building,and 399 off-street parking stalls. Condition No.29 ofthe permits requires the Applicant lo submit an annual report to the Planning Commission to report the progress ofthe project until it's completed and it reads: "29.On or before June 30th ofeach year until all conditions have been satisjied,the Applicanl shall submit an annual report to the Planning Commission oflhe status ofand progress on,each unsatisfied condition, parlicularly conditions with workforce housing requirements and Iransportation requirements.These conditions shall be modlfied by ihe Planning Commission lo reflecl ihe salisfaclion ofany condition." APPLICANT'S REOUEST In accordance with Condition No.29,the Applicant is providing the attached status and progress report (dated June 30,2021)on behalfofCoco Palms Hui,LLC.,refer to Exhibit 'A'.All conditions ofthe original permit arc addressed by the Applicant in the attached report.Thc matrix provided also identify the progress with the compliance of the specific requircment. »:\i01i Hisw Fil!i\Regi]]llory\io»n(PermicUas!inZ.I».M15.tUiinuil hport illllhpon.l t.i4.;0il 0(J.I».!OIS.8 Con Palmsjtaus Ip]2011.d»u -€T.l.^-^5. SEP 2 8 2021 In addition to the Applicant's submittal,thc dcpartment has prepared a matrix idcntifying the conditions oflhc pcrmit as well as the progrcss wilh the compliance ofthe rcquircments (see attached Exhibit 'B'). RECOMMENDATION It is recommcndcd that the Commission acccpts the Applicant's Annual Status Rcport dated Junc 30,2021.Additionally,thc Applicant is adviscd thal all applicable conditions ofapproval, including the provision ofannual status report as requircd by Condition No.29,shall remain in effecl. By Dalc A.Cua Planner Approved and rccommcndcd to Commission: By Ka'aina S.Hul) Director of Plamiing ^Ar/Date:•To-t-l SMA(U)-2015-6,Z-IV-2015-8,PDU-201 5-7,V-2015-1;2021 Status Reporf Coco Polms HuL LLC. 8.24.202) -2- EXHIBIT"A // (Permit Matrix and Status) For reference DocuSign Envelope ID:E8F659DS-28BE-43A8-87FF-7B95899250F3 COCO PALMS HUI LLC a Delaware limited liability company June30,2021 Mr.Ka'aina Hull Clerk of the Planning Commission of the County of Kauai Planning Commission of the County of Kauai 4444 Rice Street Kapule Building,Suite A-473 Lihue,Hawaii 96766-1326 l---'-.or;''.;),.• P^-f.NINGOfc- 21 A 12 R2.-49 REc 1 Y t-L Re:2021 status report regarding Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2015-8,Project Development Use Permit PDU-2015-7,Variance Permit V-2015-1 and Special Management Area Use Permit SMA(U)-2015-6 at Tax Map Keys 4-1-003:004 (por.),005,007,011,and 017 and 4-1-005:014 and 017 (the "Permits"),with approval conditions as set forth in letter dated December 31,2018 from the Planning Commission ofthe County of Kauai (the "Conditions")with Coco Palms Hui LLC,as Applicant ("Applicant") DearMr.Hull: Pursuant to Condition No.29 of the above-referenced Permits,Coco Palms Hui LLC hereby submits the enclosed status report regardjng its Conditions as ofJune 30,2021. Should you have any questions or desire additional information regarding the status report,do not hesitate to contact Parker Enloe at (801)717-6744 or Jon M.H.Pang,Esq.,at (808)547-5400. Very truly yours, COCO PALMS HUI LLC, a Delaware limited liability company By:STILLWATER EQUITY PARTNERS LLC, a Utah limited liabilitycompany, its Manager DocuSlgned by: By:1'IWL fM\A^w4 Paul Bringhurst Its Manager 30113/3/3359339.2 160 W.Canyon Road Suite 3 Alpine,Utah 84004 Development Permits: Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofJune 30,2021 Class IV Zoning Permit Z-IV-2015-8,Project Development Use Permit PDU-2015-7,Variance Permit V-2015-1 and Specjal Management Area Use Permit SMA(U)-2015-6 at Tax Map Keys 4- 1-003:004 (por.),005,007,011,and 017 and 4-1-005:014 and 017,with approval conditions as set forth in letter dated December 31,2018 from the Planning Commission ofthe County of Kauai Applicant:Coco Palms Hui LLC 30113/3/3355779.7 Count Conditions Completed Condition:8 1,2,3,4,5,10,28,29 Ongoing:14 6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14,15,17,21 (except 21.b),23,25,26, Forthcoming:7 16,18,19,20,(21.b),22,24,27 29 Condition Status Comments to County 1.The Applicant shall contribute $50,000.00 to the County of Kauai to assist the Planning Department's historic presen/ation mission via its efforts to perpetuate the cultural and historic significance of the Wailua/Waipouli region consistent with the Department's historic preservation program,including the creation of educational programs and signage. Complete This contribution was paid to, and received by/the County of Kauai on October 17,2015. 2.The Applicant shall contribute $50,000.00 to the County of Kauai to assist the County with its current place making efforts,including moku and ahupuaa signage of the Waitua area. Complete This contribution was paid to, and received by,the County of Kauai on October 17,2015. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 2 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 3.Prior to building permit approval,the Applicant shall meet the requirements and standards of the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), State Historic Preservation Division (SHPD).The Applicant is further advised that should any archaeological or historical resources be discovered during ground disturbing/construction work,all work in the area of the archaeological/historical findings shall immediately cease and the Applicant shall contact the State Department of Land and Natural Resources,Historic Preservation Division and the Planning Department to determine mitigation measures.The Planning Department has reviewed the comments of the State Historic Preservation Division, and under its independent Chapter 6E and related Hawaii Constitutional obligations and duties,requires the following historic preservation measures be fulfilled by the Applicant. Complete As ofJune 2016,the Applicant has received approval from SHPD with respect to their HRS6E-42 reviewand required mitigation actions. However,Appljcant is also advised that should any human remains be discovered as a consequence of digging activities,WORKMUST IMMEDIATELY STOP IN THE VICINIPl'OFTHEFINDAND SHPDANDTHEPLANNING DEPARTMENTMUSTBE NOTIFIED. 3.a A revised SOW for the project,inctuding any proposed work with potential to affect the historic lagoon, including staging areas,construction of new bridges, dredging,or filling In of areas near the lagoon; Comptete 3.b Information regarding any potential federal funding or federal permits that may be required,espedally relative to the historic lagoons; Complete 3.c An Intensive-Level Survey (ILS)that identifies and assesses all remaining architectural historic properties and their potential eligibility for the Hawaii and National Registers; Complete 3.d A Burial Treatment Plan (BTP)that meets HAR §13- 300-34fb),and following a determination by the KIBC regarding burial treatment,a Burial Site Component of a Data Recovery Plan (BSCDRP)that meets HAR §13- 300-34(b)(3)(B);and Complete 3.e A Revised Archaeological Monitoring Plan (AMP)that includes provisions for addressing architectural monitoring concerns and meets HAR §13-279-4, induding ongoing monitoring during construction and 90 days after completion of construction. Complete Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status ReportasofJune 30,2021 Page 3 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 4.Applicant shall submit a Construction and Demolition Debris Management Plan,and have the plan revjewed and concurred with by the Department of Public Works,Solid Waste Management Division.Applicant is encouraged to employ broad diversion efforts in its waste management plan. Complete This condition 4 is satisfied. 5.Applicant is aware that any final construction plans involving the former Seashell Restaurant site that deviates substantially from the conceptual plans presented to the State Department of Land and Natural Resources may trigger compliance with the statutes and regulations under the jurisdiction of the Office of Coastal and Conservation Lands,Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources if final development is proposed within the shoreline area. Applicant is on notice that,if any such final plans proposes development within the shoreline area,this permit action may be deemed invalid and require modification and re-approval only after compliance with Chapter 343,Hawaii Revised Statutes,is attained. Complete No current pians for development within the shoreline area. 6.In order to minimize adverse impacts on the Federally Listed Threatened Species,Newell's Shearwater and other seabirds,all external lighting shall be only of the following types:shielded lights,cut-off luminaries, indirect lighting or other types permissible under applicable Federal Law or otherwise approved by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.Spotlights aimed upward or spotlighting of structures, landscaping,or the ocean shall be prohibited unless otherwise permissible under Federal Law or approved by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Ongoing No external lighting being used at thistime. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 4 of 13 30113/3/3355779,7 Condition Status Comments to County 7.To the extent possible within the confines of union requirements and applicable legal prohibitions against discrimination in employment,the Applicant shall seek to hire Kauai contractors as long as they are qualified and reasonably competitive with other contractors, and shall seek to employ residents of Kauai in temporary construction and permanent jobs.It is recognized that the Applicant may have to employ non-Kauai residents for particular skilled jobs where no qualified Kauai resident possesses such skills.For the purposes of this condition,the Commission shall relieve the Applicant of this requirement if the Applicant is subjected to anti-competitive restraints on trade or other monopolistic practices. Ongoing Upon approval of building permits,applicant will solicit bids from local contractors in accordance with this condition. 8.The Applicant shall implement to the extent possible sustainable building techniques and operational methods for the project,such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (L.E.E.D.)standards or another comparable state-approved,nationally recognized,and consensus-based guideline/standard, or system,and strategies,which may Include but is not limited to recycling,natural lighting,extensive landscaping,solar panels,low-energy fixtures,low energy lighting and other similar methods and techniques.All such proposals shall be reflected on the plans submitted for building permit review. Ongoing Plans are being developed to utilizethelatestL.E.E.D standards. 9.As part of the building permit application,the Applicant shall comply with the building code requlrements applicable to the construction plans submitted for the vertical Improvements for the project.Any revisions shall be identified accordingly on the final site development plan and vertical building constructlon plans for building permit review and processing In accordance with applicable buildlng code requirements. Ongoing Submitted ptans are in compliance wlth applicable building code requirements. 10.The Applicant shall contribute $10,000.00 to the County of Kauai Transportation Agency to assist with the construction of a new bus stop along Kuhio Highway in the Wailua area. Complete This contribution has been paid to,and received by,the County of Kauai Transportation Agency on October17,2015. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 5 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 11.Applicant shall coordinate project plans with the Department of Public Works Wastewater Management Division to ensure that connection to a public sewer system is accomplished properly. Applicant shall also submit a current wastewater preliminary engineering report,as per County Sewer Standards,identifying details of sewer connections. Prior to building permit approval for vertical construction,Applicant shall submit construction plans for any necessary sewer improvements and if applicable,pay any required wastewater sewer system fees. Ongoing SPW/WMD has approved 22 of 25 permit applications for which DPW/WMD approval were required. For the remaining three (3) permit applications, DPW/WMD comments were addressed in resubmitted plans.The Division is prepared to sign off on permits when all department comments are addressed. 12.Applicant shall submit a detailed water demand (both domestic and irrigation)calculations along with the proposed water meter size.Water demand calculations submitted by your engineer or architect should also include fixture count and water meter sizing worksheets.The Department of Water may requlre the payment fees specified in the existing County of Kauai ordinances as a consequence of the approved water demand calculations that are in addition to the existing water allocated to the property. Ongoing DOW has approved plans for 22 of 25 permit applications. As to the remaining three (3) permit applications,water demand cafculations have been submitted and approved forthe newly installed water meterand backflow prevention device. 13.Applicant shall prepare and receive the Department of Water's approval of construction drawings for the necessary water system facilities and construct said facilities.These facilities shall include but not be limited to:a)the interior plumbing with the appropriate backflow prevention devlce;b)the domestic service connection,if applicable;c)the fire service connection,If applicable.Requests for additional water meters or increase in water meter size beyond water meters already allocated to the property will be dependent on the adequacy of the source,storage and transmission facilities existing at the time. Ongoing DOW has approved plans for 22 of25 permit applications. As to the remaining three (3) permitapplications, resubmitted plans to be reviewed by DOW verify that individual waterdemand for each building does not collectively exceed the capacity of the installed water meter. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 6 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 14.Applicant acknowledges affordable housing requlrements apply to this proposal,and in compliance with Chapter 7A,Kauai County Code (1987),Applicant has entered into,and will perform its obligations under,that certain Housing Agreement (for Coco Palms)dated December 4,2015,directly with the Kauai County Housing Agency,which has been fully executed and recorded on February 9,2016. Ongoing Housing Agreement with County Housing Agency recorded on February 9, 2016.The Applicant intends to comply with the Housing Agreement. 15.Applicant shall submit by August 31,2019 plans to for all remaining building permits for the construction of vertical improvements on the project site,and will thereafter diligently work in good faith with the Kauai Division of Buildings ("Building Division")to obtain final buildlng permit approval for all remaining permits.Construction shall commence within one year after the date of final approval of the referenced building permits.Further,pursuant to PDU requirements in the CZO,construction shall commence within one year after the date of full approval of such building permits.Also,Applicant shall pull all such building permits within six months after the approval of the final building permit. Ongoing The first submittal of all building permit plans was complete on or before August 31,2019. Final approval has been obtained on 14 of 29 permits applications. As to the remaining 15 permit applications,revised plans responding to all comments have been resubmitted for Countyapproval 16.Screening of the construction site during construction along Kuhio Highway and Kuamoo Road to be aesthetically consistent with current construction standards on Kauai while maintaining compatibility with the nature of the site sitting at a coastal gateway for the area.Screening shall be properly maintained In a manner acceptable to the Director until such time as the Applicant has completed all vertical improvements.Further,the Applicant shall work with the State Department of Transportation to provide landscaping along the strip of land fronting the property fronting Kuhio Highway and properly maintain this fandscaping in perpetuity. Forthcoming DOT is currently uslng the Coco Palms site along Kuhio highway as a staging area for road widening project.New screening is expected to be installed upon DOT completion of road widening project. Coco Palms Permit Condjtions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 7 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 17.Applicant shall substantially complete the demolition work described tn the existing demolition permits issued for the property by March 31,2017 subject to extension caused by the occurrence of force majeure events. Applicant agrees that,if the concrete structures that remain on the property after the demolition work is completed is not incorporated into the construction of the vertical improvements by June 30,2021,the Applicant shall,at its sole cost and expense,secure such concrete structures in futl compliance with all health and safety requirements set forth in all applicable laws and ordinances. Ongoing Except as to three 3-story concrete structures, demolitjon was completed by March 31,2017. Demolitjon of the remaining three 3-story concrete structures has been incorporated into the plans currently being reviewed by the Dept.of Planning. 18.Applicant shall provide 20 public parking spaces at the North end of the project site with signage identifying their use by beachgoers and those using public transit when the operator opens to the public the building of the project that Is closest to the parking lot containing such public parking spaces.Further,the Applicant shall provide 20 stalis for parking with signage identifying their use by public beachgoers along the south end of the project.These stalls shall be clearly marked for public beachgoers use oniy.Also/the Applicant at its own expense shall work with the county to site, design,construct,and maintain in perpetuity,a comfort station consisting of restrooms and showers for beachgoers.This comfort station shall be located adjacent or approximate to this public beachgoers parkingarea. Forthcoming 19.All parking for guests,customers,and employees shall be accommodated on site.No parking on Kuamoo, Haleilio or Apana roads shall be allowed.No use of parking iots on adjacent property shall be allowed as well. Forthcoming 20.Given outstanding evaluation of the Traffic Impact Analysis Report (TIAR)by both the Department of Public Works and State Department of Transportation, in the interim,the Applicant shall provide the following to mitigate traffic impacts created by the development: See below. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as of June 30,2021 Page 8 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 20.a Provide,at the Applicant's expense,a shuttle for eighteen (18)months beginning when the hotel operator opens the main lobby,at least 277 guest rooms and the food and beverage facilities and services of the project to the public as a pilot program to facilitate transit to and from the Lihue Airport and the development; Forthcoming 20.b Provide,at the Applicants expense^a circulator shuttle for eighteen (18)months beginning when the hotel operator opens the main lobby,at least 277 guest rooms and the food and beverage facilities and services of the project to the public to move patrons from the hotel to Lydgate and Wailua Beach Park,the Seashell Restaurant Site,the Coconut Marketplace and other destinations within the main Kapaa transit corridor that shall be determined by the County of Kauai Executive on Transportation at least 90 days before such shuttle service is scheduled to begin. Forthcoming 20.C Provide,at the Applicants expense,a bike share program operated by Applicant or a vendor selected by Applicant for patrons of the resort to allow guests to ride bikes into Kapaa Town and other destinations withoutdriving; Forthcoming 20.d The Applicant shall work with the State Department of Transportation and Department of Public Works to resolve pedestrian crossing,sidewalks and vehicular traffic demands created by the development,and bear implementation costs proportional to the impact that arises,including the installation of a continuous public sidewalk on the Kuhio Highway frontage between Kuamoo and Haleilio;and Forthcoming 20.e Provide the Planning Department,Department of Public Works and State Department of Transportation an update to the TIAR one (1)year after receiving the last certificate of occupancy for the project evaluating traffic impacts created by the resort and analyze the need for additional bus stops. Forthcoming Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 9 of13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 20.f Provide the Department with a report on the Applicant's efforts to work with the Department of Land and Naturat Resources to obtain permission to use the lands held by lease for a mauka access,either vehicular^or bike/pedestrian^to allow movement of residents between Kuamoo road and Haleilio Road. Forthcomlng 20 con't Should the updated TIAR,as accepted by the three agencies,determine a significant adverse change in the traffic conditions resulting solely from project beyond the traffic conditions anticipated in the original TIAR,Applicant is aware that this permit is subject to reasonable modification by the Planning Commission that Applicant may be responsible for the proportionate costs for any impacts of such significant adverse change for which a nexus to the additional anticipated traffic conditions may be identified. Forthcoming 21.Applicant shall work with the county and bear the costs of the following improvements:See below. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status ReportasofJune30,2021 Page 10 of 13 Condition Status Comments to County 21.3 Provide an in lieu payment of $93,750 to the County of Kauai by June 30,2017 for the cost of a dedicated right turn lane on Haleilio Road,from Apana Road to Kuhio Highway In addition to an existing through lane. The County shall design and complete construction of continuous public sidewalks along Apana Road to Haleilio Road and along Haleilio Road to Kuhio Highway fronting the Applicant's property.Sidewalks must be a minimum of 5 feet wide and shall be dedicated to the County to the extent owned by Applicant.The portions of said right turn lane owned by Applicant shall be dedicated to the County; provided that the Applicant shall have the reserved right of entry over the dedicated areas in connection with its project.By January 31,2019,the Applicant shall submit plans for the subdivision of the portions of its land to be dedicated to the Kauai Planning Department and shall thereafter diligently work in good faith with the Planning Department to obtain final subdivision approval of such plans,and to dedicate such subdivided portions to the County Ongoing This $93,750 lieu payment was paid to,and received by, the County of Kauai on June 30,2017. Subdivision plans submitted to Kauai Planning Department on January 18,2019 deadline. Condition satisfied. Finat Subdivision approval issued bythe Kauai Planning Commission on Jan.28.2020, including modification waiving requirement of Applicant to provide curbs, gutters and sidewalks. Surveyor's Affidavit recorded February 27,2020 as Doc.No. A-73620668.Condition of Title Guarantee has been issued byOld RepublicTitle and submitted to the Planning Dept. The form ofthe dedication deed was delivered to the Planning Dept.on November 12,2020 for review and comment;currently awaiting approval. 21.a (sic) Design and complete construction of widening Apana Road to be wide enough for two-way vehicle travel from the project entry on Apana Road to Haleilio Road.The Applicant will work with the County of Kauai Department of Public Works on the width,length,and other design details for this improvement,which shall be dedicated to the County of Kauai to the extent owned by Applicant;provided that the Applicant shall have the reserved right of entry over the dedicated areas in connection with its project. Ongoing The $93,750 lieu payment was paid to,and received by, the County of Kauai on June 30,2017. Completed,except for pending dedication of subdivided portion to County with a reserved of right of entryto Applicant. 30113/3/3355779.7 Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofJune 30,2021 Page 11 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 21.b Design and complete construction of "Do Not Block" markings along the eastbound lanes of Haleilio Road at the intersection with Apana Road,slmilar to the striping at Kuamo'o Road and Wailua Road. Forthcoming Marking to be performed upon completion of new Haleilio Road rightturn lane project. 21. con't The Applicant shall retain a surveyor to survey the portions of the Applicant's land over which the right turn lane right-of-way and sidewalks to be constructed pursuant to subparagraphs a-b above that will be dedicated to the County,then prepare and record the necessary title documents.The County,Planning Department and Department of Public Works will cooperate fully to process all necessary subdivision and dedication approvals on an expedited basis. Ongoing Final Subdivision approval issued bythe Kauai Planning Commission on Jan.28.2020, including modification waiving requirement of Applicant to provide curbs, gutters and sidewalks. Surveyor's Affidavit recorded February 27,2020 as Doc.No. A-73620668.Condition of Title Guarantee has been issued by Old Republic Title and submitted to the Planning Dept. The form ofthe dedication deed was delivered to the Planning Dept.on November 12,2020 for review and comment;currently awaiting approval. 22.If requested by the Transportation Agency due to increased ridership demand caused by the development,Applicant shall provide proportional support for one (1)additional bus stop and shelter for the Kauai bus. Forthcoming 23.Form and character of the development shall reflect the prior history ofthe resort and the brand standards of the hotel operator including the usage of similar looking roof and facade material,color and landscaping.Further,non-reflective materials are necessary to promote the seashore area aesthetics. Prior to building permit application for reconstruction or new construction of buildings and landscaping,the Applicant shall submit renderings and plans for departmental design review. Ongoing The resort will reflect the prior resort with similar looking roof,color,and landscaping.Submitted building plans address this requirement. Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Reportas ofjune 30,2021 Page 12 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 24.Applicant shall encourage employees to utilize the County's Transportation Agency transit services to mjtigate commuter trips to and from the development.The Applicant shall work with the Transportation Agency on promotional events encouraging usage of the transit system at Coco Palms,including selling bus passes on behalf of the agency,sjgnage,etc. Forthcoming 25.The Applicant is advised that in connection with the issuance of building permits for the vertical improvements of the project,additional conditions from the reviewing government agencies may be imposed.It shall be the Applicant's responsibility to resolve those conditions with the respective agencies. Ongoing All comments on building permits have been addressed in resubmitted permit applications. No additional Development Permit conditions have been imposed to date. 26.The Planning Commission reserves the right to add or delete conditions of approval in order to address or mitigate unforeseen Impacts that any subsequent changes to this project as proposed by Applicant may create,or revoke the permits through the proper procedures should conditions of approval be violated. Ongoing No additional Development Permit conditions have been imposed to date. 27.During September 15 through December 15, construction shall only occur during daylight hours. Where possible as to not compromise safety of seabirds identified to be protected under Federal Law, exterior fadlity lights should be positioned low to the ground,be motion-triggered,and be shielded and/or full cut-off.Effective light shields should be completely opaque,sufficiently large,and positioned so that the bulb is only visible from below.Staff at the development shall be educated,and shall educate visitors with Information regarding such endangered or protected seabird fallout and response protocols for staff to recover downed birds.Deslgn elements shall also minimize collision by such protected seabirds with objects that protrude above the vegetation layer,such as utility lines,guide wires and communication towers.Should development yield conditions leading to any take of protected species, Applicant is on notice that an incldental take permit is required. Forthcoming Coco Palms Permit Conditions Matrix Status Report as ofjune 30,2021 Page 13 of 13 30113/3/3355779.7 Condition Status Comments to County 28.Applicant shall seek guidance from the Fish and Wildlife Service for the Applicant to develop and implement measures (e.g.monitoring,etc.),in order to avoid and minimize impacts to Hawaiian waterbirds during constructjon and operation of the development. Complete US Fish and Wildlife Service provided its comments on the CPH application to the Plannlng Commission in a letterdated March 2015 and will be addressed during construction and operation. 29.On or before June 30th of each year until all conditions have been satisfied,the Applicant shall submit an annual report to the Planning Commission of the status of and progress on,each unsatisfied condition,particularly conditions with workforce housing requirements and transportation requirements.These conditions shall be modified by the Planning Commission to reflect the satlsfaction of any condition. Ongoing Status report submitted on June 30,2021.